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Android: show soft keyboard automatically when focus is on an EditText


Question

I'm showing an input box using AlertDialog. The EditText inside the dialog itself is automatically focused when I call AlertDialog.show(), but the soft keyboard is not automatically shown.

How do I make the soft keyboard automatically show when the dialog is shown? (and there is no physical/hardware keyboard). Similar to how when I press the Search button to invoke the global search, the soft keyboard is automatically shown.

1
344
3/8/2010 6:22:35 PM

Accepted Answer

You can create a focus listener on the EditText on the AlertDialog, then get the AlertDialog's Window. From there you can make the soft keyboard show by calling setSoftInputMode.

final AlertDialog dialog = ...;

editText.setOnFocusChangeListener(new View.OnFocusChangeListener() {
    @Override
    public void onFocusChange(View v, boolean hasFocus) {
        if (hasFocus) {
            dialog.getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_VISIBLE);
        }
    }
});
307
3/10/2010 3:54:14 PM


You can request a soft keyboard right after creating the dialog (test on SDK - r20)

// create dialog
final AlertDialog dialog = ...; 

// request keyboard   
dialog.getWindow().setSoftInputMode (WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_VISIBLE);
2015/05/12

I had the same problem and solved it with the following code. I'm not sure how it will behave on a phone with hardware keyboard.

// TextEdit
final EditText textEdit = new EditText(this);

// Builder
AlertDialog.Builder alert = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
alert.setTitle("Enter text");
alert.setView(textEdit);

alert.setPositiveButton("Ok", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
    @Override
    public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
        String text = textEdit.getText().toString();
        finish();
    }
});

alert.setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
    @Override
    public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
        finish();
    }
});

// Dialog
AlertDialog dialog = alert.create();
dialog.setOnShowListener(new OnShowListener() {

    @Override
    public void onShow(DialogInterface dialog) {
        InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
        imm.showSoftInput(textEdit, InputMethodManager.SHOW_IMPLICIT);
    }
});

dialog.show();
2011/10/11

I found this example http://android-codes-examples.blogspot.com/2011/11/show-or-hide-soft-keyboard-on-opening.html. Add the following code just before alert.show().

InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
imm.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.SHOW_FORCED,0);
2012/02/28

<activity
    ...
    android:windowSoftInputMode="stateVisible" >
</activity>

or

getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_VISIBLE);
2013/09/05

Snippets of code from other answers work, but it is not always obvious where to place them in the code, especially if you are using an AlertDialog.Builder and followed the official dialog tutorial because it doesn't use final AlertDialog ... or alertDialog.show().

alertDialog.getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_VISIBLE);

Is preferable to

InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
imm.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.SHOW_FORCED,0);

Because SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_VISIBLE will hide the keyboard if the focus switches away from the EditText, where SHOW_FORCED will keep the keyboard displayed until it is explicitly dismissed, even if the user returns to the homescreen or displays the recent apps.

Below is working code for an AlertDialog created using a custom layout with an EditText defined in XML. It also sets the keyboard to have a "go" key and allows it to trigger the positive button.

alert_dialog.xml:

<RelativeLayout
android:id="@+id/dialogRelativeLayout"
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" >

    <!-- android:imeOptions="actionGo" sets the keyboard to have a "go" key instead of a "new line" key. -->
    <!-- android:inputType="textUri" disables spell check in the EditText and changes the "go" key from a check mark to an arrow. -->
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="4dp"
        android:layout_marginRight="4dp"
        android:layout_marginBottom="16dp"
        android:imeOptions="actionGo"
        android:inputType="textUri"/>

</RelativeLayout>

AlertDialog.java:

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.Dialog;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.graphics.drawable.BitmapDrawable;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.v4.app.DialogFragment;
import android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatDialogFragment;
import android.view.KeyEvent;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class CreateDialog extends AppCompatDialogFragment {
    // The public interface is used to send information back to the activity that called CreateDialog.
    public interface CreateDialogListener {
        void onCreateDialogCancel(DialogFragment dialog);    
        void onCreateDialogOK(DialogFragment dialog);
    }

    CreateDialogListener mListener;

    // Check to make sure that the activity that called CreateDialog implements both listeners.
    public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
        super.onAttach(activity);
        try {
            mListener = (CreateDialogListener) activity;
        } catch (ClassCastException e) {
            throw new ClassCastException(activity.toString() + " must implement CreateDialogListener.");
        }
    }

    // onCreateDialog requires @NonNull.
    @Override
    @NonNull
    public Dialog onCreateDialog(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        AlertDialog.Builder alertDialogBuilder = new AlertDialog.Builder(getActivity());
        LayoutInflater customDialogInflater = getActivity().getLayoutInflater();

        // Setup dialogBuilder.
        alertDialogBuilder.setTitle(R.string.title);
        alertDialogBuilder.setView(customDialogInflater.inflate(R.layout.alert_dialog, null));
        alertDialogBuilder.setNegativeButton(R.string.cancel, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                mListener.onCreateDialogCancel(CreateDialog.this);
            }
        });
        alertDialogBuilder.setPositiveButton(R.string.ok, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                mListener.onCreateDialogOK(CreateDialog.this);
            }
        });

        // Assign the resulting built dialog to an AlertDialog.
        final AlertDialog alertDialog = alertDialogBuilder.create();

        // Show the keyboard when the dialog is displayed on the screen.
        alertDialog.getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_VISIBLE);

        // We need to show alertDialog before we can setOnKeyListener below.
        alertDialog.show();

        EditText editText = (EditText) alertDialog.findViewById(R.id.editText);

        // Allow the "enter" key on the keyboard to execute "OK".
        editText.setOnKeyListener(new View.OnKeyListener() {
            public boolean onKey(View v, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) {
                // If the event is a key-down event on the "enter" button, select the PositiveButton "OK".
                if ((event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) && (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_ENTER)) {
                    // Trigger the create listener.
                    mListener.onCreateDialogOK(CreateDialog.this);

                    // Manually dismiss alertDialog.
                    alertDialog.dismiss();

                    // Consume the event.
                    return true;
                } else {
                    // If any other key was pressed, do not consume the event.
                    return false;
                }
            }
        });

        // onCreateDialog requires the return of an AlertDialog.
        return alertDialog;
    }
}
2015/12/17

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2403632
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