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How to Select Top 100 rows in Oracle?


Question

My requirement is to get each client's latest order, and then get top 100 records.

I wrote one query as below to get latest orders for each client. Internal query works fine. But I don't know how to get first 100 based on the results.

    SELECT * FROM (
      SELECT id, client_id, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY client_id ORDER BY create_time DESC) rn 
      FROM order
    ) WHERE rn=1

Any ideas? Thanks.

2014/11/20
1
58
11/20/2014 8:34:15 AM

Accepted Answer

Assuming that create_time contains the time the order was created, and you want the 100 clients with the latest orders, you can:

  • add the create_time in your innermost query
  • order the results of your outer query by the create_time desc
  • add an outermost query that filters the first 100 rows using ROWNUM

Query:

  SELECT * FROM (
     SELECT * FROM (
        SELECT 
          id, 
          client_id, 
          create_time,
          ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY client_id ORDER BY create_time DESC) rn 
        FROM order
      ) 
      WHERE rn=1
      ORDER BY create_time desc
  ) WHERE rownum <= 100

UPDATE for Oracle 12c

With release 12.1, Oracle introduced "real" Top-N queries. Using the new FETCH FIRST... syntax, you can also use:

  SELECT * FROM (
    SELECT 
      id, 
      client_id, 
      create_time,
      ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY client_id ORDER BY create_time DESC) rn 
    FROM order
  ) 
  WHERE rn = 1
  ORDER BY create_time desc
  FETCH FIRST 100 ROWS ONLY)
2017/11/17
65
11/17/2017 12:12:35 PM


As Moneer Kamal said, you can do that simply:

SELECT id, client_id FROM order 
WHERE rownum <= 100
ORDER BY create_time DESC;

Notice that the ordering is done after getting the 100 row. This might be useful for who does not want ordering.

2019/07/01

First 10 customers inserted into db (table customers):

select * from customers where customer_id <=
(select  min(customer_id)+10 from customers)

Last 10 customers inserted into db (table customers):

select * from customers where customer_id >=
(select  max(customer_id)-10 from customers)

Hope this helps....

2019/01/10

Try this:

   SELECT *
FROM (SELECT * FROM (
    SELECT 
      id, 
      client_id, 
      create_time,
      ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY client_id ORDER BY create_time DESC) rn 
    FROM order
  ) 
  WHERE rn=1
  ORDER BY create_time desc) alias_name
WHERE rownum <= 100
ORDER BY rownum;

Or TOP:

SELECT TOP 2 * FROM Customers; //But not supported in Oracle

NOTE: I suppose that your internal query is fine. Please share your output of this.

2014/11/20