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Find object by id in an array of JavaScript objects


Question

I've got an array:

myArray = [{'id':'73','foo':'bar'},{'id':'45','foo':'bar'}, etc.]

I'm unable to change the structure of the array. I'm being passed an id of 45, and I want to get 'bar' for that object in the array.

How do I do this in JavaScript or using jQuery?

2020/06/18
1
1601
6/18/2020 12:06:47 AM

Accepted Answer

Use the find() method:

myArray.find(x => x.id === '45').foo;

From MDN:

The find() method returns the first value in the array, if an element in the array satisfies the provided testing function. Otherwise undefined is returned.


If you want to find its index instead, use findIndex():

myArray.findIndex(x => x.id === '45');

From MDN:

The findIndex() method returns the index of the first element in the array that satisfies the provided testing function. Otherwise -1 is returned.


If you want to get an array of matching elements, use the filter() method instead:

myArray.filter(x => x.id === '45');

This will return an array of objects. If you want to get an array of foo properties, you can do this with the map() method:

myArray.filter(x => x.id === '45').map(x => x.foo);

Side note: methods like find() or filter(), and arrow functions are not supported by older browsers (like IE), so if you want to support these browsers, you should transpile your code using Babel (with the polyfill).

1288
6/17/2019 10:15:31 AM


Another solution is to create a lookup object:

var lookup = {};
for (var i = 0, len = array.length; i < len; i++) {
    lookup[array[i].id] = array[i];
}

... now you can use lookup[id]...

This is especially interesting if you need to do many lookups.

This won't need much more memory since the IDs and objects will be shared.

2011/09/09

ECMAScript 2015 provides the find() method on arrays:

var myArray = [
 {id:1, name:"bob"},
 {id:2, name:"dan"},
 {id:3, name:"barb"},
]

// grab the Array item which matchs the id "2"
var item = myArray.find(item => item.id === 2);

// print
console.log(item.name);

It works without external libraries. But if you want older browser support you might want to include this polyfill.

2017/09/10

Underscore.js has a nice method for that:

myArray = [{'id':'73','foo':'bar'},{'id':'45','foo':'bar'},etc.]
obj = _.find(myArray, function(obj) { return obj.id == '45' })
2012/11/22

I think the easiest way would be the following, but it won't work on Internet Explorer 8 (or earlier):

var result = myArray.filter(function(v) {
    return v.id === '45'; // Filter out the appropriate one
})[0].foo; // Get result and access the foo property
2016/01/01

Try the following

function findById(source, id) {
  for (var i = 0; i < source.length; i++) {
    if (source[i].id === id) {
      return source[i];
    }
  }
  throw "Couldn't find object with id: " + id;
}
2011/09/09

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/7364150
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