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Add string in a certain position in Python


Question

Is there any function in Python that I can use to insert a value in a certain position of a string?

Something like this:

"3655879ACB6" then in position 4 add "-" to become "3655-879ACB6"

2014/04/09
1
161
4/9/2014 5:40:21 AM

Accepted Answer

No. Python Strings are immutable.

>>> s='355879ACB6'
>>> s[4:4] = '-'
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
TypeError: 'str' object does not support item assignment

It is, however, possible to create a new string that has the inserted character:

>>> s[:4] + '-' + s[4:]
'3558-79ACB6'
279
4/14/2016 2:27:02 PM

This seems very easy:

>>> hash = "355879ACB6"
>>> hash = hash[:4] + '-' + hash[4:]
>>> print hash
3558-79ACB6

However if you like something like a function do as this:

def insert_dash(string, index):
    return string[:index] + '-' + string[index:]

print insert_dash("355879ACB6", 5)
2011/03/10

As strings are immutable another way to do this would be to turn the string into a list, which can then be indexed and modified without any slicing trickery. However, to get the list back to a string you'd have to use .join() using an empty string.

>>> hash = '355879ACB6'
>>> hashlist = list(hash)
>>> hashlist.insert(4, '-')
>>> ''.join(hashlist)
'3558-79ACB6'

I am not sure how this compares as far as performance, but I do feel it's easier on the eyes than the other solutions. ;-)

2011/03/10

Simple function to accomplish this:

def insert_str(string, str_to_insert, index):
    return string[:index] + str_to_insert + string[index:]
2017/03/16

I have made a very useful method to add a string in a certain position in Python:

def insertChar(mystring, position, chartoinsert ):
    longi = len(mystring)
    mystring   =  mystring[:position] + chartoinsert + mystring[position:] 
    return mystring  

for example:

a = "Jorgesys was here!"

def insertChar(mystring, position, chartoinsert ):
    longi = len(mystring)
    mystring   =  mystring[:position] + chartoinsert + mystring[position:] 
    return mystring   

#Inserting some characters with a defined position:    
print(insertChar(a,0, '-'))    
print(insertChar(a,9, '@'))    
print(insertChar(a,14, '%'))   

we will have as an output:

-Jorgesys was here!
Jorgesys @was here!
Jorgesys was h%ere!
2016/02/04

I think the above answers are fine, but I would explain that there are some unexpected-but-good side effects to them...

def insert(string_s, insert_s, pos_i=0):
    return string_s[:pos_i] + insert_s + string_s[pos_i:]

If the index pos_i is very small (too negative), the insert string gets prepended. If too long, the insert string gets appended. If pos_i is between -len(string_s) and +len(string_s) - 1, the insert string gets inserted into the correct place.

2020/02/07

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5254445
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