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Sending data back to the Main Activity in Android


Question

I have two activities: main activity and child activity.
When I press a button in the main activity, the child activity is launched.

Now I want to send some data back to the main screen. I used the Bundle class, but it is not working. It throws some runtime exceptions.

Is there any solution for this?

2017/10/31
1
301
10/31/2017 10:20:12 AM


Activity 1 uses startActivityForResult:

startActivityForResult(ActivityTwo, ActivityTwoRequestCode);

Activity 2 is launched and you can perform the operation, to close the Activity do this:

Intent output = new Intent();
output.putExtra(ActivityOne.Number1Code, num1);
output.putExtra(ActivityOne.Number2Code, num2);
setResult(RESULT_OK, output);
finish();

Activity 1 - returning from the previous activity will call onActivityResult:

@Override
protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
    if (requestCode == ActivityTwoRequestCode && resultCode == RESULT_OK && data != null) {
        num1 = data.getIntExtra(Number1Code);
        num2 = data.getIntExtra(Number2Code);
    }
}

UPDATE: Answer to Seenu69's comment, In activity two,

int result = Integer.parse(EditText1.getText().toString()) 
           + Integer.parse(EditText2.getText().toString());
output.putExtra(ActivityOne.KEY_RESULT, result);

Then in activity one,

int result = data.getExtra(KEY_RESULT);
2019/02/19

Sending Data Back

It helps me to see things in context. Here is a complete simple project for sending data back. Rather than providing the xml layout files, here is an image.

enter image description here

Main Activity

  • Start the Second Activity with startActivityForResult, providing it an arbitrary result code.
  • Override onActivityResult. This is called when the Second Activity finishes. You can make sure that it is actually the Second Activity by checking the request code. (This is useful when you are starting multiple different activities from the same main activity.)
  • Extract the data you got from the return Intent. The data is extracted using a key-value pair.

MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static final int SECOND_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE = 0;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    }

    // "Go to Second Activity" button click
    public void onButtonClick(View view) {

        // Start the SecondActivity
        Intent intent = new Intent(this, SecondActivity.class);
        startActivityForResult(intent, SECOND_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE);
    }

    // This method is called when the second activity finishes
    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);

        // Check that it is the SecondActivity with an OK result
        if (requestCode == SECOND_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE) {
            if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {

                // Get String data from Intent
                String returnString = data.getStringExtra("keyName");

                // Set text view with string
                TextView textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView);
                textView.setText(returnString);
            }
        }
    }
}

Second Activity

  • Put the data that you want to send back to the previous activity into an Intent. The data is stored in the Intent using a key-value pair.
  • Set the result to RESULT_OK and add the intent holding your data.
  • Call finish() to close the Second Activity.

SecondActivity.java

public class SecondActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_second);
    }

    // "Send text back" button click
    public void onButtonClick(View view) {

        // Get the text from the EditText
        EditText editText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText);
        String stringToPassBack = editText.getText().toString();

        // Put the String to pass back into an Intent and close this activity
        Intent intent = new Intent();
        intent.putExtra("keyName", stringToPassBack);
        setResult(RESULT_OK, intent);
        finish();
    }
}

Other notes

  • If you are in a Fragment it won't know the meaning of RESULT_OK. Just use the full name: Activity.RESULT_OK.

See also

2018/11/13

FirstActivity uses startActivityForResult:

Intent intent = new Intent(MainActivity.this,SecondActivity.class);
startActivityForResult(intent, int requestCode); // suppose requestCode == 2

@Override
protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data)
{
    super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
    if (requestCode == 2)
    {
        String message=data.getStringExtra("MESSAGE");
    }
}

On SecondActivity call setResult() onClick events or onBackPressed()

Intent intent=new Intent();
intent.putExtra("MESSAGE",message);
setResult(Activity.RESULT_OK, intent);
2020/06/19

Call the child activity Intent using the startActivityForResult() method call

There is an example of this here: http://developer.android.com/training/notepad/notepad-ex2.html

and in the "Returning a Result from a Screen" of this: http://developer.android.com/guide/faq/commontasks.html#opennewscreen

2012/09/11

I have created simple demo class for your better reference.

FirstActivity.java

 public class FirstActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static final String TAG = FirstActivity.class.getSimpleName();
    private static final int REQUEST_CODE = 101;
    private Button btnMoveToNextScreen;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        btnMoveToNextScreen = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnMoveToNext);
        btnMoveToNextScreen.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent mIntent = new Intent(FirstActivity.this, SecondActivity.class);
                startActivityForResult(mIntent, REQUEST_CODE);
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);

        if(resultCode == RESULT_OK){
            if(requestCode == REQUEST_CODE && data !=null) {
                String strMessage = data.getStringExtra("keyName");
                Log.i(TAG, "onActivityResult: message >>" + strMessage);
            }
        }

    }
}

And here is SecondActivity.java

public class SecondActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static final String TAG = SecondActivity.class.getSimpleName();
    private Button btnMoveToPrevious;
    private EditText editText;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_second);

        editText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText);

        btnMoveToPrevious = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnMoveToPrevious);
        btnMoveToPrevious.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {

                String message = editText.getEditableText().toString();

                Intent mIntent = new Intent();
                mIntent.putExtra("keyName", message);
                setResult(RESULT_OK, mIntent);
                finish();

            }
        });

    }
}
2019/01/14

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/920306
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