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ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: ''


Question

I am creating a program that reads a file and if the first line of the file is not blank, it reads the next four lines. Calculations are performed on those lines and then the next line is read. If that line is not empty it continues. However, I am getting this error:

ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: ''.

It is reading the first line but can't convert it to an integer.

What can I do to fix this problem?

The code:

file_to_read = raw_input("Enter file name of tests (empty string to end program):")
try:
    infile = open(file_to_read, 'r')
    while file_to_read != " ":
        file_to_write = raw_input("Enter output file name (.csv will be appended to it):")
        file_to_write = file_to_write + ".csv"
        outfile = open(file_to_write, "w")
        readings = (infile.readline())
        print readings
        while readings != 0:
            global count
            readings = int(readings)
            minimum = (infile.readline())
            maximum = (infile.readline())
2019/02/10
1
356
2/10/2019 10:55:58 AM


The following are totally acceptable in python:

  • passing a string representation of an integer into int
  • passing a string representation of a float into float
  • passing a string representation of an integer into float
  • passing a float into int
  • passing an integer into float

But you get a ValueError if you pass a string representation of a float into int, or a string representation of anything but an integer (including empty string). If you do want to pass a string representation of a float to an int, as @katyhuff points out above, you can convert to a float first, then to an integer:

>>> int('5')
5
>>> float('5.0')
5.0
>>> float('5')
5.0
>>> int(5.0)
5
>>> float(5)
5.0
>>> int('5.0')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
ValueError: invalid literal for int() with base 10: '5.0'
>>> int(float('5.0'))
5
2018/05/23

Pythonic way of iterating over a file and converting to int:

for line in open(fname):
   if line.strip():           # line contains eol character(s)
       n = int(line)          # assuming single integer on each line

What you're trying to do is slightly more complicated, but still not straight-forward:

h = open(fname)
for line in h:
    if line.strip():
        [int(next(h).strip()) for _ in range(4)]     # list of integers

This way it processes 5 lines at the time. Use h.next() instead of next(h) prior to Python 2.6.

The reason you had ValueError is because int cannot convert an empty string to the integer. In this case you'd need to either check the content of the string before conversion, or except an error:

try:
   int('')
except ValueError:
   pass      # or whatever
2009/12/09

I found a work around. Python will convert the number to a float. Simply calling float first then converting that to an int will work: output = int(float(input))

2019/04/23

The reason is that you are getting an empty string or a string as an argument into int. Check if it is empty or it contains alpha characters. If it contains characters, then simply ignore that part.

2020/04/08

The reason you are getting this error is that you are trying to convert a space character to an integer, which is totally impossible and restricted.And that's why you are getting this error.enter image description here

Check your code and correct it, it will work fine

2018/03/27

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1841565
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