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How do I pass a class as a parameter in Java?


Question

Is there any way to pass class as a parameter in Java and fire some methods from that class?

void main()
{
    callClass(that.class)
}

void callClass(???? classObject)
{
    classObject.somefunction
    // or 
    new classObject()
    //something like that ?
}

I am using Google Web Toolkit and it does not support reflection.

2015/10/29
1
137
10/29/2015 3:58:03 PM

Accepted Answer

public void foo(Class c){
        try {
            Object ob = c.newInstance();
        } catch (InstantiationException ex) {
            Logger.getLogger(App.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        } catch (IllegalAccessException ex) {
            Logger.getLogger(App.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        }
    }

How to invoke method using reflection

 import java.lang.reflect.*;


   public class method2 {
      public int add(int a, int b)
      {
         return a + b;
      }

      public static void main(String args[])
      {
         try {
           Class cls = Class.forName("method2");
           Class partypes[] = new Class[2];
            partypes[0] = Integer.TYPE;
            partypes[1] = Integer.TYPE;
            Method meth = cls.getMethod(
              "add", partypes);
            method2 methobj = new method2();
            Object arglist[] = new Object[2];
            arglist[0] = new Integer(37);
            arglist[1] = new Integer(47);
            Object retobj 
              = meth.invoke(methobj, arglist);
            Integer retval = (Integer)retobj;
            System.out.println(retval.intValue());
         }
         catch (Throwable e) {
            System.err.println(e);
         }
      }
   }

Also See

2016/05/03
130
5/3/2016 4:37:58 AM

public void callingMethod(Class neededClass) {
    //Cast the class to the class you need
    //and call your method in the class
    ((ClassBeingCalled)neededClass).methodOfClass();
}

To call the method, you call it this way:

callingMethod(ClassBeingCalled.class);

Construct your method to accept it-

public <T> void printClassNameAndCreateList(Class<T> className){
    //example access 1
    System.out.print(className.getName());

    //example access 2
    ArrayList<T> list = new ArrayList<T>();
    //note that if you create a list this way, you will have to cast input
    list.add((T)nameOfObject);
}

Call the method-

printClassNameAndCreateList(SomeClass.class);

You can also restrict the type of class, for example, this is one of the methods from a library I made-

protected Class postExceptionActivityIn;

protected <T extends PostExceptionActivity>  void  setPostExceptionActivityIn(Class <T> postExceptionActivityIn) {
    this.postExceptionActivityIn = postExceptionActivityIn;
}

For more information, search Reflection and Generics.

2019/04/24

Use

void callClass(Class classObject)
{
   //do something with class
}

A Class is also a Java object, so you can refer to it by using its type.

Read more about it from official documentation.

2011/02/02

This kind of thing is not easy. Here is a method that calls a static method:

public static Object callStaticMethod(
    // class that contains the static method
    final Class<?> clazz,
    // method name
    final String methodName,
    // optional method parameters
    final Object... parameters) throws Exception{
    for(final Method method : clazz.getMethods()){
        if(method.getName().equals(methodName)){
            final Class<?>[] paramTypes = method.getParameterTypes();
            if(parameters.length != paramTypes.length){
                continue;
            }
            boolean compatible = true;
            for(int i = 0; i < paramTypes.length; i++){
                final Class<?> paramType = paramTypes[i];
                final Object param = parameters[i];
                if(param != null && !paramType.isInstance(param)){
                    compatible = false;
                    break;
                }

            }
            if(compatible){
                return method.invoke(/* static invocation */null,
                    parameters);
            }
        }
    }
    throw new NoSuchMethodException(methodName);
}

Update: Wait, I just saw the gwt tag on the question. You can't use reflection in GWT

2011/02/02

I am not sure what you are trying to accomplish, but you may want to consider that passing a class may not be what you really need to be doing. In many cases, dealing with Class like this is easily encapsulated within a factory pattern of some type and the use of that is done through an interface. here's one of dozens of articles on that pattern: http://today.java.net/pub/a/today/2005/03/09/factory.html

using a class within a factory can be accomplished in a variety of ways, most notably by having a config file that contains the name of the class that implements the required interface. Then the factory can find that class from within the class path and construct it as an object of the specified interface.

2011/02/02

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4872978
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