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Creating Threads in python


Question

I have a script and I want one function to run at the same time as the other.

The example code I have looked at:

import threading

def MyThread (threading.thread):
    # doing something........

def MyThread2 (threading.thread):
    # doing something........

MyThread().start()
MyThread2().start()

I am having trouble getting this working. I would prefer to get this going using a threaded function rather than a class.

This is the working script:

from threading import Thread

class myClass():

    def help(self):
        os.system('./ssh.py')

    def nope(self):
        a = [1,2,3,4,5,6,67,78]
        for i in a:
            print i
            sleep(1)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    Yep = myClass()
    thread = Thread(target = Yep.help)
    thread2 = Thread(target = Yep.nope)
    thread.start()
    thread2.start()
    thread.join()
    print 'Finished'
2019/06/28
1
179
6/28/2019 2:56:14 PM

Accepted Answer

You don't need to use a subclass of Thread to make this work - take a look at the simple example I'm posting below to see how:

from threading import Thread
from time import sleep

def threaded_function(arg):
    for i in range(arg):
        print("running")
        sleep(1)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    thread = Thread(target = threaded_function, args = (10, ))
    thread.start()
    thread.join()
    print("thread finished...exiting")

Here I show how to use the threading module to create a thread which invokes a normal function as its target. You can see how I can pass whatever arguments I need to it in the thread constructor.

2019/05/09
326
5/9/2019 5:54:01 PM

There are a few problems with your code:

def MyThread ( threading.thread ):
  • You can't subclass with a function; only with a class
  • If you were going to use a subclass you'd want threading.Thread, not threading.thread

If you really want to do this with only functions, you have two options:

With threading:

import threading
def MyThread1():
    pass
def MyThread2():
    pass

t1 = threading.Thread(target=MyThread1, args=[])
t2 = threading.Thread(target=MyThread2, args=[])
t1.start()
t2.start()

With thread:

import thread
def MyThread1():
    pass
def MyThread2():
    pass

thread.start_new_thread(MyThread1, ())
thread.start_new_thread(MyThread2, ())

Doc for thread.start_new_thread

2015/06/09

I tried to add another join(), and it seems worked. Here is code

from threading import Thread
from time import sleep

def function01(arg,name):
    for i in range(arg):
        print(name,'i---->',i,'\n')
        print (name,"arg---->",arg,'\n')
        sleep(1)

def test01():
    thread1 = Thread(target = function01, args = (10,'thread1', ))
    thread1.start()
    thread2 = Thread(target = function01, args = (10,'thread2', ))
    thread2.start()
    thread1.join()
    thread2.join()
    print ("thread finished...exiting")

test01()
2020/02/05

You can use the target argument in the Thread constructor to directly pass in a function that gets called instead of run.

2010/05/25

Did you override the run() method? If you overrided __init__, did you make sure to call the base threading.Thread.__init__()?

After starting the two threads, does the main thread continue to do work indefinitely/block/join on the child threads so that main thread execution does not end before the child threads complete their tasks?

And finally, are you getting any unhandled exceptions?

2010/05/25

Python 3 has the facility of Launching parallel tasks. This makes our work easier.

It has for thread pooling and Process pooling.

The following gives an insight:

ThreadPoolExecutor Example

import concurrent.futures
import urllib.request

URLS = ['http://www.foxnews.com/',
        'http://www.cnn.com/',
        'http://europe.wsj.com/',
        'http://www.bbc.co.uk/',
        'http://some-made-up-domain.com/']

# Retrieve a single page and report the URL and contents
def load_url(url, timeout):
    with urllib.request.urlopen(url, timeout=timeout) as conn:
        return conn.read()

# We can use a with statement to ensure threads are cleaned up promptly
with concurrent.futures.ThreadPoolExecutor(max_workers=5) as executor:
    # Start the load operations and mark each future with its URL
    future_to_url = {executor.submit(load_url, url, 60): url for url in URLS}
    for future in concurrent.futures.as_completed(future_to_url):
        url = future_to_url[future]
        try:
            data = future.result()
        except Exception as exc:
            print('%r generated an exception: %s' % (url, exc))
        else:
            print('%r page is %d bytes' % (url, len(data)))

Another Example

import concurrent.futures
import math

PRIMES = [
    112272535095293,
    112582705942171,
    112272535095293,
    115280095190773,
    115797848077099,
    1099726899285419]

def is_prime(n):
    if n % 2 == 0:
        return False

    sqrt_n = int(math.floor(math.sqrt(n)))
    for i in range(3, sqrt_n + 1, 2):
        if n % i == 0:
            return False
    return True

def main():
    with concurrent.futures.ThreadPoolExecutor(max_workers=5) as executor:
        for number, prime in zip(PRIMES, executor.map(is_prime, PRIMES)):
            print('%d is prime: %s' % (number, prime))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
2019/03/26

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2905965
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