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How do I convert a String to an int in Java?


Question

How can I convert a String to an int in Java?

My String contains only numbers, and I want to return the number it represents.

For example, given the string "1234" the result should be the number 1234.

2018/01/17
1
3077
1/17/2018 11:49:28 PM

Accepted Answer

String myString = "1234";
int foo = Integer.parseInt(myString);

If you look at the Java documentation you'll notice the "catch" is that this function can throw a NumberFormatException, which of course you have to handle:

int foo;
try {
   foo = Integer.parseInt(myString);
}
catch (NumberFormatException e)
{
   foo = 0;
}

(This treatment defaults a malformed number to 0, but you can do something else if you like.)

Alternatively, you can use an Ints method from the Guava library, which in combination with Java 8's Optional, makes for a powerful and concise way to convert a string into an int:

import com.google.common.primitives.Ints;

int foo = Optional.ofNullable(myString)
 .map(Ints::tryParse)
 .orElse(0)
2020/08/21
4146
8/21/2020 3:30:26 PM

For example, here are two ways:

Integer x = Integer.valueOf(str);
// or
int y = Integer.parseInt(str);

There is a slight difference between these methods:

  • valueOf returns a new or cached instance of java.lang.Integer
  • parseInt returns primitive int.

The same is for all cases: Short.valueOf/parseShort, Long.valueOf/parseLong, etc.

2015/06/30

Well, a very important point to consider is that the Integer parser throws NumberFormatException as stated in Javadoc.

int foo;
String StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot = "26263Hello"; //will throw exception
String StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot2 = "26263"; //will not throw exception
try {
      foo = Integer.parseInt(StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot);
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
      //Will Throw exception!
      //do something! anything to handle the exception.
}

try {
      foo = Integer.parseInt(StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot2);
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
      //No problem this time, but still it is good practice to care about exceptions.
      //Never trust user input :)
      //Do something! Anything to handle the exception.
}

It is important to handle this exception when trying to get integer values from split arguments or dynamically parsing something.

2016/02/16

Do it manually:

public static int strToInt(String str){
    int i = 0;
    int num = 0;
    boolean isNeg = false;

    // Check for negative sign; if it's there, set the isNeg flag
    if (str.charAt(0) == '-') {
        isNeg = true;
        i = 1;
    }

    // Process each character of the string;
    while( i < str.length()) {
        num *= 10;
        num += str.charAt(i++) - '0'; // Minus the ASCII code of '0' to get the value of the charAt(i++).
    }

    if (isNeg)
        num = -num;
    return num;
}
2020/08/21

An alternate solution is to use Apache Commons' NumberUtils:

int num = NumberUtils.toInt("1234");

The Apache utility is nice because if the string is an invalid number format then 0 is always returned. Hence saving you the try catch block.

Apache NumberUtils API Version 3.4

2016/03/05

Currently I'm doing an assignment for college, where I can't use certain expressions, such as the ones above, and by looking at the ASCII table, I managed to do it. It's a far more complex code, but it could help others that are restricted like I was.

The first thing to do is to receive the input, in this case, a string of digits; I'll call it String number, and in this case, I'll exemplify it using the number 12, therefore String number = "12";

Another limitation was the fact that I couldn't use repetitive cycles, therefore, a for cycle (which would have been perfect) can't be used either. This limits us a bit, but then again, that's the goal. Since I only needed two digits (taking the last two digits), a simple charAtsolved it:

 // Obtaining the integer values of the char 1 and 2 in ASCII
 int semilastdigitASCII = number.charAt(number.length() - 2);
 int lastdigitASCII = number.charAt(number.length() - 1);

Having the codes, we just need to look up at the table, and make the necessary adjustments:

 double semilastdigit = semilastdigitASCII - 48;  // A quick look, and -48 is the key
 double lastdigit = lastdigitASCII - 48;

Now, why double? Well, because of a really "weird" step. Currently we have two doubles, 1 and 2, but we need to turn it into 12, there isn't any mathematic operation that we can do.

We're dividing the latter (lastdigit) by 10 in the fashion 2/10 = 0.2 (hence why double) like this:

 lastdigit = lastdigit / 10;

This is merely playing with numbers. We were turning the last digit into a decimal. But now, look at what happens:

 double jointdigits = semilastdigit + lastdigit; // 1.0 + 0.2 = 1.2

Without getting too into the math, we're simply isolating units the digits of a number. You see, since we only consider 0-9, dividing by a multiple of 10 is like creating a "box" where you store it (think back at when your first grade teacher explained you what a unit and a hundred were). So:

 int finalnumber = (int) (jointdigits*10); // Be sure to use parentheses "()"

And there you go. You turned a String of digits (in this case, two digits), into an integer composed of those two digits, considering the following limitations:

  • No repetitive cycles
  • No "Magic" Expressions such as parseInt
2020/08/21

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5585779
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