Advertisement
Advertisement


Adding a favicon to a static HTML page


Question

I have a few static pages that are just pure HTML, that we display when the server goes down. How can I put a favicon that I made (it's 16x16px and it's sitting in the same directory as the HTML file; it's called favicon.ico) as the "tab" icon as it were? I have read up on Wikipedia and looked at a few tutorials and have implemented the following:

<link rel="icon" href="favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon"/>
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon"/>

But it still doesn't want to work. I am using Chrome to test the sites. According to Wikipedia .ico is the best picture format that runs on all browser types.

Update

I could not get this to work locally although the code checks out it will only really work properly once the server started serving the site. Just try pushing it up to the server and refresh your cache and it should work fine.

2019/03/20
1
662
3/20/2019 6:02:12 PM

Accepted Answer

You can make a .png image and then use one of the following snippets between the <head> tags of your static HTML documents:

<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="/favicon.png"/>
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="https://example.com/favicon.png"/>
2020/06/01
970
6/1/2020 8:30:11 AM

Most browsers will pick up favicon.ico from the root directory of the site without needing to be told; but they don't always update it with a new one right away.

However, I usually go for the second of your examples:

<link rel='shortcut icon' type='image/x-icon' href='/favicon.ico' />
2015/08/13

Actually, to make your favicon work in all browsers, you must have more than 10 images in the correct sizes and formats.

I created an App (faviconit.com) so people don´t have to create all these images and the correct tags by hand.

Hope you like it.

2014/01/16

Convert your image file to Base64 string with a tool like this and then replace the YourBase64StringHere placeholder in the below snippet with your string and put the line in your HTML head section:

<link href="data:image/x-icon;base64,YourBase64StringHere" rel="icon" type="image/x-icon" />

This will work 100% in browsers.

2016/01/09

Usage Syntax: .ico, .gif, .png, .svg

This table shows how to use the favicon in major browsers. The standard implementation uses a link element with a rel attribute in the section of the document to specify the file format and file name and location.

Note that most browsers will give precedence to a favicon.ico file located in the website's root (therefore ignoring any icon link tags).

                                           Edge   Firefox   Chrome   I.E.   Opera   Safari  
 ---------------------------------------- ------ --------- -------- ------ ------- -------- 
  <link rel="shortcut icon"                Yes    Yes       Yes      Yes    Yes     Yes     
   href="http://example.com/myicon.ico">                                                    

  <link rel="icon"                         Yes    Yes       Yes      9      Yes     Yes     
   type="image/vnd.microsoft.icon"                                                          
   href="http://example.com/image.ico">                                                     

  <link rel="icon" type="image/x-icon"     Yes    Yes       Yes      9      Yes     Yes     
   href="http://example.com/image.ico">                                                     

  <link rel="icon"                         Yes    Yes       Yes      11     Yes     Yes     
   href="http://example.com/image.ico">                                                     

  <link rel="icon" type="image/gif"        Yes    Yes       Yes      11     Yes     Yes     
   href="http://example.com/image.gif">                                                     

  <link rel="icon" type="image/png"        Yes    Yes       Yes      11     Yes     Yes     
   href="http://example.com/image.png">                                                     

  <link rel="icon" type="image/svg+xml"    Yes    Yes       Yes      Yes    Yes     Yes     
   href="http://example.com/image.svg">                                                     

File format support

The following table illustrates the image file format support for the favicon:

                                         Animated                                
  Browser             ICO   PNG    GIF    GIF's   JPEG   APNG   SVG   
 ------------------- ----- ------ ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ 
  Edge                Yes   Yes    Yes    No      ?      ?      ?     
  Firefox             1.0   1.0    1.0    Yes     Yes    3.0    41.0  
  Google Chrome       Yes   Yes    4      No      4      No     No    
  Internet Explorer   5.0   11.0   11.0   No      No     No     No    
  Safari              Yes   4      4      No      4      No     No    
  Opera               7.0   7.0    7.0    7.0     7.0    9.5    44.0  

Browser Implementation

The table below illustrates the different areas of the browser where favicon's are displayed:

                      Address     Address bar 'Links'                       Drag to  
  Browser             Bar         drop-down     bar       Bookmarks   Tabs   desktop  
 ------------------- ------------ ----------- --------- ----------- ------ --------- 
  Edge                No            Yes         Yes       Yes         Yes    Yes      
  Firefox             until v12     Yes         Yes       Yes         Yes    Yes      
  Google Chrome       No            No          Yes       Yes         1.0    No       
  Internet Explorer   7.0           No          5.0       5.0         7.0    5.0      
  Safari              Yes           Yes         No        Yes         12     No       
  Opera               v7–12: Yes    No          7.0       7.0         7.0    7.0      
                      > v14: No                                                      

Icon files can be 16×16, 32×32, 48×48, or 64×64 pixels in size, and 8-bit, 24-bit, or 32-bit in color depth.

While the information above is generally correct, there are some variations/exceptions in certain situations.

img See the full article at the source on Wikipedia.


Update: ("more info")

2019/12/06

If the favicon is a png type image, it'll not work in older versions of Chrome. However it'll work just fine in FireFox. Also, don't forget to clear your browser cache while working on such things. Many a times, code is just fine, but cache is the real culprit.

2014/08/04

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9943771
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Email: [email protected]