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Adding gif image in an ImageView in android


Question

I added an animated gif image in an imageView. I am not able to view it as a gif image. No animation is there. It's appearing just as a still image. I would like to know how can i show it as a gif image.

2012/05/25
1
137
5/25/2012 12:37:46 PM

Accepted Answer

First, copy your GIF image into Asset Folder of your app create following classes and paste the code AnimationActivity: -

public class AnimationActivity extends Activity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    InputStream stream = null;
    try {
        stream = getAssets().open("piggy.gif");
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
          GifWebView view = new GifWebView(this, "file:///android_asset    /piggy.gif");                 

    setContentView(view);
}
}

GifDecoder:-

public class GifDecoder {

    public static final int STATUS_OK = 0;

    public static final int STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR = 1;

    public static final int STATUS_OPEN_ERROR = 2;

    protected static final int MAX_STACK_SIZE = 4096;
    protected InputStream in;
    protected int status;
    protected int width; // full image width
    protected int height; // full image height
    protected boolean gctFlag; // global color table used
    protected int gctSize; // size of global color table
    protected int loopCount = 1; // iterations; 0 = repeat forever
    protected int[] gct; // global color table
    protected int[] lct; // local color table
    protected int[] act; // active color table
    protected int bgIndex; // background color index
    protected int bgColor; // background color
    protected int lastBgColor; // previous bg color
    protected int pixelAspect; // pixel aspect ratio
    protected boolean lctFlag; // local color table flag
    protected boolean interlace; // interlace flag
    protected int lctSize; // local color table size
    protected int ix, iy, iw, ih; // current image rectangle
    protected int lrx, lry, lrw, lrh;
    protected Bitmap image; // current frame
    protected Bitmap lastBitmap; // previous frame
    protected byte[] block = new byte[256]; // current data block
    protected int blockSize = 0; // block size last graphic control extension info
    protected int dispose = 0; // 0=no action; 1=leave in place; 2=restore to bg; 3=restore to prev
    protected int lastDispose = 0;
    protected boolean transparency = false; // use transparent color
    protected int delay = 0; // delay in milliseconds
    protected int transIndex; // transparent color index
    // LZW decoder working arrays
    protected short[] prefix;
    protected byte[] suffix;
    protected byte[] pixelStack;
    protected byte[] pixels;
    protected Vector<GifFrame> frames; // frames read from current file
    protected int frameCount;

    private static class GifFrame {
            public GifFrame(Bitmap im, int del) {
                    image = im;
                    delay = del;
            }

            public Bitmap image;
            public int delay;
    }


    public int getDelay(int n) {
            delay = -1;
            if ((n >= 0) && (n < frameCount)) {
                    delay = frames.elementAt(n).delay;
            }
            return delay;
    }


    public int getFrameCount() {
            return frameCount;
    }


    public Bitmap getBitmap() {
            return getFrame(0);
    }


    public int getLoopCount() {
            return loopCount;
    }
    protected void setPixels() {

            int[] dest = new int[width * height];

            if (lastDispose > 0) {
                    if (lastDispose == 3) {
                            // use image before last
                            int n = frameCount - 2;
                            if (n > 0) {
                                    lastBitmap = getFrame(n - 1);
                            } else {
                                    lastBitmap = null;
                            }
                    }
                    if (lastBitmap != null) {
                            lastBitmap.getPixels(dest, 0, width, 0, 0, width, height);
                            if (lastDispose == 2) {
                                    // fill last image rect area with background color
                                    int c = 0;
                                    if (!transparency) {
                                            c = lastBgColor;
                                    }
                                    for (int i = 0; i < lrh; i++) {
                                            int n1 = (lry + i) * width + lrx;
                                            int n2 = n1 + lrw;
                                            for (int k = n1; k < n2; k++) {
                                                    dest[k] = c;
                                            }
                                    }
                            }
                    }
            }
            int pass = 1;
            int inc = 8;
            int iline = 0;
            for (int i = 0; i < ih; i++) {
                    int line = i;
                    if (interlace) {
                            if (iline >= ih) {
                                    pass++;
                                    switch (pass) {
                                    case 2:
                                            iline = 4;
                                            break;
                                    case 3:
                                            iline = 2;
                                            inc = 4;
                                            break;
                                    case 4:
                                            iline = 1;
                                            inc = 2;
                                            break;
                                    default:
                                            break;
                                    }
                            }
                            line = iline;
                            iline += inc;
                    }
                    line += iy;
                    if (line < height) {
                            int k = line * width;
                            int dx = k + ix; // start of line in dest
                            int dlim = dx + iw; // end of dest line
                            if ((k + width) < dlim) {
                                    dlim = k + width; // past dest edge
                            }
                            int sx = i * iw; // start of line in source
                            while (dx < dlim) {
                                    // map color and insert in destination
                                    int index = ((int) pixels[sx++]) & 0xff;
                                    int c = act[index];
                                    if (c != 0) {
                                            dest[dx] = c;
                                    }
                                    dx++;
                            }
                    }
            }
            image = Bitmap.createBitmap(dest, width, height, Config.ARGB_4444);
    }
    public Bitmap getFrame(int n) {
            if (frameCount <= 0)
                    return null;
            n = n % frameCount;
            return ((GifFrame) frames.elementAt(n)).image;
    }
    public int read(InputStream is) {
            init();
            if (is != null) {
                    in = is;
                    readHeader();
                    if (!err()) {
                            readContents();
                            if (frameCount < 0) {
                                    status = STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR;
                            }
                    }
            } else {
                    status = STATUS_OPEN_ERROR;
            }
            try {
                    is.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
            return status;
    }      
    protected void decodeBitmapData() {
            int nullCode = -1;
            int npix = iw * ih;
            int available, clear, code_mask, code_size, end_of_information, in_code, old_code, bits, code, count, i, datum, data_size, first, top, bi, pi;
            if ((pixels == null) || (pixels.length < npix)) {
                    pixels = new byte[npix]; // allocate new pixel array
            }
            if (prefix == null) {
                    prefix = new short[MAX_STACK_SIZE];
            }
            if (suffix == null) {
                    suffix = new byte[MAX_STACK_SIZE];
            }
            if (pixelStack == null) {
                    pixelStack = new byte[MAX_STACK_SIZE + 1];
            }                
            data_size = read();
            clear = 1 << data_size;
            end_of_information = clear + 1;
            available = clear + 2;
            old_code = nullCode;
            code_size = data_size + 1;
            code_mask = (1 << code_size) - 1;
            for (code = 0; code < clear; code++) {
                    prefix[code] = 0; // XXX ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException
                    suffix[code] = (byte) code;
            }               
            datum = bits = count = first = top = pi = bi = 0;
            for (i = 0; i < npix;) {
                    if (top == 0) {
                            if (bits < code_size) {
                                    // Load bytes until there are enough bits for a code.
                                    if (count == 0) {
                                            // Read a new data block.
                                            count = readBlock();
                                            if (count <= 0) {
                                                    break;
                                            }
                                            bi = 0;
                                    }
                                    datum += (((int) block[bi]) & 0xff) << bits;
                                    bits += 8;
                                    bi++;
                                    count--;
                                    continue;
                            }                               
                            code = datum & code_mask;
                            datum >>= code_size;
                            bits -= code_size;                               
                            if ((code > available) || (code == end_of_information)) {
                                    break;
                            }
                            if (code == clear) {
                                    // Reset decoder.
                                    code_size = data_size + 1;
                                    code_mask = (1 << code_size) - 1;
                                    available = clear + 2;
                                    old_code = nullCode;
                                    continue;
                            }
                            if (old_code == nullCode) {
                                    pixelStack[top++] = suffix[code];
                                    old_code = code;
                                    first = code;
                                    continue;
                            }
                            in_code = code;
                            if (code == available) {
                                    pixelStack[top++] = (byte) first;
                                    code = old_code;
                            }
                            while (code > clear) {
                                    pixelStack[top++] = suffix[code];
                                    code = prefix[code];
                            }
                            first = ((int) suffix[code]) & 0xff;
                            if (available >= MAX_STACK_SIZE) {
                                    break;
                            }
                            pixelStack[top++] = (byte) first;
                            prefix[available] = (short) old_code;
                            suffix[available] = (byte) first;
                            available++;
                            if (((available & code_mask) == 0) && (available < MAX_STACK_SIZE)) {
                                    code_size++;
                                    code_mask += available;
                            }
                            old_code = in_code;
                    }
                    // Pop a pixel off the pixel stack.
                    top--;
                    pixels[pi++] = pixelStack[top];
                    i++;
            }
            for (i = pi; i < npix; i++) {
                    pixels[i] = 0; // clear missing pixels
            }
    }        
    protected boolean err() {
            return status != STATUS_OK;
    }       
    protected void init() {
            status = STATUS_OK;
            frameCount = 0;
            frames = new Vector<GifFrame>();
            gct = null;
            lct = null;
    }        
    protected int read() {
            int curByte = 0;
            try {
                    curByte = in.read();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                    status = STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR;
            }
            return curByte;
    }       
    protected int readBlock() {
            blockSize = read();
            int n = 0;
            if (blockSize > 0) {
                    try {
                            int count = 0;
                            while (n < blockSize) {
                                    count = in.read(block, n, blockSize - n);
                                    if (count == -1) {
                                            break;
                                    }
                                    n += count;
                            }
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                            e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                    if (n < blockSize) {
                            status = STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR;
                    }
            }
            return n;
    }        
    protected int[] readColorTable(int ncolors) {
            int nbytes = 3 * ncolors;
            int[] tab = null;
            byte[] c = new byte[nbytes];
            int n = 0;
            try {
                    n = in.read(c);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
            }
            if (n < nbytes) {
                    status = STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR;
            } else {
                    tab = new int[256]; // max size to avoid bounds checks
                    int i = 0;
                    int j = 0;
                    while (i < ncolors) {
                            int r = ((int) c[j++]) & 0xff;
                            int g = ((int) c[j++]) & 0xff;
                            int b = ((int) c[j++]) & 0xff;
                            tab[i++] = 0xff000000 | (r << 16) | (g << 8) | b;
                    }
            }
            return tab;
    }       
    protected void readContents() {
            // read GIF file content blocks
            boolean done = false;
            while (!(done || err())) {
                    int code = read();
                    switch (code) {
                    case 0x2C: // image separator
                            readBitmap();
                            break;
                    case 0x21: // extension
                            code = read();
                            switch (code) {
                            case 0xf9: // graphics control extension
                                    readGraphicControlExt();
                                    break;
                            case 0xff: // application extension
                                    readBlock();
                                    String app = "";
                                    for (int i = 0; i < 11; i++) {
                                            app += (char) block[i];
                                    }
                                    if (app.equals("NETSCAPE2.0")) {
                                            readNetscapeExt();
                                    } else {
                                            skip(); // don't care
                                    }
                                    break;
                            case 0xfe:// comment extension
                                    skip();
                                    break;
                            case 0x01:// plain text extension
                                    skip();
                                    break;
                            default: // uninteresting extension
                                    skip();
                            }
                            break;
                    case 0x3b: // terminator
                            done = true;
                            break;
                    case 0x00: // bad byte, but keep going and see what happens break;
                    default:
                            status = STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR;
                    }
            }
    }      
    protected void readGraphicControlExt() {
            read(); // block size
            int packed = read(); // packed fields
            dispose = (packed & 0x1c) >> 2; // disposal method
            if (dispose == 0) {
                    dispose = 1; // elect to keep old image if discretionary
            }
            transparency = (packed & 1) != 0;
            delay = readShort() * 10; // delay in milliseconds
            transIndex = read(); // transparent color index
            read(); // block terminator
    }       
    protected void readHeader() {
            String id = "";
            for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
                    id += (char) read();
            }
            if (!id.startsWith("GIF")) {
                    status = STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR;
                    return;
            }
            readLSD();
            if (gctFlag && !err()) {
                    gct = readColorTable(gctSize);
                    bgColor = gct[bgIndex];
            }
    }        
    protected void readBitmap() {
            ix = readShort(); // (sub)image position & size
            iy = readShort();
            iw = readShort();
            ih = readShort();
            int packed = read();
            lctFlag = (packed & 0x80) != 0; // 1 - local color table flag interlace
            lctSize = (int) Math.pow(2, (packed & 0x07) + 1);
            interlace = (packed & 0x40) != 0;
            if (lctFlag) {
                    lct = readColorTable(lctSize); // read table
                    act = lct; // make local table active
            } else {
                    act = gct; // make global table active
                    if (bgIndex == transIndex) {
                            bgColor = 0;
                    }
            }
            int save = 0;
            if (transparency) {
                    save = act[transIndex];
                    act[transIndex] = 0; // set transparent color if specified
            }
            if (act == null) {
                    status = STATUS_FORMAT_ERROR; // no color table defined
            }
            if (err()) {
                    return;
            }
            decodeBitmapData(); // decode pixel data
            skip();
            if (err()) {
                    return;
            }
            frameCount++;
            // create new image to receive frame data
            image = Bitmap.createBitmap(width, height, Config.ARGB_4444);
            setPixels(); // transfer pixel data to image
            frames.addElement(new GifFrame(image, delay)); // add image to frame
            // list
            if (transparency) {
                    act[transIndex] = save;
            }
            resetFrame();
    }
    protected void readLSD() {
            // logical screen size
            width = readShort();
            height = readShort();
            // packed fields
            int packed = read();
            gctFlag = (packed & 0x80) != 0; // 1 : global color table flag
            // 2-4 : color resolution
            // 5 : gct sort flag
            gctSize = 2 << (packed & 7); // 6-8 : gct size
            bgIndex = read(); // background color index
            pixelAspect = read(); // pixel aspect ratio
    }       
    protected void readNetscapeExt() {
            do {
                    readBlock();
                    if (block[0] == 1) {
                            // loop count sub-block
                            int b1 = ((int) block[1]) & 0xff;
                            int b2 = ((int) block[2]) & 0xff;
                            loopCount = (b2 << 8) | b1;
                    }
            } while ((blockSize > 0) && !err());
    }       
    protected int readShort() {
            // read 16-bit value, LSB first
            return read() | (read() << 8);
    }
    protected void resetFrame() {
            lastDispose = dispose;
            lrx = ix;
            lry = iy;
            lrw = iw;
            lrh = ih;
            lastBitmap = image;
            lastBgColor = bgColor;
            dispose = 0;
            transparency = false;
            delay = 0;
            lct = null;
    }
    protected void skip() {
            do {
                    readBlock();
            } while ((blockSize > 0) && !err());
    }
}

GifDecoderView:-

public class GifDecoderView extends ImageView {

private boolean mIsPlayingGif = false;

private GifDecoder mGifDecoder;

private Bitmap mTmpBitmap;

final Handler mHandler = new Handler();

final Runnable mUpdateResults = new Runnable() {
    public void run() {
        if (mTmpBitmap != null && !mTmpBitmap.isRecycled()) {
            GifDecoderView.this.setImageBitmap(mTmpBitmap);
        }
    }
};

public GifDecoderView(Context context, InputStream stream) {
    super(context);
    playGif(stream);
}

private void playGif(InputStream stream) {
    mGifDecoder = new GifDecoder();
    mGifDecoder.read(stream);

    mIsPlayingGif = true;

    new Thread(new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
            final int n = mGifDecoder.getFrameCount();
            final int ntimes = mGifDecoder.getLoopCount();
            int repetitionCounter = 0;
            do {
                for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
                    mTmpBitmap = mGifDecoder.getFrame(i);
                    int t = mGifDecoder.getDelay(i);
                    mHandler.post(mUpdateResults);
                    try {
                        Thread.sleep(t);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
                if(ntimes != 0) {
                    repetitionCounter ++;
                }
            } while (mIsPlayingGif && (repetitionCounter <= ntimes));
        }
    }).start();
}

public void stopRendering() {
    mIsPlayingGif = true;
}
}

GifMovieView:-

public class GifMovieView extends View {

private Movie mMovie;

private long mMoviestart;

public GifMovieView(Context context, InputStream stream) {
    super(context);

    mMovie = Movie.decodeStream(stream);        
}

@Override
protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
    canvas.drawColor(Color.TRANSPARENT);
    super.onDraw(canvas);
    final long now = SystemClock.uptimeMillis();

    if (mMoviestart == 0) { 
        mMoviestart = now;
    }

    final int relTime = (int)((now - mMoviestart) % mMovie.duration());
    mMovie.setTime(relTime);
    mMovie.draw(canvas, 10, 10);
    this.invalidate();
}
}

GifWebView:-

public class GifWebView extends WebView {

public GifWebView(Context context, String path) {
    super(context);        

    loadUrl(path);
}
}

I Think It Might Help You... :)

2019/06/10
80
6/10/2019 12:43:29 PM


Use VideoView.

Natively ImageView does not support animated image. You have two options to show animated gif file

  1. Use VideoView
  2. Use ImageView and Split the gif file into several parts and then apply animation to it
2012/07/13

with latest Glide library

use Gradle:

repositories {
  mavenCentral()
  google()
}

dependencies {
  implementation 'com.github.bumptech.glide:glide:4.8.0'
  annotationProcessor 'com.github.bumptech.glide:compiler:4.8.0'
}

in activity or fragment:

ImageView imageView = findViewById(R.id.imageView);

/* from internet*/
Glide.with(this)
        .load("https://media.giphy.com/media/98uBZTzlXMhkk/giphy.gif")
        .into(imageView);

/*from raw folder*/
Glide.with(this)
        .load(R.raw.giphy)
        .into(imageView);
2018/09/06

Showing GIF In Android

Create CustomGifView.java which extends View Class

 public class CustomGifView extends View {

 private InputStream gifInputStream;
 private Movie gifMovie;
 private int movieWidth, movieHeight;
 private long movieDuration;
 private long mMovieStart;

 public CustomGifView(Context context) {
  super(context);
  init(context);
 }

 public CustomGifView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
  super(context, attrs);
  init(context);
 }

 public CustomGifView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, 
   int defStyleAttr) {
  super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
  init(context);
 }

 private void init(Context context){
  setFocusable(true);
  gifInputStream = context.getResources()
    .openRawResource(R.drawable.YOUR_IMAGE);

  gifMovie = Movie.decodeStream(gifInputStream);
  movieWidth = gifMovie.width();
  movieHeight = gifMovie.height();
  movieDuration = gifMovie.duration();
 }

 @Override
 protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, 
   int heightMeasureSpec) {
  setMeasuredDimension(movieWidth, movieHeight);
 }

 public int getMovieWidth(){
  return movieWidth;
 }

 public int getMovieHeight(){
  return movieHeight;
 }

 public long getMovieDuration(){
  return movieDuration;
 }

 @Override
 protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {

  long now = android.os.SystemClock.uptimeMillis();
        if (mMovieStart == 0) {   // first time
            mMovieStart = now;
        }

        if (gifMovie != null) {

            int dur = gifMovie.duration();
            if (dur == 0) {
                dur = 1000;
            }

            int relTime = (int)((now - mMovieStart) % dur);

            gifMovie.setTime(relTime);

            gifMovie.draw(canvas, 0, 0);
            invalidate();

        }

 }

 }

Now call this class in your XML

 <Your_PackageName.CustomGifView
        android:id="@+id/gifview"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

N.P

Modify AndroidManifest.xml to turn OFF hardwareAccelerated.

 android:hardwareAccelerated="false"

Reference

Another Tricks

For animation functionality you may visit

http://developer.android.com/reference/android/graphics/drawable/AnimationDrawable.html

2015/06/14

I would suggest you to use Glide library. To use Glide you need to add this to add these dependencies

compile 'com.github.bumptech.glide:glide:3.7.0'
compile 'com.android.support:support-v4:23.4.0'

to your grandle (Module:app) file.

Then use this line of code to load your gif image

Glide.with(context).load(R.drawable.loading).asGif().diskCacheStrategy(DiskCacheStrategy.SOURCE).crossFade().into(loadingImageView);

More Information on Glide

2016/05/28

Based on Ahmad Dwaik 'Warlock's comment, I have tried the following code and it worked.

  1. Use a webview in your xml file, and adjust its position to the place where exactly you were trying to show you .gif image.
  2. In your activity initialise this small piece of webview like other views.
  3. place the .gif image in assets folder
  4. now load the image as if you are loading a url into webview like "diyaWebView1.loadUrl("file:///android_asset/www/diya.gif");"
  5. you can see your .gif image when you launch the application.

P.S : this things works if you .gif image fits your webview or viceversa else if the image is bigger than the webview the scrollbar gets enabled and user can scroll the image AKA webview. So we need to be careful when we use this, to give proper size to the webview as per image or edit the image that fits your webview.

2017/05/23

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6533942
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
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