How to remove an element from a list by index
How do I remove an element from a list by index in Python?
I found the
list.remove method, but say I want to remove the last element, how do I do this? It seems like the default remove searches the list, but I don't want any search to be performed.
del and specify the index of the element you want to delete:
>>> a = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9] >>> del a[-1] >>> a [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
Also supports slices:
>>> del a[2:4] >>> a [0, 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
Here is the section from the tutorial.
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You probably want
a = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'] a.pop(1) # now a is ['a', 'c', 'd']
pop without any arguments removes the last item:
a = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'] a.pop() # now a is ['a', 'b', 'c']
Like others mentioned pop and del are the efficient ways to remove an item of given index. Yet just for the sake of completion (since the same thing can be done via many ways in Python):
Using slices (this does not do in place removal of item from original list):
(Also this will be the least efficient method when working with Python list, but this could be useful (but not efficient, I reiterate) when working with user defined objects that do not support pop, yet do define a
>>> a = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6] >>> index = 3 # Only positive index >>> a = a[:index] + a[index+1 :] # a is now [1, 2, 3, 5, 6]
Note: Please note that this method does not modify the list in place like
del. It instead makes two copies of lists (one from the start until the index but without it (
a[:index]) and one after the index till the last element (
a[index+1:])) and creates a new list object by adding both. This is then reassigned to the list variable (
a). The old list object is hence dereferenced and hence garbage collected (provided the original list object is not referenced by any variable other than a).
This makes this method very inefficient and it can also produce undesirable side effects (especially when other variables point to the original list object which remains un-modified).
Thanks to @MarkDickinson for pointing this out ...
This Stack Overflow answer explains the concept of slicing.
Also note that this works only with positive indices.
While using with objects, the
__getitem__ method must have been defined and more importantly the
__add__ method must have been defined to return an object containing items from both the operands.
In essence, this works with any object whose class definition is like:
class foo(object): def __init__(self, items): self.items = items def __getitem__(self, index): return foo(self.items[index]) def __add__(self, right): return foo( self.items + right.items )
This works with
list which defines
Comparison of the three ways in terms of efficiency:
Assume the following is predefined:
a = range(10) index = 3
del object[index] method:
By far the most efficient method. It works will all objects that define a
The disassembly is as follows:
def del_method(): global a global index del a[index]
10 0 LOAD_GLOBAL 0 (a) 3 LOAD_GLOBAL 1 (index) 6 DELETE_SUBSCR # This is the line that deletes the item 7 LOAD_CONST 0 (None) 10 RETURN_VALUE None
It is less efficient than the del method and is used when you need to get the deleted item.
def pop_method(): global a global index a.pop(index)
17 0 LOAD_GLOBAL 0 (a) 3 LOAD_ATTR 1 (pop) 6 LOAD_GLOBAL 2 (index) 9 CALL_FUNCTION 1 12 POP_TOP 13 LOAD_CONST 0 (None) 16 RETURN_VALUE
The slice and add method.
The least efficient.
def slice_method(): global a global index a = a[:index] + a[index+1:]
24 0 LOAD_GLOBAL 0 (a) 3 LOAD_GLOBAL 1 (index) 6 SLICE+2 7 LOAD_GLOBAL 0 (a) 10 LOAD_GLOBAL 1 (index) 13 LOAD_CONST 1 (1) 16 BINARY_ADD 17 SLICE+1 18 BINARY_ADD 19 STORE_GLOBAL 0 (a) 22 LOAD_CONST 0 (None) 25 RETURN_VALUE None
Note: In all three disassembles ignore the last two lines which basically are
return None. Also the first two lines are loading the global values
If you want to remove the specific position element in a list, like the 2th, 3th and 7th. you can't use
del my_list del my_list del my_list
Since after you delete the second element, the third element you delete actually is the fourth element in the original list. You can filter the 2th, 3th and 7th element in the original list and get a new list, like below:
new list = [j for i, j in enumerate(my_list) if i not in [2, 3, 7]]
This depends on what you want to do.
If you want to return the element you removed, use
>>> l = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] >>> l.pop(2) 3 >>> l [1, 2, 4, 5]
However, if you just want to delete an element, use
>>> l = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] >>> del l >>> l [1, 2, 4, 5]
del allows you to use slices (e.g.