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getting the screen density programmatically in android?


Question

How to get the screen density programmatically in android?

I mean: How to find the screen dpi of the current device?

2018/02/21
1
521
2/21/2018 10:35:57 PM

Accepted Answer

You can get info on the display from the DisplayMetrics struct:

DisplayMetrics metrics = getResources().getDisplayMetrics();

Though Android doesn't use a direct pixel mapping, it uses a handful of quantized Density Independent Pixel values then scales to the actual screen size. So the metrics.densityDpi property will be one of the DENSITY_xxx constants (120, 160, 213, 240, 320, 480 or 640 dpi).

If you need the actual lcd pixel density (perhaps for an OpenGL app) you can get it from the metrics.xdpi and metrics.ydpi properties for horizontal and vertical density respectively.

If you are targeting API Levels earlier than 4. The metrics.density property is a floating point scaling factor from the reference density (160dpi). The same value now provided by metrics.densityDpi can be calculated

int densityDpi = (int)(metrics.density * 160f);
2018/02/21
534
2/21/2018 10:34:44 PM


DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);

switch(metrics.densityDpi) {
     case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_LOW:
         break;

     case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_MEDIUM:
         break;

     case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_HIGH:
         break;
}

This will work on API level 4 and higher.

2017/12/14

Blundell's answer as a static helper method:

private static String getDensityName(Context context) {
    float density = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
    if (density >= 4.0) {
        return "xxxhdpi";
    }
    if (density >= 3.0) {
        return "xxhdpi";
    }
    if (density >= 2.0) {
        return "xhdpi";
    }
    if (density >= 1.5) {
        return "hdpi";
    }
    if (density >= 1.0) {
        return "mdpi";
    }
    return "ldpi";
}
2017/05/23

Try this:

DisplayMetrics dm = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics();
int densityDpi = dm.densityDpi;
2012/07/12

To get dpi:

DisplayMetrics dm = new DisplayMetrics();
getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(dm);

// will either be DENSITY_LOW, DENSITY_MEDIUM or DENSITY_HIGH
int dpiClassification = dm.densityDpi;

// these will return the actual dpi horizontally and vertically
float xDpi = dm.xdpi;
float yDpi = dm.ydpi;
2010/07/02

Here are some density constants, source:

enter image description here

There are, in addition to the standard densities, 5 Intermediate ones. Taking into account this fact, the following code will be a complete working example:

float density = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;

if (density == 0.75f)
{
    // LDPI
}
else if (density >= 1.0f && density < 1.5f)
{
    // MDPI
}
else if (density == 1.5f)
{
    // HDPI
}
else if (density > 1.5f && density <= 2.0f)
{
    // XHDPI
}
else if (density > 2.0f && density <= 3.0f)
{
    // XXHDPI
}
else
{
    // XXXHDPI 
}

Alternatively, you can find density constants using the densityDpi:

int densityDpi = getResources().getDisplayMetrics().densityDpi;

switch (densityDpi)
{
    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_LOW:
        // LDPI
        break;

    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_MEDIUM:
        // MDPI
        break;

    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_TV:
    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_HIGH:
        // HDPI
        break;

    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XHIGH:
    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_280:
        // XHDPI
        break;

    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XXHIGH:
    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_360:
    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_400:
    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_420:
        // XXHDPI
        break;

    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_XXXHIGH:
    case DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_560:
        // XXXHDPI
        break;
}
2020/08/05

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3166501
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