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jQuery Ajax error handling, show custom exception messages


Question

Is there some way I can show custom exception messages as an alert in my jQuery AJAX error message?

For example, if I want to throw an exception on the server side via Struts by throw new ApplicationException("User name already exists");, I want to catch this message ('user name already exists') in the jQuery AJAX error message.

jQuery("#save").click(function () {
  if (jQuery('#form').jVal()) {
    jQuery.ajax({
      type: "POST",
      url: "saveuser.do",
      dataType: "html",
      data: "userId=" + encodeURIComponent(trim(document.forms[0].userId.value)),
      success: function (response) {
        jQuery("#usergrid").trigger("reloadGrid");
        clear();
        alert("Details saved successfully!!!");
      },
      error: function (xhr, ajaxOptions, thrownError) {
        alert(xhr.status);
        alert(thrownError);
      }
    });
  }
});

On the second alert, where I alert the thrown error, I am getting undefined and the status code is 500.

I am not sure where I am going wrong. What can I do to fix this problem?

2016/12/19
1
743
12/19/2016 11:00:10 PM


Controller:

public class ClientErrorHandler : FilterAttribute, IExceptionFilter
{
    public void OnException(ExceptionContext filterContext)
    {
        var response = filterContext.RequestContext.HttpContext.Response;
        response.Write(filterContext.Exception.Message);
        response.ContentType = MediaTypeNames.Text.Plain;
        filterContext.ExceptionHandled = true;
    }
}

[ClientErrorHandler]
public class SomeController : Controller
{
    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult SomeAction()
    {
        throw new Exception("Error message");
    }
}

View script:

$.ajax({
    type: "post", url: "/SomeController/SomeAction",
    success: function (data, text) {
        //...
    },
    error: function (request, status, error) {
        alert(request.responseText);
    }
});
2011/12/20

ServerSide:

     doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response){ 
            try{ //logic
            }catch(ApplicationException exception){ 
               response.setStatus(400);
               response.getWriter().write(exception.getMessage());
               //just added semicolon to end of line

           }
 }

ClientSide:

 jQuery.ajax({// just showing error property
           error: function(jqXHR,error, errorThrown) {  
               if(jqXHR.status&&jqXHR.status==400){
                    alert(jqXHR.responseText); 
               }else{
                   alert("Something went wrong");
               }
          }
    }); 

Generic Ajax Error Handling

If I need to do some generic error handling for all the ajax requests. I will set the ajaxError handler and display the error on a div named errorcontainer on the top of html content.

$("div#errorcontainer")
    .ajaxError(
        function(e, x, settings, exception) {
            var message;
            var statusErrorMap = {
                '400' : "Server understood the request, but request content was invalid.",
                '401' : "Unauthorized access.",
                '403' : "Forbidden resource can't be accessed.",
                '500' : "Internal server error.",
                '503' : "Service unavailable."
            };
            if (x.status) {
                message =statusErrorMap[x.status];
                                if(!message){
                                      message="Unknown Error \n.";
                                  }
            }else if(exception=='parsererror'){
                message="Error.\nParsing JSON Request failed.";
            }else if(exception=='timeout'){
                message="Request Time out.";
            }else if(exception=='abort'){
                message="Request was aborted by the server";
            }else {
                message="Unknown Error \n.";
            }
            $(this).css("display","inline");
            $(this).html(message);
                 });
2015/01/02

You need to convert the responseText to JSON. Using JQuery:

jsonValue = jQuery.parseJSON( jqXHR.responseText );
console.log(jsonValue.Message);
2014/08/08

If making a call to asp.net, this will return the error message title:

I didn't write all of formatErrorMessage myself but i find it very useful.

function formatErrorMessage(jqXHR, exception) {

    if (jqXHR.status === 0) {
        return ('Not connected.\nPlease verify your network connection.');
    } else if (jqXHR.status == 404) {
        return ('The requested page not found. [404]');
    } else if (jqXHR.status == 500) {
        return ('Internal Server Error [500].');
    } else if (exception === 'parsererror') {
        return ('Requested JSON parse failed.');
    } else if (exception === 'timeout') {
        return ('Time out error.');
    } else if (exception === 'abort') {
        return ('Ajax request aborted.');
    } else {
        return ('Uncaught Error.\n' + jqXHR.responseText);
    }
}


var jqxhr = $.post(addresshere, function() {
  alert("success");
})
.done(function() { alert("second success"); })
.fail(function(xhr, err) { 

    var responseTitle= $(xhr.responseText).filter('title').get(0);
    alert($(responseTitle).text() + "\n" + formatErrorMessage(xhr, err) ); 
})
2013/02/13

This is what I did and it works so far in a MVC 5 application.

Controller's return type is ContentResult.

public ContentResult DoSomething()
{
    if(somethingIsTrue)
    {
        Response.StatusCode = 500 //Anything other than 2XX HTTP status codes should work
        Response.Write("My Message");
        return new ContentResult();
    }

    //Do something in here//
    string json = "whatever json goes here";

    return new ContentResult{Content = json, ContentType = "application/json"};
}

And on client side this is what ajax function looks like

$.ajax({
    type: "POST",
    url: URL,
    data: DATA,
    dataType: "json",
    success: function (json) {
        //Do something with the returned json object.
    },
    error: function (xhr, status, errorThrown) {
        //Here the status code can be retrieved like;
        xhr.status;

        //The message added to Response object in Controller can be retrieved as following.
        xhr.responseText;
    }
});
2016/12/27

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/377644
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