Advertisement
Advertisement


Add a new item to a dictionary in Python


Question

I want to add an item to an existing dictionary in Python. For example, this is my dictionary:

default_data = {
            'item1': 1,
            'item2': 2,
}

I want to add a new item such that:

default_data = default_data + {'item3':3}

How can I achieve this?

2020/02/24
1
579
2/24/2020 3:47:40 PM

Accepted Answer

default_data['item3'] = 3

Easy as py.

Another possible solution:

default_data.update({'item3': 3})

which is nice if you want to insert multiple items at once.

2011/06/20
1229
6/20/2011 7:08:11 PM

It can be as simple as:

default_data['item3'] = 3

As Chris' answer says, you can use update to add more than one item. An example:

default_data.update({'item4': 4, 'item5': 5})

Please see the documentation about dictionaries as data structures and dictionaries as built-in types.

2020/02/24

It occurred to me that you may have actually be asking how to implement the + operator for dictionaries, the following seems to work:

>>> class Dict(dict):
...     def __add__(self, other):
...         copy = self.copy()
...         copy.update(other)
...         return copy
...     def __radd__(self, other):
...         copy = other.copy()
...         copy.update(self)
...         return copy
... 
>>> default_data = Dict({'item1': 1, 'item2': 2})
>>> default_data + {'item3': 3}
{'item2': 2, 'item3': 3, 'item1': 1}
>>> {'test1': 1} + Dict(test2=2)
{'test1': 1, 'test2': 2}

Note that this is more overhead then using dict[key] = value or dict.update(), so I would recommend against using this solution unless you intend to create a new dictionary anyway.

2011/06/20

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6416131
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Email: [email protected]