PHP Connection failed: SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] Connection refused


I am trying to use a PHP connection to connect MySQL Database which is on phpmyadmin. Nothing fancy about the connection just trying to see whether the connection is successful or not. I am using MAMP to host the database, the connection I am trying to use is this:

$servername = "";
$username = "root";
$password = "root";

try {
    $conn = new PDO("mysql:host=$servername;dbname=AppDatabase", $username, $password);
    // set the PDO error mode to exception
    echo "Connected successfully"; 
catch(PDOException $e)
    echo "Connection failed: " . $e->getMessage();

I have been using postman to test to see if the connection is working, but I keep receiving this error message:

Connection failed: SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] Connection refused

Before I was receiving an error message of:

Connection failed: SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] No such file or directory

This was because I had set the servername to localhost, through changing this to the IP address it has given me connection refused and I have no idea what is wrong.

Any help regarding this would be appreciated.

4/4/2019 11:08:36 AM

Accepted Answer

I found the reason why the connection was not working, it was because the connection was trying to connect to port 8888, when it needed to connect to port 8889.

$conn = new PDO("mysql:host=$servername;port=8889;dbname=AppDatabase", $username, $password); 

This fixed the problem, although changing the server name to localhost still gives the error.

Connection failed: SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] No such file or directory

But it connects successfully when the IP address is entered for the server name.

4/1/2015 9:15:06 PM

In my case MySQL sever was not running. I restarted the MySQL server and issue was resolved.

//on ubuntu server
sudo /etc/init.d/mysql start

To avoid MySQL stop problem, you can use the "initctl" utility in Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Linux to make sure the service restarts in case of a failure or reboot. Please consider talking a snapshot of root volume (with mysql stopped) before performing this operations for data retention purpose[8]. You can use the following commands to manage the mysql service with "initctl" utility with stop and start operations.

$ sudo initctl stop mysql
$ sudo initctl start mysql

To verify the working, you can check the status of the service and get the process id (pid), simulate a failure by killing the "mysql" process and verify its status as running with new process id after sometime (typically within 1 minute) using the following commands.

$ sudo initctl status mysql         # get pid
$ sudo kill -9 <pid>                # kill mysql process
$ sudo initctl status mysql         # verify status as running after sometime

Using MAMP I changed the host=localhost to host= But a new issue came "connection refused"

Solved this by putting 'port' => '8889', in 'Datasources' => [


Using MAMP ON Mac, I solve my problem by renaming




For me was php version from mac instead of MAMP, PATH variable on .bash_profile was wrong. I just prepend the MAMP PHP bin folder to the $PATH env variable. For me was:

  1. In terminal run vim ~/.bash_profile to open ~/.bash_profile

  2. Type i to be able to edit the file, add the bin directory as PATH variable on the top to the file:

    export PATH="/Applications/mampstack-7.1.21-0/php/bin/:$PATH"

  3. Hit ESC, Type :wq, and hit Enter

  4. In Terminal run source ~/.bash_profile
  5. In Terminal type which php, output should be the path to MAMP PHP install.

I get the solution by running this command in terminal.

sudo killall mysqld