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SQL update from one Table to another based on a ID match


Question

I have a database with account numbers and card numbers. I match these to a file to update any card numbers to the account number, so that I am only working with account numbers.

I created a view linking the table to the account/card database to return the Table ID and the related account number, and now I need to update those records where the ID matches with the Account Number.

This is the Sales_Import table, where the account number field needs to be updated:

LeadID  AccountNumber
147         5807811235
150         5807811326
185         7006100100007267039

And this is the RetrieveAccountNumber table, where I need to update from:

LeadID  AccountNumber
147         7006100100007266957
150         7006100100007267039

I tried the below, but no luck so far:

UPDATE [Sales_Lead].[dbo].[Sales_Import] 
SET    [AccountNumber] = (SELECT RetrieveAccountNumber.AccountNumber 
                          FROM   RetrieveAccountNumber 
                          WHERE  [Sales_Lead].[dbo].[Sales_Import]. LeadID = 
                                                RetrieveAccountNumber.LeadID) 

It updates the card numbers to account numbers, but the account numbers gets replaced by NULL

2018/03/26
1
950
3/26/2018 9:45:33 AM


The simple Way to copy the content from one table to other is as follow:

UPDATE table2 
SET table2.col1 = table1.col1, 
table2.col2 = table1.col2,
...
FROM table1, table2 
WHERE table1.memberid = table2.memberid

You can also add the condition to get the particular data copied.

2013/07/15

For SQL Server 2008 + Using MERGE rather than the proprietary UPDATE ... FROM syntax has some appeal.

As well as being standard SQL and thus more portable it also will raise an error in the event of there being multiple joined rows on the source side (and thus multiple possible different values to use in the update) rather than having the final result be undeterministic.

MERGE INTO Sales_Import
   USING RetrieveAccountNumber
      ON Sales_Import.LeadID = RetrieveAccountNumber.LeadID
WHEN MATCHED THEN
   UPDATE 
      SET AccountNumber = RetrieveAccountNumber.AccountNumber;

Unfortunately the choice of which to use may not come down purely to preferred style however. The implementation of MERGE in SQL Server has been afflicted with various bugs. Aaron Bertrand has compiled a list of the reported ones here.

2013/12/01

Generic answer for future developers.

SQL Server

UPDATE 
     t1
SET 
     t1.column = t2.column
FROM 
     Table1 t1 
     INNER JOIN Table2 t2 
     ON t1.id = t2.id;

Oracle (and SQL Server)

UPDATE 
     t1
SET 
     t1.colmun = t2.column 
FROM 
     Table1 t1, 
     Table2 t2 
WHERE 
     t1.ID = t2.ID;

MySQL

UPDATE 
     Table1 t1, 
     Table2 t2
SET 
     t1.column = t2.column 
WHERE
     t1.ID = t2.ID;
2016/10/23

For PostgreSQL:

UPDATE Sales_Import SI
SET AccountNumber = RAN.AccountNumber
FROM RetrieveAccountNumber RAN
WHERE RAN.LeadID = SI.LeadID; 
2014/07/16

Seems you are using MSSQL, then, if I remember correctly, it is done like this:

UPDATE [Sales_Lead].[dbo].[Sales_Import] SET [AccountNumber] = 
RetrieveAccountNumber.AccountNumber 
FROM RetrieveAccountNumber 
WHERE [Sales_Lead].[dbo].[Sales_Import].LeadID = RetrieveAccountNumber.LeadID
2008/10/22

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/224732
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