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How can I format a number into a string with leading zeros?


Question

I have a number that I need to convert to a string. First I used this:

Key = i.ToString();

But I realize it's being sorted in a strange order and so I need to pad it with zeros. How could I do this?

2015/03/27
1
258
3/27/2015 9:51:09 AM

Accepted Answer

Rather simple:

Key = i.ToString("D2");

D stands for "decimal number", 2 for the number of digits to print.

2015/03/27
355
3/27/2015 9:52:33 AM


If you like to keep it fixed width, for example 10 digits, do it like this

Key = i.ToString("0000000000");

Replace with as many digits as you like.

i = 123 will then result in Key = "0000000123".

2018/02/28

Since nobody has yet mentioned this, if you are using C# version 6 or above (i.e. Visual Studio 2015) then you can use string interpolation to simplify your code. So instead of using string.Format(...), you can just do this:

Key = $"{i:D2}";
2016/04/10

use:

i.ToString("D10")

See Int32.ToString (MSDN), and Standard Numeric Format Strings (MSDN).

Or use String.PadLeft. For example,

int i = 321;
Key = i.ToString().PadLeft(10, '0');

Would result in 0000000321. Though String.PadLeft would not work for negative numbers.

See String.PadLeft (MSDN).

2015/05/08

Usually String.Format("format", object) is preferable to object.ToString("format"). Therefore,

String.Format("{0:00000}", 15);  

is preferable to,

Key = i.ToString("000000");
2013/04/16

Try:

Key = i.ToString("000000");

Personally, though, I'd see if you can't sort on the integer directly, rather than the string representation.

2011/03/24

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5418324
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