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Function is not defined - uncaught referenceerror


Question

I have this uncaught referenceerror function is not defined error which do not understand.

If I have

$(document).ready(function(){
 function codeAddress() {
  var address = document.getElementById("formatedAddress").value;
  geocoder.geocode( { 'address': address}, function(results, status) {
   if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
    map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
   }
  });
 }
});

and

<input type="image" src="btn.png" alt="" onclick="codeAddress()" />
<input type="text" name="formatedAddress" id="formatedAddress" value="" />

When I press the button it will return the "uncaught referenceerror".

But if I put the codeAddress() outside the $(document).ready(function(){} then it working fine.

My intention is put the codeAddress() within the document.ready.function.

2015/09/19
1
32
9/19/2015 10:05:16 AM

Accepted Answer

How about removing the onclick attribute and adding an ID:

<input type="image" src="btn.png" alt="" id="img-clck" />

And your script:

$(document).ready(function(){
    function codeAddress() {
        var address = document.getElementById("formatedAddress").value;
        geocoder.geocode( { 'address': address}, function(results, status) {
            if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
                map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
            }
        });
    }
    $("#img-clck").click(codeAddress);
});

This way if you need to change the function name or whatever no need to touch the html.

2011/02/21
40
2/21/2011 3:49:59 PM


Your issue here is that you're not understanding the scope that you're setting.

You are passing the ready function a function itself. Within this function, you're creating another function called codeAddress. This one exists within the scope that created it and not within the window object (where everything and its uncle could call it).

For example:

var myfunction = function(){
    var myVar = 12345;
};

console.log(myVar); // 'undefined' - since it is within 
                    // the scope of the function only.

Have a look here for a bit more on anonymous functions: http://www.adequatelygood.com/2010/3/JavaScript-Module-Pattern-In-Depth

Another thing is that I notice you're using jQuery on that page. This makes setting click handlers much easier and you don't need to go into the hassle of setting the 'onclick' attribute in the HTML. You also don't need to make the codeAddress method available to all:

$(function(){
    $("#imgid").click(function(){
        var address = $("#formatedAddress").value;
        geocoder.geocode( { 'address': address}, function(results, status) {
           if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
             map.setCenter(results[0].geometry.location);
           }
        });
    });  
});

(You should remove the existing onclick and add an ID to the image element that you want to handle)

Note that I've replaced $(document).ready() with its shortcut of just $() (http://api.jquery.com/ready/). Then the click method is used to assign a click handler to the element. I've also replaced your document.getElementById with the jQuery object.

2011/02/21

You must write that function body outside the ready();

because ready is used to call a function or to bind a function with binding id like this.

$(document).ready(function() {
    $("Some id/class name").click(function(){
        alert("i'm in");
    });
});

but you can't do this if you are calling "showAmount" function onchange/onclick event

$(document).ready(function() {
    function showAmount(value){
        alert(value);
    }

});

You have to write "showAmount" outside the ready();

function showAmount(value){
    alert(value);//will be called on event it is bind with
}
$(document).ready(function() {
    alert("will display on page load")
});
2012/08/17

Please check whether you have provided js references correctly. JQuery files first and then your custom files. Since you are using '$' in your js methods.

2017/07/08

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5067887
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