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How can I generate a list of files with their absolute path in Linux?


Question

I am writing a shell script that takes file paths as input.

For this reason, I need to generate recursive file listings with full paths. For example, the file bar has the path:

/home/ken/foo/bar

but, as far as I can see, both ls and find only give relative path listings:

./foo/bar   (from the folder ken)

It seems like an obvious requirement, but I can't see anything in the find or ls man pages.

How can I generate a list of files in the shell including their absolute paths?

2019/02/08
1
308
2/8/2019 7:13:44 PM

Accepted Answer

If you give find an absolute path to start with, it will print absolute paths. For instance, to find all .htaccess files in the current directory:

find "$(pwd)" -name .htaccess

or if your shell expands $PWD to the current directory:

find "$PWD" -name .htaccess

find simply prepends the path it was given to a relative path to the file from that path.

Greg Hewgill also suggested using pwd -P if you want to resolve symlinks in your current directory.

2019/02/10
312
2/10/2019 8:56:18 AM


Use this for dirs (the / after ** is needed in bash to limit it to directories):

ls -d -1 "$PWD/"**/

this for files and directories directly under the current directory, whose names contain a .:

ls -d -1 "$PWD/"*.*

this for everything:

ls -d -1 "$PWD/"**/*

Taken from here http://www.zsh.org/mla/users/2002/msg00033.html

In bash, ** is recursive if you enable shopt -s globstar.

2019/02/10

You can use

find $PWD 

in bash

2008/10/29

ls -d "$PWD/"*

This looks only in the current directory. It quotes "$PWD" in case it contains spaces.

2019/02/10

Command: ls -1 -d "$PWD/"*

This will give the absolute paths of the file like below.

[[email protected] ssl]# ls -1 -d "$PWD/"*
/etc/kubernetes/folder/file-test-config.txt
/etc/kubernetes/folder/file-test.txt
/etc/kubernetes/folder/file-client.txt
2019/03/19

The $PWD is a good option by Matthew above. If you want find to only print files then you can also add the -type f option to search only normal files. Other options are "d" for directories only etc. So in your case it would be (if i want to search only for files with .c ext):

find $PWD -type f -name "*.c" 

or if you want all files:

find $PWD -type f

Note: You can't make an alias for the above command, because $PWD gets auto-completed to your home directory when the alias is being set by bash.

2011/11/23

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/246215
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