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How do I make python wait for a pressed key?


Question

I want my script to wait until the user presses any key.

How do I do that?

2020/02/10
1
584
2/10/2020 8:45:17 PM

Accepted Answer

In Python 3 use input():

input("Press Enter to continue...")

In Python 2 use raw_input():

raw_input("Press Enter to continue...")

This only waits for the user to press enter though.

One might want to use msvcrt ((Windows/DOS only) The msvcrt module gives you access to a number of functions in the Microsoft Visual C/C++ Runtime Library (MSVCRT)):

import msvcrt as m
def wait():
    m.getch()

This should wait for a key press.

Additional info:

in Python 3 raw_input() does not exist

In Python 2 input(prompt) is equivalent to eval(raw_input(prompt))

2020/01/29
570
1/29/2020 11:07:15 AM


On my linux box, I use the following code. This is similar to code I've seen elsewhere (in the old python FAQs for instance) but that code spins in a tight loop where this code doesn't and there are lots of odd corner cases that code doesn't account for that this code does.

def read_single_keypress():
    """Waits for a single keypress on stdin.

    This is a silly function to call if you need to do it a lot because it has
    to store stdin's current setup, setup stdin for reading single keystrokes
    then read the single keystroke then revert stdin back after reading the
    keystroke.

    Returns a tuple of characters of the key that was pressed - on Linux, 
    pressing keys like up arrow results in a sequence of characters. Returns 
    ('\x03',) on KeyboardInterrupt which can happen when a signal gets
    handled.

    """
    import termios, fcntl, sys, os
    fd = sys.stdin.fileno()
    # save old state
    flags_save = fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_GETFL)
    attrs_save = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
    # make raw - the way to do this comes from the termios(3) man page.
    attrs = list(attrs_save) # copy the stored version to update
    # iflag
    attrs[0] &= ~(termios.IGNBRK | termios.BRKINT | termios.PARMRK
                  | termios.ISTRIP | termios.INLCR | termios. IGNCR
                  | termios.ICRNL | termios.IXON )
    # oflag
    attrs[1] &= ~termios.OPOST
    # cflag
    attrs[2] &= ~(termios.CSIZE | termios. PARENB)
    attrs[2] |= termios.CS8
    # lflag
    attrs[3] &= ~(termios.ECHONL | termios.ECHO | termios.ICANON
                  | termios.ISIG | termios.IEXTEN)
    termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSANOW, attrs)
    # turn off non-blocking
    fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, flags_save & ~os.O_NONBLOCK)
    # read a single keystroke
    ret = []
    try:
        ret.append(sys.stdin.read(1)) # returns a single character
        fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, flags_save | os.O_NONBLOCK)
        c = sys.stdin.read(1) # returns a single character
        while len(c) > 0:
            ret.append(c)
            c = sys.stdin.read(1)
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        ret.append('\x03')
    finally:
        # restore old state
        termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSAFLUSH, attrs_save)
        fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, flags_save)
    return tuple(ret)
2019/03/11

If you are ok with depending on system commands you can use the following:

Linux:

import os
os.system('read -sn 1 -p "Press any key to continue..."')
print

Windows:

import os
os.system("pause")
2019/12/03

Simply using

input("Press Enter to continue...")

will cause a SyntaxError: expected EOF while parsing.

Simple fix use:

try:
    input("Press enter to continue")
except SyntaxError:
    pass
2014/03/03

The python manual provides the following:

import termios, fcntl, sys, os
fd = sys.stdin.fileno()

oldterm = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
newattr = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
newattr[3] = newattr[3] & ~termios.ICANON & ~termios.ECHO
termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSANOW, newattr)

oldflags = fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_GETFL)
fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, oldflags | os.O_NONBLOCK)

try:
    while 1:
        try:
            c = sys.stdin.read(1)
            print "Got character", repr(c)
        except IOError: pass
finally:
    termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSAFLUSH, oldterm)
    fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, oldflags)

which can be rolled into your use case.

2012/11/01

Cross Platform, Python 2/3 code:

# import sys, os

def wait_key():
    ''' Wait for a key press on the console and return it. '''
    result = None
    if os.name == 'nt':
        import msvcrt
        result = msvcrt.getch()
    else:
        import termios
        fd = sys.stdin.fileno()

        oldterm = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
        newattr = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
        newattr[3] = newattr[3] & ~termios.ICANON & ~termios.ECHO
        termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSANOW, newattr)

        try:
            result = sys.stdin.read(1)
        except IOError:
            pass
        finally:
            termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSAFLUSH, oldterm)

    return result

I removed the fctl/non-blocking stuff because it was giving IOErrors and I didn't need it. I'm using this code specifically because I want it to block. ;)

Addendum:

I implemented this in a package on PyPI with a lot of other goodies called console:

>>> from console.utils import wait_key

>>> wait_key()
'h'
2020/04/10

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/983354
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