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How to exit an if clause


Question

What sorts of methods exist for prematurely exiting an if clause?

There are times when I'm writing code and want to put a break statement inside of an if clause, only to remember that those can only be used for loops.

Lets take the following code as an example:

if some_condition:
   ...
   if condition_a:
       # do something
       # and then exit the outer if block
   ...
   if condition_b:
       # do something
       # and then exit the outer if block
   # more code here

I can think of one way to do this: assuming the exit cases happen within nested if statements, wrap the remaining code in a big else block. Example:

if some_condition:
   ...
   if condition_a:
       # do something
       # and then exit the outer if block
   else:
       ...
       if condition_b:
           # do something
           # and then exit the outer if block
       else:
           # more code here

The problem with this is that more exit locations mean more nesting/indented code.

Alternatively, I could write my code to have the if clauses be as small as possible and not require any exits.

Does anyone know of a good/better way to exit an if clause?

If there are any associated else-if and else clauses, I figure that exiting would skip over them.

2010/01/15
1
104
1/15/2010 5:20:54 AM

Accepted Answer

(This method works for ifs, multiple nested loops and other constructs that you can't break from easily.)

Wrap the code in its own function. Instead of break, use return.

Example:

def some_function():
    if condition_a:
        # do something and return early
        ...
        return
    ...
    if condition_b:
        # do something else and return early
        ...
        return
    ...
    return

if outer_condition:
    ...
    some_function()
    ...
2018/08/07
99
8/7/2018 1:23:27 PM


while some_condition:
   ...
   if condition_a:
       # do something
       break
   ...
   if condition_b:
       # do something
       break
   # more code here
   break
2010/01/19

You can emulate goto's functionality with exceptions:

try:
    # blah, blah ...
    # raise MyFunkyException as soon as you want out
except MyFunkyException:
    pass

Disclaimer: I only mean to bring to your attention the possibility of doing things this way, while in no way do I endorse it as reasonable under normal circumstances. As I mentioned in a comment on the question, structuring code so as to avoid Byzantine conditionals in the first place is preferable by far. :-)

2010/01/15

may be this?

if some_condition and condition_a:
       # do something
elif some_condition and condition_b:
           # do something
           # and then exit the outer if block
elif some_condition and not condition_b:
           # more code here
else:
     #blah
if
2010/01/15

For what was actually asked, my approach is to put those ifs inside a one-looped loop

while (True):
    if (some_condition):
        ...
        if (condition_a):
            # do something
            # and then exit the outer if block
            break
        ...
        if (condition_b):
            # do something
            # and then exit the outer if block
            break
        # more code here
    # make sure it is looped once
    break

Test it:

conditions = [True,False]
some_condition = True

for condition_a in conditions:
    for condition_b in conditions:
        print("\n")
        print("with condition_a", condition_a)
        print("with condition_b", condition_b)
        while (True):
            if (some_condition):
                print("checkpoint 1")
                if (condition_a):
                    # do something
                    # and then exit the outer if block
                    print("checkpoint 2")
                    break
                print ("checkpoint 3")
                if (condition_b):
                    # do something
                    # and then exit the outer if block
                    print("checkpoint 4")
                    break
                print ("checkpoint 5")
                # more code here
            # make sure it is looped once
            break
2015/09/08

Generally speaking, don't. If you are nesting "ifs" and breaking from them, you are doing it wrong.

However, if you must:

if condition_a:
   def condition_a_fun():
       do_stuff()
       if we_wanna_escape:
           return
   condition_a_fun()
if condition_b:
   def condition_b_fun():
       do_more_stuff()
       if we_wanna_get_out_again:
           return
   condition_b_fun()

Note, the functions don't HAVE to be declared in the if statement, they can be declared in advance ;) This would be a better choice, since it will avoid needing to refactor out an ugly if/then later on.

2010/04/16

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2069662
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