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How do I push a new local branch to a remote Git repository and track it too?


Question

I want to be able to do the following:

  1. Create a local branch based on some other (remote or local) branch (via git branch or git checkout -b)

  2. Push the local branch to the remote repository (publish), but make it trackable so git pull and git push will work immediately.

How do I do that?

I know about --set-upstream in Git 1.7, but that is a post-creation action. I want to find a way to make a similar change when pushing the branch to the remote repository.

2019/02/09
1
4430
2/9/2019 1:29:55 AM

Accepted Answer

In Git 1.7.0 and later, you can checkout a new branch:

git checkout -b <branch>

Edit files, add and commit. Then push with the -u (short for --set-upstream) option:

git push -u origin <branch>

Git will set up the tracking information during the push.

2017/09/23
6769
9/23/2017 8:27:17 PM

If you are not sharing your repo with others, this is useful to push all your branches to the remote, and --set-upstream tracking correctly for you:

git push --all -u

(Not exactly what the OP was asking for, but this one-liner is pretty popular)

If you are sharing your repo with others this isn't really good form as you will clog up the repo with all your dodgy experimental branches.

2018/03/19

Prior to the introduction of git push -u, there was no git push option to obtain what you desire. You had to add new configuration statements.

If you create a new branch using:

$ git checkout -b branchB
$ git push origin branchB:branchB

You can use the git config command to avoid editing directly the .git/config file.

$ git config branch.branchB.remote origin
$ git config branch.branchB.merge refs/heads/branchB

Or you can edit manually the .git/config file to had tracking information to this branch.

[branch "branchB"]
    remote = origin
    merge = refs/heads/branchB
2016/02/01

Simply put, to create a new local branch, do:

git branch <branch-name>

To push it to the remote repository, do:

git push -u origin <branch-name>
2016/02/10

A slight variation of the solutions already given here:

  1. Create a local branch based on some other (remote or local) branch:

    git checkout -b branchname
    
  2. Push the local branch to the remote repository (publish), but make it trackable so git pull and git push will work immediately

    git push -u origin HEAD
    

    Using HEAD is a "handy way to push the current branch to the same name on the remote". Source: https://git-scm.com/docs/git-push In Git terms, HEAD (in uppercase) is a reference to the top of the current branch (tree).

    The -u option is just short for --set-upstream. This will add an upstream tracking reference for the current branch. you can verify this by looking in your .git/config file:

    Enter image description here

2020/01/29

I simply do

git push -u origin localBranch:remoteBranchToBeCreated

over an already cloned project.

Git creates a new branch named remoteBranchToBeCreated under my commits I did in localBranch.

Edit: this changes your current local branch's (possibly named localBranch) upstream to origin/remoteBranchToBeCreated. To fix that, simply type:

git branch --set-upstream-to=origin/localBranch

So your current local branch now tracks origin/localBranch back.

2019/09/03

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2765421
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