Advertisement
Advertisement


ASP.NET Core Dependency Injection error: Unable to resolve service for type while attempting to activate


Question

I created an .NET Core MVC application and use Dependency Injection and Repository Pattern to inject a repository to my controller. However, I am getting an error:

InvalidOperationException: Unable to resolve service for type 'WebApplication1.Data.BloggerRepository' while attempting to activate 'WebApplication1.Controllers.BlogController'.

Model (Blog.cs)

namespace WebApplication1.Models
{
    public class Blog
    {
        public int BlogId { get; set; }
        public string Url { get; set; }
    }
}

DbContext (BloggingContext.cs)

using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using WebApplication1.Models;

namespace WebApplication1.Data
{
    public class BloggingContext : DbContext
    {
        public BloggingContext(DbContextOptions<BloggingContext> options)
            : base(options)
        { }
        public DbSet<Blog> Blogs { get; set; }
    }
}

Repository (IBloggerRepository.cs & BloggerRepository.cs)

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using WebApplication1.Models;

namespace WebApplication1.Data
{
    internal interface IBloggerRepository : IDisposable
    {
        IEnumerable<Blog> GetBlogs();

        void InsertBlog(Blog blog);

        void Save();
    }
}

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using WebApplication1.Models;

namespace WebApplication1.Data
{
    public class BloggerRepository : IBloggerRepository
    {
        private readonly BloggingContext _context;

        public BloggerRepository(BloggingContext context)
        {
            _context = context;
        }

        public IEnumerable<Blog> GetBlogs()
        {
            return _context.Blogs.ToList();
        }

        public void InsertBlog(Blog blog)
        {
            _context.Blogs.Add(blog);
        }

        public void Save()
        {
            _context.SaveChanges();
        }

        private bool _disposed;

        protected virtual void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (!_disposed)
            {
                if (disposing)
                {
                    _context.Dispose();
                }
            }
            _disposed = true;
        }

        public void Dispose()
        {
            Dispose(true);
            GC.SuppressFinalize(this);
        }
    }
}

Startup.cs (relevant code)

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    // Add framework services.
    services.AddDbContext<BloggingContext>(options =>
        options.UseSqlServer(Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection")));

    services.AddScoped<IBloggerRepository, BloggerRepository>();

    services.AddMvc();

    // Add application services.
    services.AddTransient<IEmailSender, AuthMessageSender>();
    services.AddTransient<ISmsSender, AuthMessageSender>();
}

Controller (BlogController.cs)

using System.Linq;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using WebApplication1.Data;
using WebApplication1.Models;

namespace WebApplication1.Controllers
{
    public class BlogController : Controller
    {
        private readonly IBloggerRepository _repository;

        public BlogController(BloggerRepository repository)
        {
            _repository = repository;
        }

        public IActionResult Index()
        {
            return View(_repository.GetBlogs().ToList());
        }

        public IActionResult Create()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
        public IActionResult Create(Blog blog)
        {
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                _repository.InsertBlog(blog);
                _repository.Save();
                return RedirectToAction("Index");
            }
            return View(blog);
        }
    }
}

I'm not sure what I'm doing wrong. Any ideas?

2018/01/28
1
208
1/28/2018 4:22:08 AM

Accepted Answer

The exception says it cannot resolve the service for WebApplication1.Data.BloggerRepository because the constructor on your controller is asking for the concrete class instead of the interface. So just change that:

public BlogController(IBloggerRepository repository)
//                    ^
//                    Add this!
{
    _repository = repository;
}
2019/10/08
306
10/8/2019 7:55:11 PM

I ran into this issue because in the dependency injection setup I was missing a dependency of a repository that is a dependency of a controller:

services.AddScoped<IDependencyOne, DependencyOne>();    <-- I was missing this line!
services.AddScoped<IDependencyTwoThatIsDependentOnDependencyOne, DependencyTwoThatIsDependentOnDependencyOne>();
2018/08/27

In my case I was trying to do dependency injection for an object which required constructor arguments. In this case, during Startup I just provided the arguments from the configuration file, for example:

var config = Configuration.GetSection("subservice").Get<SubServiceConfig>();
services.AddScoped<ISubService>(provider => new SubService(config.value1, config.value2));
2017/12/04

I was having a different problem, and yeah the parameterized constructor for my controller was already added with the correct interface. What I did was something straightforward. I just go to my startup.cs file, where I could see a call to register method.

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
   services.Register();
}

In my case, this Register method was in a separate class Injector. So I had to add my newly introduced Interfaces there.

public static class Injector
{
    public static void Register(this IServiceCollection services)
    {
        services.AddTransient<IUserService, UserService>();
        services.AddTransient<IUserDataService, UserDataService>();
    }
}

If you see, the parameter to this function is this IServiceCollection

Hope this helps.

2019/10/04

Only if anyone have the same situation like me, I am doing a tutorial of EntityFramework with existing database, but when the new database context is created on the models folders, we need to update the context in the startup, but not only in services.AddDbContext but AddIdentity too if you have users authentication

services.AddDbContext<NewDBContext>(options =>
                options.UseSqlServer(Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection")));

services.AddIdentity<ApplicationUser, IdentityRole>()
                .AddEntityFrameworkStores<NewDBContext>()
                .AddDefaultTokenProviders();
2017/04/28

Public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    services.AddScoped<IEventRepository, EventRepository>();           
}

You forgot to add "services.AddScoped" in startup ConfigureServices method.

2019/12/28