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How to convert Java String into byte[]?


Question

Is there any way to convert Java String to a byte[] (not the boxed Byte[])?

In trying this:

System.out.println(response.split("\r\n\r\n")[1]);
System.out.println("******");
System.out.println(response.split("\r\n\r\n")[1].getBytes().toString());

and I'm getting separate outputs. Unable to display 1st output as it is a gzip string.

<A Gzip String>
******
[[email protected]

The second is an address. Is there anything I'm doing wrong? I need the result in a byte[] to feed it to gzip decompressor, which is as follows.

String decompressGZIP(byte[] gzip) throws IOException {
    java.util.zip.Inflater inf = new java.util.zip.Inflater();
    java.io.ByteArrayInputStream bytein = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream(gzip);
    java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream gzin = new java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream(bytein);
    java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream byteout = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
    int res = 0;
    byte buf[] = new byte[1024];
    while (res >= 0) {
        res = gzin.read(buf, 0, buf.length);
        if (res > 0) {
            byteout.write(buf, 0, res);
        }
    }
    byte uncompressed[] = byteout.toByteArray();
    return (uncompressed.toString());
}
2016/12/28
1
545
12/28/2016 6:46:06 PM

Accepted Answer

The object your method decompressGZIP() needs is a byte[].

So the basic, technical answer to the question you have asked is:

byte[] b = string.getBytes();
byte[] b = string.getBytes(Charset.forName("UTF-8"));
byte[] b = string.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8); // Java 7+ only

However the problem you appear to be wrestling with is that this doesn't display very well. Calling toString() will just give you the default Object.toString() which is the class name + memory address. In your result [[email protected], the [B means byte[] and 38ee9f13 is the memory address, separated by an @.

For display purposes you can use:

Arrays.toString(bytes);

But this will just display as a sequence of comma-separated integers, which may or may not be what you want.

To get a readable String back from a byte[], use:

String string = new String(byte[] bytes, Charset charset);

The reason the Charset version is favoured, is that all String objects in Java are stored internally as UTF-16. When converting to a byte[] you will get a different breakdown of bytes for the given glyphs of that String, depending upon the chosen charset.

2016/03/31
962
3/31/2016 9:54:24 PM

  String example = "Convert Java String";
  byte[] bytes = example.getBytes();

Try using String.getBytes(). It returns a byte[] representing string data. Example:

String data = "sample data";
byte[] byteData = data.getBytes();
2013/09/02

Simply:

String abc="abcdefghight";

byte[] b = abc.getBytes();
2014/04/05

You can use String.getBytes() which returns the byte[] array.

2013/09/02

You might wanna try return new String(byteout.toByteArray(Charset.forName("UTF-8")))

2013/11/28