Advertisement
Advertisement


Get all unique values in a JavaScript array (remove duplicates)


Question

I have an array of numbers that I need to make sure are unique. I found the code snippet below on the internet and it works great until the array has a zero in it. I found this other script here on Stack Overflow that looks almost exactly like it, but it doesn't fail.

So for the sake of helping me learn, can someone help me determine where the prototype script is going wrong?

Array.prototype.getUnique = function() {
 var o = {}, a = [], i, e;
 for (i = 0; e = this[i]; i++) {o[e] = 1};
 for (e in o) {a.push (e)};
 return a;
}

More answers from duplicate question:

Similar question:

2019/12/17
1
1586
12/17/2019 5:10:50 AM

Accepted Answer

With JavaScript 1.6 / ECMAScript 5 you can use the native filter method of an Array in the following way to get an array with unique values:

function onlyUnique(value, index, self) { 
    return self.indexOf(value) === index;
}

// usage example:
var a = ['a', 1, 'a', 2, '1'];
var unique = a.filter( onlyUnique ); // returns ['a', 1, 2, '1']

The native method filter will loop through the array and leave only those entries that pass the given callback function onlyUnique.

onlyUnique checks, if the given value is the first occurring. If not, it must be a duplicate and will not be copied.

This solution works without any extra library like jQuery or prototype.js.

It works for arrays with mixed value types too.

For old Browsers (<ie9), that do not support the native methods filter and indexOf you can find work arounds in the MDN documentation for filter and indexOf.

If you want to keep the last occurrence of a value, simple replace indexOf by lastIndexOf.

With ES6 it could be shorten to this:

// usage example:
var myArray = ['a', 1, 'a', 2, '1'];
var unique = myArray.filter((v, i, a) => a.indexOf(v) === i); 

// unique is ['a', 1, 2, '1']

Thanks to Camilo Martin for hint in comment.

ES6 has a native object Set to store unique values. To get an array with unique values you could do now this:

var myArray = ['a', 1, 'a', 2, '1'];

let unique = [...new Set(myArray)]; 

// unique is ['a', 1, 2, '1']

The constructor of Set takes an iterable object, like Array, and the spread operator ... transform the set back into an Array. Thanks to Lukas Liese for hint in comment.

2018/08/01
2811
8/1/2018 3:17:37 PM


I split all answers to 4 possible solutions:

  1. Use object { } to prevent duplicates
  2. Use helper array [ ]
  3. Use filter + indexOf
  4. Bonus! ES6 Sets method.

Here's sample codes found in answers:

Use object { } to prevent duplicates

function uniqueArray1( ar ) {
  var j = {};

  ar.forEach( function(v) {
    j[v+ '::' + typeof v] = v;
  });

  return Object.keys(j).map(function(v){
    return j[v];
  });
} 

Use helper array [ ]

function uniqueArray2(arr) {
    var a = [];
    for (var i=0, l=arr.length; i<l; i++)
        if (a.indexOf(arr[i]) === -1 && arr[i] !== '')
            a.push(arr[i]);
    return a;
}

Use filter + indexOf

function uniqueArray3(a) {
  function onlyUnique(value, index, self) { 
      return self.indexOf(value) === index;
  }

  // usage
  var unique = a.filter( onlyUnique ); // returns ['a', 1, 2, '1']

  return unique;
}

Use ES6 [...new Set(a)]

function uniqueArray4(a) {
  return [...new Set(a)];
}

And I wondered which one is faster. I've made sample Google Sheet to test functions. Note: ECMA 6 is not avaliable in Google Sheets, so I can't test it.

Here's the result of tests: enter image description here

I expected to see that code using object { } will win because it uses hash. So I'm glad that tests showed the best results for this algorithm in Chrome and IE. Thanks to @rab for the code.

Update 2020

Google Script enabled ES6 Engine. Now I tested the last code with Sets and it appeared faster than the object method.

2020/06/09

You can also use underscore.js.

console.log(_.uniq([1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 4]));
<script src="http://underscorejs.org/underscore-min.js"></script>

which will return:

[1, 2, 3, 4]
2017/03/23

One Liner, Pure JavaScript

With ES6 syntax

list = list.filter((x, i, a) => a.indexOf(x) == i)

x --> item in array
i --> index of item
a --> array reference, (in this case "list")

enter image description here

With ES5 syntax

list = list.filter(function (x, i, a) { 
    return a.indexOf(x) == i; 
});

Browser Compatibility: IE9+

2020/06/20

I have since found a nice method that uses jQuery

arr = $.grep(arr, function(v, k){
    return $.inArray(v ,arr) === k;
});

Note: This code was pulled from Paul Irish's duck punching post - I forgot to give credit :P

2012/12/18

Shortest solution with ES6: [...new Set( [1, 1, 2] )];

Or if you want to modify the Array prototype (like in the original question):

Array.prototype.getUnique = function() {
    return [...new Set( [this] )];
};

EcmaScript 6 is only partially implemented in modern browsers at the moment (Aug. 2015), but Babel has become very popular for transpiling ES6 (and even ES7) back to ES5. That way you can write ES6 code today!

If you're wondering what the ... means, it's called the spread operator. From MDN: «The spread operator allows an expression to be expanded in places where multiple arguments (for function calls) or multiple elements (for array literals) are expected». Because a Set is an iterable (and can only have unique values), the spread operator will expand the Set to fill the array.

Resources for learning ES6:

2015/08/18

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1960473
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Email: [email protected]