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Call a function from another file in Python


Question

Set_up: I have a .py file for each function I need to use in a program.

In this program, I need to call the function from the external files.

I've tried:

from file.py import function(a,b)

But I get the error:

ImportError: No module named 'file.py'; file is not a package

How do I fix this problem?

2017/09/16
1
538
9/16/2017 12:25:43 PM

Accepted Answer

There isn't any need to add file.py while importing. Just write from file import function, and then call the function using function(a, b). The reason why this may not work, is because file is one of Python's core modules, so I suggest you change the name of your file.

Note that if you're trying to import functions from a.py to a file called b.py, you will need to make sure that a.py and b.py are in the same directory.

2017/09/16
592
9/16/2017 12:26:43 PM

First of all you do not need a .py.

If you have a file a.py and inside you have some functions:

def b():
  # Something
  return 1

def c():
  # Something
  return 2

And you want to import them in z.py you have to write

from a import b, c
2017/09/16

You can do this in 2 ways. First is just to import the specific function you want from file.py. To do this use

from file import function

Another way is to import the entire file

import file as fl

Then you can call any function inside file.py using

fl.function(a,b)
2017/07/20

If your file is in the different package structure and you want to call it from a different package, then you can call it in that fashion:

Let's say you have following package structure in your python project:

Python package and file structure

in - com.my.func.DifferentFunction python file you have some function, like:

def add(arg1, arg2):
    return arg1 + arg2

def sub(arg1, arg2) :
    return arg1 - arg2

def mul(arg1, arg2) :
    return arg1 * arg2

And you want to call different functions from Example3.py, then following way you can do it:

Define import statement in Example3.py - file for import all function

from com.my.func.DifferentFunction import *

or define each function name which you want to import

from com.my.func.DifferentFunction import add, sub, mul

Then in Example3.py you can call function for execute:

num1 = 20
num2 = 10

print("\n add : ", add(num1,num2))
print("\n sub : ", sub(num1,num2))
print("\n mul : ", mul(num1,num2))

Output:

 add :  30

 sub :  10

 mul :  200
2019/01/31

You can call the function from a different directory as well, in case you cannot or do not want to have the function in the same directory you are working. You can do this in two ways (perhaps there are more alternatives, but these are the ones that have worked for me).

Alternative 1 Temporarily change your working directory

import os

os.chdir("**Put here the directory where you have the file with your function**")

from file import function

os.chdir("**Put here the directory where you were working**")

Alternative 2 Add the directory where you have your function to sys.path

import sys

sys.path.append("**Put here the directory where you have the file with your function**")

from file import function
2018/03/16

Came across the same feature but I had to do the below to make it work.

If you are seeing 'ModuleNotFoundError: No module named', you probably need the dot(.) in front of the filename as below;

from .file import funtion

2018/09/27