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converting Java bitmap to byte array


Question

  Bitmap bmp   = intent.getExtras().get("data");
  int size     = bmp.getRowBytes() * bmp.getHeight();
  ByteBuffer b = ByteBuffer.allocate(size);

  bmp.copyPixelsToBuffer(b);

  byte[] bytes = new byte[size];

  try {
     b.get(bytes, 0, bytes.length);
  } catch (BufferUnderflowException e) {
     // always happens
  }
  // do something with byte[]

When I look at the buffer after the call to copyPixelsToBuffer the bytes are all 0... The bitmap returned from the camera is immutable... but that shouldn't matter since it's doing a copy.

What could be wrong with this code?

2013/08/05
1
297
8/5/2013 2:59:12 PM

Accepted Answer

Try something like this:

Bitmap bmp = intent.getExtras().get("data");
ByteArrayOutputStream stream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
bmp.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 100, stream);
byte[] byteArray = stream.toByteArray();
bmp.recycle();
2018/04/03
657
4/3/2018 10:11:30 AM

CompressFormat is too slow...

Try ByteBuffer.

※※※Bitmap to byte※※※

width = bitmap.getWidth();
height = bitmap.getHeight();

int size = bitmap.getRowBytes() * bitmap.getHeight();
ByteBuffer byteBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(size);
bitmap.copyPixelsToBuffer(byteBuffer);
byteArray = byteBuffer.array();

※※※byte to bitmap※※※

Bitmap.Config configBmp = Bitmap.Config.valueOf(bitmap.getConfig().name());
Bitmap bitmap_tmp = Bitmap.createBitmap(width, height, configBmp);
ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.wrap(byteArray);
bitmap_tmp.copyPixelsFromBuffer(buffer);
2018/12/28

Here is bitmap extension .convertToByteArray wrote in Kotlin.

/**
 * Convert bitmap to byte array using ByteBuffer.
 */
fun Bitmap.convertToByteArray(): ByteArray {
    //minimum number of bytes that can be used to store this bitmap's pixels
    val size = this.byteCount

    //allocate new instances which will hold bitmap
    val buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(size)
    val bytes = ByteArray(size)

    //copy the bitmap's pixels into the specified buffer
    this.copyPixelsToBuffer(buffer)

    //rewinds buffer (buffer position is set to zero and the mark is discarded)
    buffer.rewind()

    //transfer bytes from buffer into the given destination array
    buffer.get(bytes)

    //return bitmap's pixels
    return bytes
}
2017/12/11

Do you need to rewind the buffer, perhaps?

Also, this might happen if the stride (in bytes) of the bitmap is greater than the row length in pixels * bytes/pixel. Make the length of bytes b.remaining() instead of size.

2011/02/14

Use below functions to encode bitmap into byte[] and vice versa

public static String encodeTobase64(Bitmap image) {
    Bitmap immagex = image;
    ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    immagex.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 90, baos);
    byte[] b = baos.toByteArray();
    String imageEncoded = Base64.encodeToString(b, Base64.DEFAULT);
    return imageEncoded;
}

public static Bitmap decodeBase64(String input) {
    byte[] decodedByte = Base64.decode(input, 0);
    return BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(decodedByte, 0, decodedByte.length);
}
2020/05/13

Your byte array is too small. Each pixel takes up 4 bytes, not just 1, so multiply your size * 4 so that the array is big enough.

2012/03/23

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4989182
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