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Pure JavaScript Send POST Data Without a Form


Question

Is there a way to send data using the POST method without a form and without refreshing the page using only pure JavaScript (not jQuery $.post())? Maybe httprequest or something else (just can't find it now)?

2019/03/21
1
147
3/21/2019 1:43:11 AM


The [new-ish at the time of writing in 2017] Fetch API is intended to make GET requests easy, but it is able to POST as well.

let data = {element: "barium"};

fetch("/post/data/here", {
  method: "POST", 
  body: JSON.stringify(data)
}).then(res => {
  console.log("Request complete! response:", res);
});

If you are as lazy as me (or just prefer a shortcut/helper):

window.post = function(url, data) {
  return fetch(url, {method: "POST", body: JSON.stringify(data)});
}

// ...

post("post/data/here", {element: "osmium"});
2020/02/22

You can use the XMLHttpRequest object as follows:

xhr.open("POST", url, true);
xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8");
xhr.send(someStuff);

That code would post someStuff to url. Just make sure that when you create your XMLHttpRequest object, it will be cross-browser compatible. There are endless examples out there of how to do that.

2011/06/18

Also, RESTful lets you get data back from a POST request.

JS (put in static/hello.html to serve via Python):

<html><head><meta charset="utf-8"/></head><body>
Hello.

<script>

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("POST", "/postman", true);
xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');
xhr.send(JSON.stringify({
    value: 'value'
}));
xhr.onload = function() {
  console.log("HELLO")
  console.log(this.responseText);
  var data = JSON.parse(this.responseText);
  console.log(data);
}

</script></body></html>

Python server (for testing):

import time, threading, socket, SocketServer, BaseHTTPServer
import os, traceback, sys, json


log_lock           = threading.Lock()
log_next_thread_id = 0

# Local log functiondef


def Log(module, msg):
    with log_lock:
        thread = threading.current_thread().__name__
        msg    = "%s %s: %s" % (module, thread, msg)
        sys.stderr.write(msg + '\n')

def Log_Traceback():
    t   = traceback.format_exc().strip('\n').split('\n')
    if ', in ' in t[-3]:
        t[-3] = t[-3].replace(', in','\n***\n***  In') + '(...):'
        t[-2] += '\n***'
    err = '\n***  '.join(t[-3:]).replace('"','').replace(' File ', '')
    err = err.replace(', line',':')
    Log("Traceback", '\n'.join(t[:-3]) + '\n\n\n***\n*** ' + err + '\n***\n\n')

    os._exit(4)

def Set_Thread_Label(s):
    global log_next_thread_id
    with log_lock:
        threading.current_thread().__name__ = "%d%s" \
            % (log_next_thread_id, s)
        log_next_thread_id += 1


class Handler(BaseHTTPServer.BaseHTTPRequestHandler):

    def do_GET(self):
        Set_Thread_Label(self.path + "[get]")
        try:
            Log("HTTP", "PATH='%s'" % self.path)
            with open('static' + self.path) as f:
                data = f.read()
            Log("Static", "DATA='%s'" % data)
            self.send_response(200)
            self.send_header("Content-type", "text/html")
            self.end_headers()
            self.wfile.write(data)
        except:
            Log_Traceback()

    def do_POST(self):
        Set_Thread_Label(self.path + "[post]")
        try:
            length = int(self.headers.getheader('content-length'))
            req   = self.rfile.read(length)
            Log("HTTP", "PATH='%s'" % self.path)
            Log("URL", "request data = %s" % req)
            req = json.loads(req)
            response = {'req': req}
            response = json.dumps(response)
            Log("URL", "response data = %s" % response)
            self.send_response(200)
            self.send_header("Content-type", "application/json")
            self.send_header("content-length", str(len(response)))
            self.end_headers()
            self.wfile.write(response)
        except:
            Log_Traceback()


# Create ONE socket.
addr = ('', 8000)
sock = socket.socket (socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
sock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
sock.bind(addr)
sock.listen(5)

# Launch 100 listener threads.
class Thread(threading.Thread):
    def __init__(self, i):
        threading.Thread.__init__(self)
        self.i = i
        self.daemon = True
        self.start()
    def run(self):
        httpd = BaseHTTPServer.HTTPServer(addr, Handler, False)

        # Prevent the HTTP server from re-binding every handler.
        # https://stackoverflow.com/questions/46210672/
        httpd.socket = sock
        httpd.server_bind = self.server_close = lambda self: None

        httpd.serve_forever()
[Thread(i) for i in range(10)]
time.sleep(9e9)

Console log (chrome):

HELLO
hello.html:14 {"req": {"value": "value"}}
hello.html:16 
{req: {…}}
req
:
{value: "value"}
__proto__
:
Object

Console log (firefox):

GET 
http://XXXXX:8000/hello.html [HTTP/1.0 200 OK 0ms]
POST 
XHR 
http://XXXXX:8000/postman [HTTP/1.0 200 OK 0ms]
HELLO hello.html:13:3
{"req": {"value": "value"}} hello.html:14:3
Object { req: Object }

Console log (Edge):

HTML1300: Navigation occurred.
hello.html
HTML1527: DOCTYPE expected. Consider adding a valid HTML5 doctype: "<!DOCTYPE html>".
hello.html (1,1)
Current window: XXXXX/hello.html
HELLO
hello.html (13,3)
{"req": {"value": "value"}}
hello.html (14,3)
[object Object]
hello.html (16,3)
   {
      [functions]: ,
      __proto__: { },
      req: {
         [functions]: ,
         __proto__: { },
         value: "value"
      }
   }

Python log:

HTTP 8/postman[post]: PATH='/postman'
URL 8/postman[post]: request data = {"value":"value"}
URL 8/postman[post]: response data = {"req": {"value": "value"}}
2017/09/17

There is an easy method to wrap your data and send it to server as if you were sending an HTML form using POST. you can do that using FormData object as following:

data = new FormData()
data.set('Foo',1)
data.set('Bar','boo')

let request = new XMLHttpRequest();
request.open("POST", 'some_url/', true);
request.send(data)

now you can handle the data on the server-side just like the way you deal with reugular HTML Forms.

Additional Info

It is advised that you must not set Content-Type header when sending FormData since the browser will take care of that.

2020/01/01

You can use XMLHttpRequest, fetch API, ...

If you want to use XMLHttpRequest you can do the following

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("POST", url, true);
xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');
xhr.send(JSON.stringify({
    name: "Deska",
    email: "[email protected]",
    phone: "342234553"
 }));
xhr.onload = function() {
    var data = JSON.parse(this.responseText);
    console.log(data);
};

Or if you want to use fetch API

fetch(url, {
    method:"POST",
    body: JSON.stringify({
        name: "Deska",
        email: "[email protected]",
        phone: "342234553"
        })
    })
    .then(result => {
        // do something with the result
        console.log("Completed with result:", result);
    });
2020/04/12

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6396101
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