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How to declare a variable in SQL Server and use it in the same Stored Procedure


Question

Im trying to get the value from BrandID in one table and add it to another table. But I can't get it to work. Anybody know how to do it right?

CREATE PROCEDURE AddBrand
AS

DECLARE 
@BrandName nvarchar(50),
@CategoryID int,
@BrandID int

SELECT @BrandID = BrandID FROM tblBrand 
WHERE BrandName = @BrandName

INSERT INTO tblBrandinCategory (CategoryID, BrandID) 
       VALUES (@CategoryID, @BrandID) 

RETURN
2010/05/09
1
43
5/9/2010 8:26:37 PM

Accepted Answer

What's going wrong with what you have? What error do you get, or what result do or don't you get that doesn't match your expectations?

I can see the following issues with that SP, which may or may not relate to your problem:

  • You have an extraneous ) after @BrandName in your SELECT (at the end)
  • You're not setting @CategoryID or @BrandName to anything anywhere (they're local variables, but you don't assign values to them)

Edit Responding to your comment: The error is telling you that you haven't declared any parameters for the SP (and you haven't), but you called it with parameters. Based on your reply about @CategoryID, I'm guessing you wanted it to be a parameter rather than a local variable. Try this:

CREATE PROCEDURE AddBrand
   @BrandName nvarchar(50),
   @CategoryID int
AS
BEGIN
   DECLARE @BrandID int

   SELECT @BrandID = BrandID FROM tblBrand WHERE BrandName = @BrandName

   INSERT INTO tblBrandinCategory (CategoryID, BrandID) VALUES (@CategoryID, @BrandID)
END

You would then call this like this:

EXEC AddBrand 'Gucci', 23

...assuming the brand name was 'Gucci' and category ID was 23.

2017/12/10
47
12/10/2017 8:23:11 AM

In sql 2012 (and maybe as far back as 2005), you should do this:

EXEC AddBrand @BrandName = 'Gucci', @CategoryId = 23
2014/03/13

CREATE PROCEDURE AddBrand
@BrandName nvarchar(50) = null,
@CategoryID int = null
AS    
BEGIN

DECLARE @BrandID int = null
SELECT @BrandID = BrandID FROM tblBrand 
WHERE BrandName = @BrandName

INSERT INTO tblBrandinCategory (CategoryID, BrandID) 
       VALUES (@CategoryID, @BrandID)

END

EXEC AddBrand @BrandName = 'BMW', @CategoryId = 1
2019/07/17

None of the above methods worked for me so i'm posting the way i did

DELIMITER $$
CREATE PROCEDURE AddBrand()
BEGIN 

DECLARE BrandName varchar(50);
DECLARE CategoryID,BrandID  int;
SELECT BrandID = BrandID FROM tblBrand 
WHERE BrandName = BrandName;

INSERT INTO tblBrandinCategory (CategoryID, BrandID) 
       VALUES (CategoryID, BrandID);
END$$
2018/10/19

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2793379
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