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hexadecimal string to byte array in python


Question

I have a long Hex string that represents a series of values of different types. I wish to convert this Hex String into a byte array so that I can shift each value out and convert it into its proper data type.

2011/04/13
1
154
4/13/2011 2:23:18 PM

Accepted Answer

Suppose your hex string is something like

>>> hex_string = "deadbeef"

Convert it to a string (Python ≤ 2.7):

>>> hex_data = hex_string.decode("hex")
>>> hex_data
"\xde\xad\xbe\xef"

or since Python 2.7 and Python 3.0:

>>> bytes.fromhex(hex_string)  # Python ≥ 3
b'\xde\xad\xbe\xef'

>>> bytearray.fromhex(hex_string)
bytearray(b'\xde\xad\xbe\xef')

Note that bytes is an immutable version of bytearray.

2018/07/25
244
7/25/2018 8:11:15 AM


provided I understood correctly, you should look for binascii.unhexlify

import binascii
a='45222e'
s=binascii.unhexlify(a)
b=[ord(x) for x in s]
2011/04/13

Assuming you have a byte string like so

"\x12\x45\x00\xAB"

and you know the amount of bytes and their type you can also use this approach

import struct

bytes = '\x12\x45\x00\xAB'
val = struct.unpack('<BBH', bytes)

#val = (18, 69, 43776)

As I specified little endian (using the '<' char) at the start of the format string the function returned the decimal equivalent.

0x12 = 18

0x45 = 69

0xAB00 = 43776

B is equal to one byte (8 bit) unsigned

H is equal to two bytes (16 bit) unsigned

More available characters and byte sizes can be found here

The advantages are..

You can specify more than one byte and the endian of the values

Disadvantages..

You really need to know the type and length of data your dealing with

2012/09/10

You should be able to build a string holding the binary data using something like:

data = "fef0babe"
bits = ""
for x in xrange(0, len(data), 2)
  bits += chr(int(data[x:x+2], 16))

This is probably not the fastest way (many string appends), but quite simple using only core Python.

2011/04/13

You can use the Codecs module in the Python Standard Library, i.e.

import codecs

codecs.decode(hexstring, 'hex_codec')
2019/08/22

def hex2bin(s):
    hex_table = ['0000', '0001', '0010', '0011',
                 '0100', '0101', '0110', '0111',
                 '1000', '1001', '1010', '1011',
                 '1100', '1101', '1110', '1111']
    bits = ''
    for i in range(len(s)):
        bits += hex_table[int(s[i], base=16)]
    return bits
2013/06/30

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5649407
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