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Launching Google Maps Directions via an intent on Android


Question

My app needs to show Google Maps directions from A to B, but I don't want to put the Google Maps into my application - instead, I want to launch it using an Intent. Is this possible? If yes, how?

2015/04/05
1
403
4/5/2015 1:45:32 PM

Accepted Answer

You could use something like this:

Intent intent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW, 
    Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=20.344,34.34&daddr=20.5666,45.345"));
startActivity(intent);

To start the navigation from the current location, remove the saddr parameter and value.

You can use an actual street address instead of latitude and longitude. However this will give the user a dialog to choose between opening it via browser or Google Maps.

This will fire up Google Maps in navigation mode directly:

Intent intent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW,
    Uri.parse("google.navigation:q=an+address+city"));

UPDATE

In May 2017 Google launched the new API for universal, cross-platform Google Maps URLs:

https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/urls/guide

You can use Intents with the new API as well.

2017/05/23
634
5/23/2017 2:54:11 PM

This is a little off-topic because you asked for "directions", but you can also use the Geo URI scheme described in the Android Documentation:

http://developer.android.com/guide/appendix/g-app-intents.html

The problem using "geo:latitude,longitude" is that Google Maps only centers at your point, without any pin or label.

That's quite confusing, especially if you need to point to a precise place or/and ask for directions.

If you use the query parameter "geo:lat,lon?q=name" in order to label your geopoint, it uses the query for search and dismiss the lat/lon parameters.

I found a way to center the map with lat/lon and display a pin with a custom label, very nice to display and useful when asking for directions or any other action:

Intent intent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW, 
Uri.parse("geo:0,0?q=37.423156,-122.084917 (" + name + ")"));
startActivity(intent);

NOTE (by @TheNail): Not working in Maps v.7 (latest version at the time of writing). Will ignore the coordinates and search for an object with the given name between the parentheses. See also Intent for Google Maps 7.0.0 with location

2017/05/23

Although the current answers are great, none of them did quite what I was looking for, I wanted to open the maps app only, add a name for each of the source location and destination, using the geo URI scheme wouldn't work for me at all and the maps web link didn't have labels so I came up with this solution, which is essentially an amalgamation of the other solutions and comments made here, hopefully it's helpful to others viewing this question.

String uri = String.format(Locale.ENGLISH, "http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=%f,%f(%s)&daddr=%f,%f (%s)", sourceLatitude, sourceLongitude, "Home Sweet Home", destinationLatitude, destinationLongitude, "Where the party is at");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(uri));
intent.setPackage("com.google.android.apps.maps");
startActivity(intent);

To use your current location as the starting point (unfortunately I haven't found a way to label the current location) then use the following

String uri = String.format(Locale.ENGLISH, "http://maps.google.com/maps?daddr=%f,%f (%s)", destinationLatitude, destinationLongitude, "Where the party is at");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(uri));
intent.setPackage("com.google.android.apps.maps");
startActivity(intent);

For completeness, if the user doesn't have the maps app installed then it's going to be a good idea to catch the ActivityNotFoundException, then we can start the activity again without the maps app restriction, we can be pretty sure that we will never get to the Toast at the end since an internet browser is a valid application to launch this url scheme too.

        String uri = String.format(Locale.ENGLISH, "http://maps.google.com/maps?daddr=%f,%f (%s)", 12f, 2f, "Where the party is at");
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(uri));
        intent.setPackage("com.google.android.apps.maps");
        try
        {
            startActivity(intent);
        }
        catch(ActivityNotFoundException ex)
        {
            try
            {
                Intent unrestrictedIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(uri));
                startActivity(unrestrictedIntent);
            }
            catch(ActivityNotFoundException innerEx)
            {
                Toast.makeText(this, "Please install a maps application", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        }

P.S. Any latitudes or longitudes used in my example are not representative of my location, any likeness to a true location is pure coincidence, aka I'm not from Africa :P

EDIT:

For directions, a navigation intent is now supported with google.navigation

Uri navigationIntentUri = Uri.parse("google.navigation:q=" + 12f +"," + 2f);//creating intent with latlng
Intent mapIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, navigationIntentUri);
mapIntent.setPackage("com.google.android.apps.maps");
startActivity(mapIntent);
2018/10/02

Using the latest cross-platform Google Maps URLs: Even if google maps app is missing it will open in browser

Example https://www.google.com/maps/dir/?api=1&origin=81.23444,67.0000&destination=80.252059,13.060604

Uri.Builder builder = new Uri.Builder();
builder.scheme("https")
    .authority("www.google.com")
    .appendPath("maps")
    .appendPath("dir")
    .appendPath("")
    .appendQueryParameter("api", "1")
    .appendQueryParameter("destination", 80.00023 + "," + 13.0783);
String url = builder.build().toString();
Log.d("Directions", url);
Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
i.setData(Uri.parse(url));
startActivity(i);
2019/06/26

Open Google Maps using Intent with different Modes:

We can open Google Maps app using intent:

val gmmIntentUri = Uri.parse("google.navigation:q="+destintationLatitude+","+destintationLongitude + "&mode=b")
val mapIntent = Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, gmmIntentUri)
mapIntent.setPackage("com.google.android.apps.maps")
startActivity(mapIntent)

Here, "mode=b" is for bicycle.

We can set driving, walking, and bicycling mode by using:

  • d for driving
  • w for walking
  • b for bicycling

You can find more about intent with google maps here.

Note: If there is no route for the bicycle/car/walk then it will show you "Can't find the way there"

You can check my original answer here.

2018/11/22

Well you can try to open the built-in application Android Maps by using the Intent.setClassName method.

Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,Uri.parse("geo:37.827500,-122.481670"));
i.setClassName("com.google.android.apps.maps",
    "com.google.android.maps.MapsActivity");
startActivity(i);

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2662531
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