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Check if page gets reloaded or refreshed in JavaScript


Question

I want to check when someone tries to refresh a page.

For example, when I open a page nothing happens but when I refresh the page it should display an alert.

2019/08/14
1
194
8/14/2019 12:34:12 PM


First step is to check sessionStorage for some pre-defined value and if it exists alert user:

if (sessionStorage.getItem("is_reloaded")) alert('Reloaded!');

Second step is to set sessionStorage to some value (for example true):

sessionStorage.setItem("is_reloaded", true);

Session values kept until page is closed so it will work only if page reloaded in a new tab with the site. You can also keep reload count the same way.

2016/06/01

New standard 2018-now (PerformanceNavigationTiming)

window.performance.navigation property is deprecated in the Navigation Timing Level 2 specification. Please use the PerformanceNavigationTiming interface instead.

PerformanceNavigationTiming.type

This is an experimental technology.

Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

Support on 2019-07-08

The type read-only property returns a string representing the type of navigation. The value must be one of the following:

  • navigate — Navigation started by clicking a link, entering the URL in the browser's address bar, form submission, or initializing through a script operation other than reload and back_forward as listed below.

  • reload — Navigation is through the browser's reload operation or location.reload().

  • back_forward — Navigation is through the browser's history traversal operation.

  • prerender — Navigation is initiated by a prerender hint.

This property is Read only.

The following example illustrates this property's usage.

function print_nav_timing_data() {
  // Use getEntriesByType() to just get the "navigation" events
  var perfEntries = performance.getEntriesByType("navigation");

  for (var i=0; i < perfEntries.length; i++) {
    console.log("= Navigation entry[" + i + "]");
    var p = perfEntries[i];
    // dom Properties
    console.log("DOM content loaded = " + (p.domContentLoadedEventEnd - p.domContentLoadedEventStart));
    console.log("DOM complete = " + p.domComplete);
    console.log("DOM interactive = " + p.interactive);

    // document load and unload time
    console.log("document load = " + (p.loadEventEnd - p.loadEventStart));
    console.log("document unload = " + (p.unloadEventEnd - p.unloadEventStart));

    // other properties
    console.log("type = " + p.type);
    console.log("redirectCount = " + p.redirectCount);
  }
}

Store a cookie the first time someone visits the page. On refresh check if your cookie exists and if it does, alert.

function checkFirstVisit() {
  if(document.cookie.indexOf('mycookie')==-1) {
    // cookie doesn't exist, create it now
    document.cookie = 'mycookie=1';
  }
  else {
    // not first visit, so alert
    alert('You refreshed!');
  }
}

and in your body tag:

<body onload="checkFirstVisit()">
2019/08/14

I found some information here Javascript Detecting Page Refresh . His first recommendation is using hidden fields, which tend to be stored through page refreshes.

function checkRefresh() {
    if (document.refreshForm.visited.value == "") {
        // This is a fresh page load
        document.refreshForm.visited.value = "1";
        // You may want to add code here special for
        // fresh page loads
    } else {
        // This is a page refresh
        // Insert code here representing what to do on
        // a refresh
    }
}
<html>

<body onLoad="JavaScript:checkRefresh();">
    <form name="refreshForm">
        <input type="hidden" name="visited" value="" />
    </form>

</body>

</html>

2017/12/15

if

event.currentTarget.performance.navigation.type

returns

0 => user just typed in an Url
1 => page reloaded
2 => back button clicked.

2017/03/18

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/5004978
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