Advertisement
Advertisement


Explicitly select items from a list or tuple


Question

I have the following Python list (can also be a tuple):

myList = ['foo', 'bar', 'baz', 'quux']

I can say

>>> myList[0:3]
['foo', 'bar', 'baz']
>>> myList[::2]
['foo', 'baz']
>>> myList[1::2]
['bar', 'quux']

How do I explicitly pick out items whose indices have no specific patterns? For example, I want to select [0,2,3]. Or from a very big list of 1000 items, I want to select [87, 342, 217, 998, 500]. Is there some Python syntax that does that? Something that looks like:

>>> myBigList[87, 342, 217, 998, 500]
2019/12/04
1
123
12/4/2019 10:47:42 PM

Accepted Answer

list( myBigList[i] for i in [87, 342, 217, 998, 500] )

I compared the answers with python 2.5.2:

  • 19.7 usec: [ myBigList[i] for i in [87, 342, 217, 998, 500] ]

  • 20.6 usec: map(myBigList.__getitem__, (87, 342, 217, 998, 500))

  • 22.7 usec: itemgetter(87, 342, 217, 998, 500)(myBigList)

  • 24.6 usec: list( myBigList[i] for i in [87, 342, 217, 998, 500] )

Note that in Python 3, the 1st was changed to be the same as the 4th.


Another option would be to start out with a numpy.array which allows indexing via a list or a numpy.array:

>>> import numpy
>>> myBigList = numpy.array(range(1000))
>>> myBigList[(87, 342, 217, 998, 500)]
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
IndexError: invalid index
>>> myBigList[[87, 342, 217, 998, 500]]
array([ 87, 342, 217, 998, 500])
>>> myBigList[numpy.array([87, 342, 217, 998, 500])]
array([ 87, 342, 217, 998, 500])

The tuple doesn't work the same way as those are slices.

2015/11/25
153
11/25/2015 5:32:31 PM

What about this:

from operator import itemgetter
itemgetter(0,2,3)(myList)
('foo', 'baz', 'quux')
2011/07/09

It isn't built-in, but you can make a subclass of list that takes tuples as "indexes" if you'd like:

class MyList(list):

    def __getitem__(self, index):
        if isinstance(index, tuple):
            return [self[i] for i in index]
        return super(MyList, self).__getitem__(index)


seq = MyList("foo bar baaz quux mumble".split())
print seq[0]
print seq[2,4]
print seq[1::2]

printing

foo
['baaz', 'mumble']
['bar', 'quux']
2011/07/09

Maybe a list comprehension is in order:

L = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f']
print [ L[index] for index in [1,3,5] ]

Produces:

['b', 'd', 'f']

Is that what you are looking for?

2011/07/09

>>> map(myList.__getitem__, (2,2,1,3))
('baz', 'baz', 'bar', 'quux')

You can also create your own List class which supports tuples as arguments to __getitem__ if you want to be able to do myList[(2,2,1,3)].

2011/07/09

I just want to point out, even syntax of itemgetter looks really neat, but it's kinda slow when perform on large list.

import timeit
from operator import itemgetter
start=timeit.default_timer()
for i in range(1000000):
    itemgetter(0,2,3)(myList)
print ("Itemgetter took ", (timeit.default_timer()-start))

Itemgetter took 1.065209062149279

start=timeit.default_timer()
for i in range(1000000):
    myList[0],myList[2],myList[3]
print ("Multiple slice took ", (timeit.default_timer()-start))

Multiple slice took 0.6225321444745759

2016/11/01

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6632188
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Email: [email protected]