Advertisement
Advertisement


How to send an email using PHP?


Question

I am using PHP on a website and I want to add emailing functionality.

I have WAMPSERVER installed.

How do I send an email using PHP?

2016/02/10
1
318
2/10/2016 1:18:04 PM

Accepted Answer

Using PHP's mail() function it's possible. Remember mail function will not work on a Local server.

<?php
$to      = '[email protected]';
$subject = 'the subject';
$message = 'hello';
$headers = 'From: [email protected]' . "\r\n" .
    'Reply-To: [email protected]' . "\r\n" .
    'X-Mailer: PHP/' . phpversion();

mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers);
?> 

Reference:

2020/04/11
445
4/11/2020 8:47:39 PM

You could also use PHPMailer class at https://github.com/PHPMailer/PHPMailer .

It allows you to use the mail function or use an smtp server transparently. It also handles HTML based emails and attachments so you don't have to write your own implementation.

The class is stable and it is used by many other projects like Drupal, SugarCRM, Yii, and Joomla!

Here is an example from the page above:

<?php
require 'PHPMailerAutoload.php';

$mail = new PHPMailer;

$mail->isSMTP();                                      // Set mailer to use SMTP
$mail->Host = 'smtp1.example.com;smtp2.example.com';  // Specify main and backup SMTP servers
$mail->SMTPAuth = true;                               // Enable SMTP authentication
$mail->Username = '[email protected]';                 // SMTP username
$mail->Password = 'secret';                           // SMTP password
$mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls';                            // Enable encryption, 'ssl' also accepted

$mail->From = '[email protected]';
$mail->FromName = 'Mailer';
$mail->addAddress('[email protected]', 'Joe User');     // Add a recipient
$mail->addAddress('[email protected]');               // Name is optional
$mail->addReplyTo('[email protected]', 'Information');
$mail->addCC('[email protected]');
$mail->addBCC('[email protected]');

$mail->WordWrap = 50;                                 // Set word wrap to 50 characters
$mail->addAttachment('/var/tmp/file.tar.gz');         // Add attachments
$mail->addAttachment('/tmp/image.jpg', 'new.jpg');    // Optional name
$mail->isHTML(true);                                  // Set email format to HTML

$mail->Subject = 'Here is the subject';
$mail->Body    = 'This is the HTML message body <b>in bold!</b>';
$mail->AltBody = 'This is the body in plain text for non-HTML mail clients';

if(!$mail->send()) {
    echo 'Message could not be sent.';
    echo 'Mailer Error: ' . $mail->ErrorInfo;
} else {
    echo 'Message has been sent';
}
2015/11/23

If you are interested in html formatted email, make sure to pass Content-type: text/html; in the header. Example:

// multiple recipients
$to  = '[email protected]' . ', '; // note the comma
$to .= '[email protected]';

// subject
$subject = 'Birthday Reminders for August';

// message
$message = '
<html>
<head>
  <title>Birthday Reminders for August</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Here are the birthdays upcoming in August!</p>
  <table>
    <tr>
      <th>Person</th><th>Day</th><th>Month</th><th>Year</th>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Joe</td><td>3rd</td><td>August</td><td>1970</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Sally</td><td>17th</td><td>August</td><td>1973</td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</body>
</html>
';

// To send HTML mail, the Content-type header must be set
$headers  = 'MIME-Version: 1.0' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1' . "\r\n";

// Additional headers
$headers .= 'To: Mary <[email protected]>, Kelly <[email protected]>' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'From: Birthday Reminder <[email protected]>' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'Cc: [email protected]' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'Bcc: [email protected]' . "\r\n";

// Mail it
mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers);

For more details, check php mail function.

2013/09/20

Also look into the PEAR mail package Pear Mail Page

It seems to be a little more robust than the standard mail() function that is built in (if the standard function isn't adequate).

Here is an excerpt from this page showing how it is used. PEAR Mail send() usage

<?php
    include('Mail.php');

    $recipients = '[email protected]';

    $headers['From']    = '[email protected]';
    $headers['To']      = '[email protected]';
    $headers['Subject'] = 'Test message';

    $body = 'Test message';

    $smtpinfo["host"] = "smtp.server.com";
    $smtpinfo["port"] = "25";
    $smtpinfo["auth"] = true;
    $smtpinfo["username"] = "smtp_user";
    $smtpinfo["password"] = "smtp_password";


    // Create the mail object using the Mail::factory method
    $mail_object =& Mail::factory("smtp", $smtpinfo); 

    $mail_object->send($recipients, $headers, $body);
?> 
2011/03/17

For most projects, I use Swift mailer these days. It's a very flexible and elegant object-oriented approach to sending emails, created by the same people who gave us the popular Symfony framework and Twig template engine.


Basic usage :

require 'mail/swift_required.php';

$message = Swift_Message::newInstance()
    // The subject of your email
    ->setSubject('Jane Doe sends you a message')
    // The from address(es)
    ->setFrom(array('[email protected]' => 'Jane Doe'))
    // The to address(es)
    ->setTo(array('[email protected]' => 'Frank Stevens'))
    // Here, you put the content of your email
    ->setBody('<h3>New message</h3><p>Here goes the rest of my message</p>', 'text/html');

if (Swift_Mailer::newInstance(Swift_MailTransport::newInstance())->send($message)) {
    echo json_encode([
        "status" => "OK",
        "message" => 'Your message has been sent!'
    ], JSON_PRETTY_PRINT);
} else {
    echo json_encode([
        "status" => "error",
        "message" => 'Oops! Something went wrong!'
    ], JSON_PRETTY_PRINT);
}

See the official documentation for more info on how to use Swift mailer.

2020/06/20

this is very basic method to send plain text email using mail function.

<?php
$to = '[email protected]';
$subject = 'This is subject';
$message = 'This is body of email';
$from = "From: FirstName LastName <[email protected]>";
mail($to,$subject,$message,$from);
2014/08/17

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5335273
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Email: [email protected]