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How to convert number to words in java


Question

We currently have a crude mechanism to convert numbers to words (e.g. using a few static arrays) and based on the size of the number translating that into an english text. But we are running into issues for numbers which are huge.

10183 = Ten thousand one hundred eighty three
90 = Ninety
5888 = Five thousand eight hundred eighty eight

Is there an easy to use function in any of the math libraries which I can use for this purpose?

2010/10/12
1
132
10/12/2010 5:41:57 AM

Accepted Answer

Here is the code, I don't think there is any method in SE.

It basically converts number to string and parses String and associates it with the weight

for example

1000

1 is treated as thousand position and 1 gets mapped to "one" and thousand because of position


This is the code from the website:

English

import java.text.DecimalFormat;

public class EnglishNumberToWords {

  private static final String[] tensNames = {
    "",
    " ten",
    " twenty",
    " thirty",
    " forty",
    " fifty",
    " sixty",
    " seventy",
    " eighty",
    " ninety"
  };

  private static final String[] numNames = {
    "",
    " one",
    " two",
    " three",
    " four",
    " five",
    " six",
    " seven",
    " eight",
    " nine",
    " ten",
    " eleven",
    " twelve",
    " thirteen",
    " fourteen",
    " fifteen",
    " sixteen",
    " seventeen",
    " eighteen",
    " nineteen"
  };

  private EnglishNumberToWords() {}

  private static String convertLessThanOneThousand(int number) {
    String soFar;

    if (number % 100 < 20){
      soFar = numNames[number % 100];
      number /= 100;
    }
    else {
      soFar = numNames[number % 10];
      number /= 10;

      soFar = tensNames[number % 10] + soFar;
      number /= 10;
    }
    if (number == 0) return soFar;
    return numNames[number] + " hundred" + soFar;
  }


  public static String convert(long number) {
    // 0 to 999 999 999 999
    if (number == 0) { return "zero"; }

    String snumber = Long.toString(number);

    // pad with "0"
    String mask = "000000000000";
    DecimalFormat df = new DecimalFormat(mask);
    snumber = df.format(number);

    // XXXnnnnnnnnn
    int billions = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(0,3));
    // nnnXXXnnnnnn
    int millions  = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(3,6));
    // nnnnnnXXXnnn
    int hundredThousands = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(6,9));
    // nnnnnnnnnXXX
    int thousands = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(9,12));

    String tradBillions;
    switch (billions) {
    case 0:
      tradBillions = "";
      break;
    case 1 :
      tradBillions = convertLessThanOneThousand(billions)
      + " billion ";
      break;
    default :
      tradBillions = convertLessThanOneThousand(billions)
      + " billion ";
    }
    String result =  tradBillions;

    String tradMillions;
    switch (millions) {
    case 0:
      tradMillions = "";
      break;
    case 1 :
      tradMillions = convertLessThanOneThousand(millions)
         + " million ";
      break;
    default :
      tradMillions = convertLessThanOneThousand(millions)
         + " million ";
    }
    result =  result + tradMillions;

    String tradHundredThousands;
    switch (hundredThousands) {
    case 0:
      tradHundredThousands = "";
      break;
    case 1 :
      tradHundredThousands = "one thousand ";
      break;
    default :
      tradHundredThousands = convertLessThanOneThousand(hundredThousands)
         + " thousand ";
    }
    result =  result + tradHundredThousands;

    String tradThousand;
    tradThousand = convertLessThanOneThousand(thousands);
    result =  result + tradThousand;

    // remove extra spaces!
    return result.replaceAll("^\\s+", "").replaceAll("\\b\\s{2,}\\b", " ");
  }

  /**
   * testing
   * @param args
   */
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(0));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(1));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(16));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(100));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(118));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(200));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(219));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(800));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(801));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(1316));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(1000000));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(2000000));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(3000200));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(700000));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(9000000));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(9001000));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(123456789));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(2147483647));
    System.out.println("*** " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert(3000000010L));

    /*
     *** zero
     *** one
     *** sixteen
     *** one hundred
     *** one hundred eighteen
     *** two hundred
     *** two hundred nineteen
     *** eight hundred
     *** eight hundred one
     *** one thousand three hundred sixteen
     *** one million
     *** two millions
     *** three millions two hundred
     *** seven hundred thousand
     *** nine millions
     *** nine millions one thousand
     *** one hundred twenty three millions four hundred
     **      fifty six thousand seven hundred eighty nine
     *** two billion one hundred forty seven millions
     **      four hundred eighty three thousand six hundred forty seven
     *** three billion ten
     **/
  }
}

Français Quite different than the english version but french is a lot more difficult!

package com.rgagnon.howto;

import java.text.*;

class FrenchNumberToWords {
  private static final String[] dizaineNames = {
    "",
    "",
    "vingt",
    "trente",
    "quarante",
    "cinquante",
    "soixante",
    "soixante",
    "quatre-vingt",
    "quatre-vingt"
  };

  private static final String[] uniteNames1 = {
    "",
    "un",
    "deux",
    "trois",
    "quatre",
    "cinq",
    "six",
    "sept",
    "huit",
    "neuf",
    "dix",
    "onze",
    "douze",
    "treize",
    "quatorze",
    "quinze",
    "seize",
    "dix-sept",
    "dix-huit",
    "dix-neuf"
  };

  private static final String[] uniteNames2 = {
    "",
    "",
    "deux",
    "trois",
    "quatre",
    "cinq",
    "six",
    "sept",
    "huit",
    "neuf",
    "dix"
  };

  private FrenchNumberToWords() {}

  private static String convertZeroToHundred(int number) {

    int laDizaine = number / 10;
    int lUnite = number % 10;
    String resultat = "";

    switch (laDizaine) {
    case 1 :
    case 7 :
    case 9 :
      lUnite = lUnite + 10;
      break;
    default:
    }

    // séparateur "-" "et"  ""
    String laLiaison = "";
    if (laDizaine > 1) {
      laLiaison = "-";
    }
    // cas particuliers
    switch (lUnite) {
    case 0:
      laLiaison = "";
      break;
    case 1 :
      if (laDizaine == 8) {
        laLiaison = "-";
      }
      else {
        laLiaison = " et ";
      }
      break;
    case 11 :
      if (laDizaine==7) {
        laLiaison = " et ";
      }
      break;
    default:
    }

    // dizaines en lettres
    switch (laDizaine) {
    case 0:
      resultat = uniteNames1[lUnite];
      break;
    case 8 :
      if (lUnite == 0) {
        resultat = dizaineNames[laDizaine];
      }
      else {
        resultat = dizaineNames[laDizaine]
                                + laLiaison + uniteNames1[lUnite];
      }
      break;
    default :
      resultat = dizaineNames[laDizaine]
                              + laLiaison + uniteNames1[lUnite];
    }
    return resultat;
  }

  private static String convertLessThanOneThousand(int number) {

    int lesCentaines = number / 100;
    int leReste = number % 100;
    String sReste = convertZeroToHundred(leReste);

    String resultat;
    switch (lesCentaines) {
    case 0:
      resultat = sReste;
      break;
    case 1 :
      if (leReste > 0) {
        resultat = "cent " + sReste;
      }
      else {
        resultat = "cent";
      }
      break;
    default :
      if (leReste > 0) {
        resultat = uniteNames2[lesCentaines] + " cent " + sReste;
      }
      else {
        resultat = uniteNames2[lesCentaines] + " cents";
      }
    }
    return resultat;
  }

  public static String convert(long number) {
    // 0 à 999 999 999 999
    if (number == 0) { return "zéro"; }

    String snumber = Long.toString(number);

    // pad des "0"
    String mask = "000000000000";
    DecimalFormat df = new DecimalFormat(mask);
    snumber = df.format(number);

    // XXXnnnnnnnnn
    int lesMilliards = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(0,3));
    // nnnXXXnnnnnn
    int lesMillions  = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(3,6));
    // nnnnnnXXXnnn
    int lesCentMille = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(6,9));
    // nnnnnnnnnXXX
    int lesMille = Integer.parseInt(snumber.substring(9,12));

    String tradMilliards;
    switch (lesMilliards) {
    case 0:
      tradMilliards = "";
      break;
    case 1 :
      tradMilliards = convertLessThanOneThousand(lesMilliards)
         + " milliard ";
      break;
    default :
      tradMilliards = convertLessThanOneThousand(lesMilliards)
         + " milliards ";
    }
    String resultat =  tradMilliards;

    String tradMillions;
    switch (lesMillions) {
    case 0:
      tradMillions = "";
      break;
    case 1 :
      tradMillions = convertLessThanOneThousand(lesMillions)
         + " million ";
      break;
    default :
      tradMillions = convertLessThanOneThousand(lesMillions)
         + " millions ";
    }
    resultat =  resultat + tradMillions;

    String tradCentMille;
    switch (lesCentMille) {
    case 0:
      tradCentMille = "";
      break;
    case 1 :
      tradCentMille = "mille ";
      break;
    default :
      tradCentMille = convertLessThanOneThousand(lesCentMille)
         + " mille ";
    }
    resultat =  resultat + tradCentMille;

    String tradMille;
    tradMille = convertLessThanOneThousand(lesMille);
    resultat =  resultat + tradMille;

    return resultat;
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(0));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(9));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(19));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(21));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(28));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(71));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(72));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(80));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(81));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(89));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(90));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(91));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(97));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(100));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(101));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(110));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(120));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(200));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(201));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(232));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(999));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(1000));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(1001));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(10000));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(10001));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(100000));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(2000000));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(3000000000L));
    System.out.println("*** " + FrenchNumberToWords.convert(2147483647));
    /*
     *** OUTPUT
     *** zéro
     *** neuf
     *** dix-neuf
     *** vingt et un
     *** vingt-huit
     *** soixante et onze
     *** soixante-douze
     *** quatre-vingt
     *** quatre-vingt-un
     *** quatre-vingt-neuf
     *** quatre-vingt-dix
     *** quatre-vingt-onze
     *** quatre-vingt-dix-sept
     *** cent
     *** cent un
     *** cent dix
     *** cent vingt
     *** deux cents
     *** deux cent un
     *** deux cent trente-deux
     *** neuf cent quatre-vingt-dix-neuf
     *** mille
     *** mille un
     *** dix mille
     *** dix mille un
     *** cent mille
     *** deux millions
     *** trois milliards
     *** deux milliards cent quarante-sept millions
     **          quatre cent quatre-vingt-trois mille six cent quarante-sept
     */
  }
}

You can handle "dollar and cent" conversion by calling the "convert" method two times.

String phrase = "12345.67" ;
Float num = new Float( phrase ) ;
int dollars = (int)Math.floor( num ) ;
int cent = (int)Math.floor( ( num - dollars ) * 100.0f ) ;

String s = "$ " + EnglishNumberToWords.convert( dollars ) + " and "
           + EnglishNumberToWords.convert( cent ) + " cents" ;

Another way to use a built-in function of your DBMS (if available). For Oracle

SQL> select to_char(to_date(873,'J'), 'JSP') as converted_form from dual;

CONVERTED_FORM
---------------------------
EIGHT HUNDRED SEVENTY-THREE

SQL>
'JSP' means :
J : the Julian format.
SP : spells the word for the number passed to to_date
2014/09/03
107
9/3/2014 2:10:12 PM

Because you cannot have a general algorithm for every locale, no. You have to implement your own algorithm for every locale that you are supporting.

** EDIT **

Just for the heck of it, I played around until I got this class. It cannot display Long.MIN_VALUE because of bit restrictions... but I presume it could be modified and change long value types to double for decimal or even bigger numbers It can display any numbers up to 66 digits and 26 decimals using a string representation of the number. You may add more ScaleUnit for more decimals...

/**
 * This class will convert numeric values into an english representation
 * 
 * For units, see : http://www.jimloy.com/math/billion.htm
 * 
 * @author [email protected]
 */
public class NumberToWords {

    static public class ScaleUnit {
        private int exponent;
        private String[] names;
        private ScaleUnit(int exponent, String...names) {
            this.exponent = exponent;
            this.names = names;
        }
        public int getExponent() {
            return exponent;
        }
        public String getName(int index) {
            return names[index];
        }
    }

    /**
     * See http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Names_of_large_numbers
     */
    static private ScaleUnit[] SCALE_UNITS = new ScaleUnit[] {
        new ScaleUnit(63, "vigintillion", "decilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(60, "novemdecillion", "decillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(57, "octodecillion", "nonilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(54, "septendecillion", "nonillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(51, "sexdecillion", "octilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(48, "quindecillion", "octillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(45, "quattuordecillion", "septilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(42, "tredecillion", "septillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(39, "duodecillion", "sextilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(36, "undecillion", "sextillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(33, "decillion", "quintilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(30, "nonillion", "quintillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(27, "octillion", "quadrilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(24, "septillion", "quadrillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(21, "sextillion", "trilliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(18, "quintillion", "trillion"),
        new ScaleUnit(15, "quadrillion", "billiard"),
        new ScaleUnit(12, "trillion", "billion"),
        new ScaleUnit(9, "billion", "milliard"),
        new ScaleUnit(6, "million", "million"),
        new ScaleUnit(3, "thousand", "thousand"),
        new ScaleUnit(2, "hundred", "hundred"),
        //new ScaleUnit(1, "ten", "ten"),
        //new ScaleUnit(0, "one", "one"),
        new ScaleUnit(-1, "tenth", "tenth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-2, "hundredth", "hundredth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-3, "thousandth", "thousandth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-4, "ten-thousandth", "ten-thousandth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-5, "hundred-thousandth", "hundred-thousandth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-6, "millionth", "millionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-7, "ten-millionth", "ten-millionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-8, "hundred-millionth", "hundred-millionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-9, "billionth", "milliardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-10, "ten-billionth", "ten-milliardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-11, "hundred-billionth", "hundred-milliardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-12, "trillionth", "billionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-13, "ten-trillionth", "ten-billionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-14, "hundred-trillionth", "hundred-billionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-15, "quadrillionth", "billiardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-16, "ten-quadrillionth", "ten-billiardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-17, "hundred-quadrillionth", "hundred-billiardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-18, "quintillionth", "trillionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-19, "ten-quintillionth", "ten-trillionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-20, "hundred-quintillionth", "hundred-trillionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-21, "sextillionth", "trilliardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-22, "ten-sextillionth", "ten-trilliardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-23, "hundred-sextillionth", "hundred-trilliardth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-24, "septillionth","quadrillionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-25, "ten-septillionth","ten-quadrillionth"),
        new ScaleUnit(-26, "hundred-septillionth","hundred-quadrillionth"),
    };

    static public enum Scale {
        SHORT,
        LONG;

        public String getName(int exponent) {
            for (ScaleUnit unit : SCALE_UNITS) {
                if (unit.getExponent() == exponent) {
                    return unit.getName(this.ordinal());
                }
            }
            return ""; 
        }
    }

    /**
     * Change this scale to support American and modern British value (short scale)
     * or Traditional British value (long scale)
     */
    static public Scale SCALE = Scale.SHORT; 


    static abstract public class AbstractProcessor {

        static protected final String SEPARATOR = " ";
        static protected final int NO_VALUE = -1;

        protected List<Integer> getDigits(long value) {
            ArrayList<Integer> digits = new ArrayList<Integer>();
            if (value == 0) {
                digits.add(0);
            } else {
                while (value > 0) {
                    digits.add(0, (int) value % 10);
                    value /= 10;
                }
            }
            return digits;
        }

        public String getName(long value) {
            return getName(Long.toString(value));
        }

        public String getName(double value) {
            return getName(Double.toString(value));
        }

        abstract public String getName(String value);
    }

    static public class UnitProcessor extends AbstractProcessor {

        static private final String[] TOKENS = new String[] {
            "one", "two", "three", "four", "five", "six", "seven", "eight", "nine",
            "ten", "eleven", "twelve", "thirteen", "fourteen", "fifteen", "sixteen", "seventeen", "eighteen", "nineteen"
        };

        @Override
        public String getName(String value) {
            StringBuilder buffer = new StringBuilder();

            int offset = NO_VALUE;
            int number;
            if (value.length() > 3) {
                number = Integer.valueOf(value.substring(value.length() - 3), 10);
            } else {
                number = Integer.valueOf(value, 10);
            }
            number %= 100;
            if (number < 10) {
                offset = (number % 10) - 1;
                //number /= 10;
            } else if (number < 20) {
                offset = (number % 20) - 1;
                //number /= 100;
            }

            if (offset != NO_VALUE && offset < TOKENS.length) {
                buffer.append(TOKENS[offset]);
            }

            return buffer.toString();
        }

    }

    static public class TensProcessor extends AbstractProcessor {

        static private final String[] TOKENS = new String[] {
            "twenty", "thirty", "forty", "fifty", "sixty", "seventy", "eighty", "ninety"
        };

        static private final String UNION_SEPARATOR = "-";

        private UnitProcessor unitProcessor = new UnitProcessor();

        @Override
        public String getName(String value) {
            StringBuilder buffer = new StringBuilder();
            boolean tensFound = false;

            int number;
            if (value.length() > 3) {
                number = Integer.valueOf(value.substring(value.length() - 3), 10);
            } else {
                number = Integer.valueOf(value, 10);
            }
            number %= 100;   // keep only two digits
            if (number >= 20) {
                buffer.append(TOKENS[(number / 10) - 2]);
                number %= 10;
                tensFound = true;
            } else {
                number %= 20;
            }

            if (number != 0) {
                if (tensFound) {
                    buffer.append(UNION_SEPARATOR);
                }
                buffer.append(unitProcessor.getName(number));
            }

            return buffer.toString();
        }
    }

    static public class HundredProcessor extends AbstractProcessor {

        private int EXPONENT = 2;

        private UnitProcessor unitProcessor = new UnitProcessor();
        private TensProcessor tensProcessor = new TensProcessor();

        @Override
        public String getName(String value) {
            StringBuilder buffer = new StringBuilder();

            int number;
            if (value.isEmpty()) {
                number = 0;
            } else if (value.length() > 4) {
                number = Integer.valueOf(value.substring(value.length() - 4), 10);
            } else {
                number = Integer.valueOf(value, 10);
            }
            number %= 1000;  // keep at least three digits

            if (number >= 100) {
                buffer.append(unitProcessor.getName(number / 100));
                buffer.append(SEPARATOR);
                buffer.append(SCALE.getName(EXPONENT));
            }

            String tensName = tensProcessor.getName(number % 100);

            if (!tensName.isEmpty() && (number >= 100)) {
                buffer.append(SEPARATOR);
            }
            buffer.append(tensName);

            return buffer.toString();
        }
    }

    static public class CompositeBigProcessor extends AbstractProcessor {

        private HundredProcessor hundredProcessor = new HundredProcessor();
        private AbstractProcessor lowProcessor;
        private int exponent;

        public CompositeBigProcessor(int exponent) {
            if (exponent <= 3) {
                lowProcessor = hundredProcessor;
            } else {
                lowProcessor = new CompositeBigProcessor(exponent - 3);
            }
            this.exponent = exponent;
        }

        public String getToken() {
            return SCALE.getName(getPartDivider());
        }

        protected AbstractProcessor getHighProcessor() {
            return hundredProcessor;
        }

        protected AbstractProcessor getLowProcessor() {
            return lowProcessor;
        }

        public int getPartDivider() {
            return exponent;
        }

        @Override
        public String getName(String value) {
            StringBuilder buffer = new StringBuilder();

            String high, low;
            if (value.length() < getPartDivider()) {
                high = "";
                low = value;
            } else {
                int index = value.length() - getPartDivider();
                high = value.substring(0, index);
                low = value.substring(index);
            }

            String highName = getHighProcessor().getName(high);
            String lowName = getLowProcessor().getName(low);

            if (!highName.isEmpty()) {
                buffer.append(highName);
                buffer.append(SEPARATOR);
                buffer.append(getToken());

                if (!lowName.isEmpty()) {
                    buffer.append(SEPARATOR);
                }
            }

            if (!lowName.isEmpty()) {
                buffer.append(lowName);
            }

            return buffer.toString();
        }
    }

    static public class DefaultProcessor extends AbstractProcessor {

        static private String MINUS = "minus";
        static private String UNION_AND = "and";

        static private String ZERO_TOKEN = "zero";

        private AbstractProcessor processor = new CompositeBigProcessor(63);

        @Override
        public String getName(String value) {
            boolean negative = false;
            if (value.startsWith("-")) {
                negative = true;
                value = value.substring(1);
            }

            int decimals = value.indexOf(".");
            String decimalValue = null;
            if (0 <= decimals) {
                decimalValue = value.substring(decimals + 1);
                value = value.substring(0, decimals);
            }

            String name = processor.getName(value);

            if (name.isEmpty()) {
                name = ZERO_TOKEN;
            } else if (negative) {
                name = MINUS.concat(SEPARATOR).concat(name); 
            }

            if (!(null == decimalValue || decimalValue.isEmpty())) {
                name = name.concat(SEPARATOR).concat(UNION_AND).concat(SEPARATOR)
                    .concat(processor.getName(decimalValue))
                    .concat(SEPARATOR).concat(SCALE.getName(-decimalValue.length()));
            }

            return name;
        }

    }

    static public AbstractProcessor processor;


    public static void main(String...args) {

        processor = new DefaultProcessor();

        long[] values = new long[] {
            0,
            4,
            10,
            12,
            100,
            108,
            299,
            1000,
            1003,
            2040,
            45213,
            100000,
            100005,
            100010,
            202020,
            202022,
            999999,
            1000000,
            1000001,
            10000000,
            10000007,
            99999999,
            Long.MAX_VALUE,
            Long.MIN_VALUE
        };

        String[] strValues = new String[] {
            "0001.2",
            "3.141592"
        };

        for (long val : values) {
            System.out.println(val + " = " + processor.getName(val) );
        }

        for (String strVal : strValues) {
            System.out.println(strVal + " = " + processor.getName(strVal) );
        }

        // generate a very big number...
        StringBuilder bigNumber = new StringBuilder();
        for (int d=0; d<66; d++) {
            bigNumber.append( (char) ((Math.random() * 10) + '0'));
        }
        bigNumber.append(".");
        for (int d=0; d<26; d++) {
            bigNumber.append( (char) ((Math.random() * 10) + '0'));
        }

        System.out.println(bigNumber.toString() + " = " + processor.getName(bigNumber.toString()));

    }

}

and a sample output (for the random big number generator)

0 = zero
4 = four
10 = ten
12 = twelve
100 = one hundred
108 = one hundred eight
299 = two hundred ninety-nine
1000 = one thousand
1003 = one thousand three
2040 = two thousand fourty
45213 = fourty-five thousand two hundred thirteen
100000 = one hundred thousand
100005 = one hundred thousand five
100010 = one hundred thousand ten
202020 = two hundred two thousand twenty
202022 = two hundred two thousand twenty-two
999999 = nine hundred ninety-nine thousand nine hundred ninety-nine
1000000 = one million
1000001 = one million one
10000000 = ten million
10000007 = ten million seven
99999999 = ninety-nine million nine hundred ninety-nine thousand nine hundred ninety-nine
9223372036854775807 = nine quintillion two hundred twenty-three quadrillion three hundred seventy-two trillion thirty-six billion eight hundred fifty-four million seven hundred seventy-five thousand eight hundred seven
-9223372036854775808 = minus nine quintillion two hundred twenty-three quadrillion three hundred seventy-two trillion thirty-six billion eight hundred fifty-four million seven hundred seventy-five thousand eight hundred eight
0001.2 = one and two tenth
3.141592 = three and one hundred fourty-one thousand five hundred ninety-two millionth
694780458103427072928672912656674465845126458162617425283733729646.85695031739734695391404376 = six hundred ninety-four vigintillion seven hundred eighty novemdecillion four hundred fifty-eight octodecillion one hundred three septendecillion four hundred twenty-seven sexdecillion seventy-two quindecillion nine hundred twenty-eight quattuordecillion six hundred seventy-two tredecillion nine hundred twelve duodecillion six hundred fifty-six undecillion six hundred seventy-four decillion four hundred sixty-five nonillion eight hundred fourty-five octillion one hundred twenty-six septillion four hundred fifty-eight sextillion one hundred sixty-two quintillion six hundred seventeen quadrillion four hundred twenty-five trillion two hundred eighty-three billion seven hundred thirty-three million seven hundred twenty-nine thousand six hundred fourty-six and eighty-five septillion six hundred ninety-five sextillion thirty-one quintillion seven hundred thirty-nine quadrillion seven hundred thirty-four trillion six hundred ninety-five billion three hundred ninety-one million four hundred four thousand three hundred seventy-six hundred-septillionth
2014/04/10

ICU4J contains nice number-spellout support. The files with the "rules" can be easily edited, and it's no problem to add other languages (we did it e.g. for Polish and Russian).

2010/10/12

I think that this solution is not the best, since it works only for int, but i think it's great for a beginner.

public class NumberWordConverter {
    public static final String[] units = {
            "", "one", "two", "three", "four", "five", "six", "seven",
            "eight", "nine", "ten", "eleven", "twelve", "thirteen", "fourteen",
            "fifteen", "sixteen", "seventeen", "eighteen", "nineteen"
    };

    public static final String[] tens = {
            "",        // 0
            "",        // 1
            "twenty",  // 2
            "thirty",  // 3
            "forty",   // 4
            "fifty",   // 5
            "sixty",   // 6
            "seventy", // 7
            "eighty",  // 8
            "ninety"   // 9
    };

    public static String convert(final int n) {
        if (n < 0) {
            return "minus " + convert(-n);
        }

        if (n < 20) {
            return units[n];
        }

        if (n < 100) {
            return tens[n / 10] + ((n % 10 != 0) ? " " : "") + units[n % 10];
        }

        if (n < 1000) {
            return units[n / 100] + " hundred" + ((n % 100 != 0) ? " " : "") + convert(n % 100);
        }

        if (n < 1000000) {
            return convert(n / 1000) + " thousand" + ((n % 1000 != 0) ? " " : "") + convert(n % 1000);
        }

        if (n < 1000000000) {
            return convert(n / 1000000) + " million" + ((n % 1000000 != 0) ? " " : "") + convert(n % 1000000);
        }

        return convert(n / 1000000000) + " billion"  + ((n % 1000000000 != 0) ? " " : "") + convert(n % 1000000000);
    }

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        final Random generator = new Random();

        int n;
        for (int i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
            n = generator.nextInt(Integer.MAX_VALUE);

            System.out.printf("%10d = '%s'%n", n, convert(n));
        }

        n = 1000;
        System.out.printf("%10d = '%s'%n", n, convert(n));

        n = 2000;
        System.out.printf("%10d = '%s'%n", n, convert(n));

        n = 10000;
        System.out.printf("%10d = '%s'%n", n, convert(n));

        n = 11000;
        System.out.printf("%10d = '%s'%n", n, convert(n));

        n = 999999999;
        System.out.printf("%10d = '%s'%n", n, convert(n));

        n = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
        System.out.printf("%10d = '%s'%n", n, convert(n));
    }
}

The test creates 20 random numbers up to Integer.MAX_VALUE and than some that know to be problematic, because of 0, 10, etc.. Output:

   5599908 = 'five million five hundred ninety nine thousand nine hundred eight'
 192603486 = 'one hundred ninety two million six hundred three thousand four hundred eighty six'
1392431868 = 'one billion three hundred ninety two million four hundred thirty one thousand eight hundred sixty eight'
1023787010 = 'one billion twenty three million seven hundred eighty seven thousand ten'
1364396236 = 'one billion three hundred sixty four million three hundred ninety six thousand two hundred thirty six'
1511255671 = 'one billion five hundred eleven million two hundred fifty five thousand six hundred seventy one'
 225955221 = 'two hundred twenty five million nine hundred fifty five thousand two hundred twenty one'
1890141052 = 'one billion eight hundred ninety million one hundred forty one thousand fifty two'
 261839422 = 'two hundred sixty one million eight hundred thirty nine thousand four hundred twenty two'
 728428650 = 'seven hundred twenty eight million four hundred twenty eight thousand six hundred fifty'
 860607319 = 'eight hundred sixty million six hundred seven thousand three hundred nineteen'
 719753587 = 'seven hundred nineteen million seven hundred fifty three thousand five hundred eighty seven'
2063829124 = 'two billion sixty three million eight hundred twenty nine thousand one hundred twenty four'
1081010996 = 'one billion eighty one million ten thousand nine hundred ninety six'
 999215799 = 'nine hundred ninety nine million two hundred fifteen thousand seven hundred ninety nine'
2105226236 = 'two billion one hundred five million two hundred twenty six thousand two hundred thirty six'
1431882940 = 'one billion four hundred thirty one million eight hundred eighty two thousand nine hundred forty'
1991707241 = 'one billion nine hundred ninety one million seven hundred seven thousand two hundred forty one'
1088301563 = 'one billion eighty eight million three hundred one thousand five hundred sixty three'
 964601609 = 'nine hundred sixty four million six hundred one thousand six hundred nine'
      1000 = 'one thousand'
      2000 = 'two thousand'
     10000 = 'ten thousand'
     11000 = 'eleven thousand'
 999999999 = 'nine hundred ninety nine million nine hundred ninety nine thousand nine hundred ninety nine'
2147483647 = 'two billion one hundred forty seven million four hundred eighty three thousand six hundred forty seven'

Hope it helps :)

2013/09/11

/**

This Program will display the given number in words from 0 to 999999999

@author Manoj Kumar Dunna

Mail Id : [email protected]

**/  


import java.util.Scanner;

class NumberToString
{

    public enum hundreds {OneHundred, TwoHundred, ThreeHundred, FourHundred, FiveHundred, SixHundred, SevenHundred, EightHundred, NineHundred}
    public enum tens {Twenty, Thirty, Forty, Fifty, Sixty, Seventy, Eighty, Ninety}
    public enum ones {One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine}
    public enum denom {Thousand, Lakhs, Crores}
    public enum splNums { Ten, Eleven, Twelve, Thirteen, Fourteen, Fifteen, Sixteen, Seventeen, Eighteen, Nineteen}
    public static String text = "";

    public static void main(String[] args) 
    {
        System.out.println("Enter Number to convert into words");
        Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
        long num = sc.nextInt();
        int rem = 0;
        int i = 0;
        while(num > 0)
        {
            if(i == 0){
                rem = (int) (num % 1000);
                printText(rem);
                num = num / 1000;
                i++;
            }
            else if(num > 0)
            {
                rem = (int) (num % 100);
                if(rem > 0)
                    text = denom.values()[i - 1]+ " " + text;
                printText(rem);
                num = num / 100;
                i++;
            }
        }
        if(i > 0)
            System.out.println(text);
        else
            System.out.println("Zero");
    }

    public static void printText(int num)
    {
        if(!(num > 9 && num < 19))
        {
            if(num % 10 > 0)
                getOnes(num % 10);

            num = num / 10;
            if(num % 10 > 0)
                getTens(num % 10);

            num = num / 10;
            if(num > 0)
                getHundreds(num);
        }
        else
        {
            getSplNums(num % 10);
        }
    }

    public static void getSplNums(int num)
    {
        text = splNums.values()[num]+ " " + text;
    }

    public static void getHundreds(int num)
    {
        text = hundreds.values()[num - 1]+ " " + text;
    }

    public static void getTens(int num)
    {
        text = tens.values()[num - 2]+ " " + text;
    }

    public static void getOnes(int num)
    {
        text = ones.values()[num - 1]+ " " + text;
    }
}
2013/05/19

package it.tommasoresti.facebook;

class NumbersToWords {

    private static final String ZERO = "zero";
    private static String[] oneToNine = {
            "one", "two", "three", "four", "five", "six", "seven", "height", "nine"
    };

    private static String[] tenToNinteen = {
            "ten", "eleven", "twelve", "thirteen", "fourteen", "fifteen", "sixteen", "seventeen", "eighteen", "nineteen"
    };

    private static String[] dozens = {
            "ten", "twenty", "thirty", "forty", "fifty", "sixty", "seventy", "eighty", "ninety"
    };

    public static String solution(int number) {
        if(number == 0)
            return ZERO;

        return generate(number).trim();
    }

    public static String generate(int number) {
        if(number >= 1000000000) {
            return generate(number / 1000000000) + " billion " + generate(number % 1000000000);
        }
        else if(number >= 1000000) {
            return generate(number / 1000000) + " million " + generate(number % 1000000);
        }
        else if(number >= 1000) {
            return generate(number / 1000) + " thousand " + generate(number % 1000);
        }
        else if(number >= 100) {
            return generate(number / 100) + " hundred " + generate(number % 100);
        }

        return generate1To99(number);
    }

    private static String generate1To99(int number) {
        if (number == 0)
            return "";

        if (number <= 9)
            return oneToNine[number - 1];
        else if (number <= 19)
            return tenToNinteen[number % 10];
        else {
            return dozens[number / 10 - 1] + " " + generate1To99(number % 10);
        }
    }
}

Test

@Test
public void given_a_complex_number() throws Exception {
    assertThat(solution(1234567890),
        is("one billion two hundred thirty four million five hundred sixty seven thousand height hundred ninety"));
}
2017/11/19

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3911966
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
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Email: [email protected]