Advertisement
Advertisement


Send email using java


Question

I'm trying to send an email using Java:

import java.util.*;
import javax.mail.*;
import javax.mail.internet.*;
import javax.activation.*;

public class SendEmail {

   public static void main(String [] args) {

      // Recipient's email ID needs to be mentioned.
      String to = "[email protected]";

      // Sender's email ID needs to be mentioned
      String from = "[email protected]";

      // Assuming you are sending email from localhost
      String host = "localhost";

      // Get system properties
      Properties properties = System.getProperties();

      // Setup mail server
      properties.setProperty("mail.smtp.host", host);

      // Get the default Session object.
      Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(properties);

      try{
         // Create a default MimeMessage object.
         MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);

         // Set From: header field of the header.
         message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));

         // Set To: header field of the header.
         message.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                                  new InternetAddress(to));

         // Set Subject: header field
         message.setSubject("This is the Subject Line!");

         // Now set the actual message
         message.setText("This is actual message");

         // Send message
         Transport.send(message);
         System.out.println("Sent message successfully....");
      }catch (MessagingException mex) {
         mex.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

I am getting the error :

javax.mail.MessagingException: Could not connect to SMTP host: localhost, port: 25;
  nested exception is:java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused: connect
        at com.sun.mail.smtp.SMTPTransport.openServer(SMTPTransport.java:1706)
        at com.sun.mail.smtp.SMTPTransport.protocolConnect(SMTPTransport.java:525)

Will this code work to send email?

2010/09/06
1
112
9/6/2010 4:40:36 AM


Following code worked for me.

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.util.Properties;

import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.AddressException;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;


public class SendMail {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        final String username = "[email protected]";
        final String password = "yourpassword";

        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
        props.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", "587");

        Session session = Session.getInstance(props,
          new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                return new PasswordAuthentication(username, password);
            }
          });

        try {

            Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
            message.setFrom(new InternetAddress("[email protected]"));
            message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                InternetAddress.parse("[email protected]"));
            message.setSubject("Testing Subject");
            message.setText("Dear Mail Crawler,"
                + "\n\n No spam to my email, please!");

            Transport.send(message);

            System.out.println("Done");

        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }
}
2013/03/20

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Properties;

import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;


public class SendEmail extends Object{

public static void main(String [] args)
{

    try{

        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.mail.yahoo.com"); // for gmail use smtp.gmail.com
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
        props.put("mail.debug", "true"); 
        props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", "465");
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false");

        Session mailSession = Session.getInstance(props, new javax.mail.Authenticator() {

            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                return new PasswordAuthentication("[email protected]", "password");
            }
        });

        mailSession.setDebug(true); // Enable the debug mode

        Message msg = new MimeMessage( mailSession );

        //--[ Set the FROM, TO, DATE and SUBJECT fields
        msg.setFrom( new InternetAddress( "[email protected]" ) );
        msg.setRecipients( Message.RecipientType.TO,InternetAddress.parse("[email protected]") );
        msg.setSentDate( new Date());
        msg.setSubject( "Hello World!" );

        //--[ Create the body of the mail
        msg.setText( "Hello from my first e-mail sent with JavaMail" );

        //--[ Ask the Transport class to send our mail message
        Transport.send( msg );

    }catch(Exception E){
        System.out.println( "Oops something has gone pearshaped!");
        System.out.println( E );
    }
}
}

Required jar files

Click here - How to add External Jars

2017/05/23

The short answer - No.

The long answer - no, since the code relies on the presence of a SMTP server running on the local machine, and listening on port 25. The SMTP server (technically the MTA or Mail Transfer Agent) is responsible for communicating with the Mail User Agent (MUA, which in this case is the Java process) to receive outgoing emails.

Now, MTAs are typically responsible for receiving mails from users for a particular domain. So, for the domain gmail.com, it would be the Google mail servers that are responsible for authenticating mail user agents and hence transferring of mails to inboxes on the GMail servers. I'm not sure if GMail trusts open mail relay servers, but it is certainly not an easy task to perform authentication on behalf on Google, and then relay mail to the GMail servers.

If you read the JavaMail FAQ on using JavaMail to accessing GMail, you'll notice that the hostname and the port happen to be pointing to the GMail servers, and certainly not to localhost. If you intend to use your local machine, you'll need to perform either relaying or forwarding.

You'll probably need to understand the SMTP protocol in depth if you intend to get anywhere when it comes to SMTP. You can start with the Wikipedia article on SMTP, but any further progress will actually necessitate programming against a SMTP server.

2010/09/06

You need a SMTP server for sending mails. There are servers you can install locally on your own pc, or you can use one of the many online servers. One of the more known servers is Google's:

I just successfully tested the allowed Google SMTP configurations using the first example from Simple Java Mail:

    final Email email = EmailBuilder.startingBlank()
        .from("lollypop", "[email protected]")
        .to("C.Cane", "[email protected]")
        .withPlainText("We should meet up!")
        .withHTMLText("<b>We should meet up!</b>")
        .withSubject("hey");

    // starting 5.0.0 do the following using the MailerBuilder instead...
    new Mailer("smtp.gmail.com", 25, "your user", "your password", TransportStrategy.SMTP_TLS).sendMail(email);
    new Mailer("smtp.gmail.com", 587, "your user", "your password", TransportStrategy.SMTP_TLS).sendMail(email);
    new Mailer("smtp.gmail.com", 465, "your user", "your password", TransportStrategy.SMTP_SSL).sendMail(email);

Notice the various ports and transport strategies (which handle all the necessary properties for you).

Curiously, Google require TLS on port 25 as well, even though Google's instructions say otherwise.

2018/03/01

It has been quite a while since this has been posted. But as of Nov 13, 2012 I can verify that port 465 still works.

Refer to GaryM's answer on this forum. I hope this helps few more people.

/*
* Created on Feb 21, 2005
*
*/

import java.security.Security;
import java.util.Properties;

import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

public class GoogleTest {

    private static final String SMTP_HOST_NAME = "smtp.gmail.com";
    private static final String SMTP_PORT = "465";
    private static final String emailMsgTxt = "Test Message Contents";
    private static final String emailSubjectTxt = "A test from gmail";
    private static final String emailFromAddress = "";
    private static final String SSL_FACTORY = "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory";
    private static final String[] sendTo = { "" };


    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {

        Security.addProvider(new com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Provider());

        new GoogleTest().sendSSLMessage(sendTo, emailSubjectTxt,
            emailMsgTxt, emailFromAddress);
        System.out.println("Sucessfully mail to All Users");
    }

    public void sendSSLMessage(String recipients[], String subject,
                               String message, String from) throws MessagingException {
        boolean debug = true;

        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put("mail.smtp.host", SMTP_HOST_NAME);
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
        props.put("mail.debug", "true");
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", SMTP_PORT);
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", SMTP_PORT);
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class", SSL_FACTORY);
        props.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.fallback", "false");

        Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props,
            new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
                protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                    return new PasswordAuthentication("xxxxxx", "xxxxxx");
            }
        });

        session.setDebug(debug);

        Message msg = new MimeMessage(session);
        InternetAddress addressFrom = new InternetAddress(from);
        msg.setFrom(addressFrom);

        InternetAddress[] addressTo = new InternetAddress[recipients.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < recipients.length; i++) {
            addressTo[i] = new InternetAddress(recipients);
        }
        msg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, addressTo);

        // Setting the Subject and Content Type
        msg.setSubject(subject);
        msg.setContent(message, "text/plain");
        Transport.send(msg);
    }
}
2018/03/01

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3649014
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Email: [email protected]