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How to set an image's width and height without stretching it?


Question

If I have:

#logo {
    width: 400px;
    height: 200px;
}

then

<img id="logo" src="logo.jpg"/>

will stretch to fill that space. I want the image to stay the same size, but for it to take up that much space in the DOM. Do I have to add an encapsulating <div> or <span>? I hate adding markup for styling.

2017/02/05
1
82
2/5/2017 8:00:54 PM

Accepted Answer

Yes you need an encapsulating div:

<div id="logo"><img src="logo.jpg"></div>

with something like:

#logo { height: 100px; width: 200px; overflow: hidden; }

Other solutions (padding, margin) are more tedious (in that you need to calculate the right value based on the image's dimensions) but also don't effectively allow the container to be smaller than the image.

Also, the above can be adapted much more easily for different layouts. For example, if you want the image at the bottom right:

#logo { position: relative; height: 100px; width: 200px; }
#logo img { position: absolute; right: 0; bottom: 0; }
2014/01/16
110
1/16/2014 7:32:13 PM


Load the image as a background for a div.

Instead of:

<img id='logo' src='picture.jpg'>

do

<div id='logo' style='background:url(picture.jpg)'></div>

All browsers will crop the part of the image that doesn't fit.
This has several advantages over wrapping it an element whose overflow is hidden:

  1. No extra markup. The div simply replaces the img.
  2. Easily center or set the image to another offset. eg. url(pic) center top;
  3. Repeat the image when small enough. (OK, dunno why you would want that)
  4. Set a bg color in the same statement, easily apply the same image to multiple elements, and everything that applies to bg images.

Update: This answer is from before object-fit; you should now probably use object-fit/object-position.

It is still useful for older browsers, for extra properties (such as background-repeat), and for edge cases (For example, workaround Chrome bugs with flexbox and object-position and FF's (former?) issues with grid + autoheight + object-fit. Wrapper divs in grid / flexbox often give... unintuitive results.)

2020/01/02

CSS3 object-fit

Am not sure how far its been implemented by webkit, IE and firefox. But Opera works like magic

object-fit works with SVG content, but the same effect can also be achieved by setting the preserveAspectRatio="" attribute in the SVG itself.

img {
  height: 100px;
  width: 100px;
  -o-object-fit: contain;
}

Chris Mills demo's it here http://dev.opera.com/articles/view/css3-object-fit-object-position/

2013/01/29

#logo {
    width: 400px;
    height: 200px;

    /*Scale down will take the necessary specified space that is 400px x 200px without stretching the image*/
    object-fit:scale-down;
}
2017/09/21

Make a div and give it a class. Then drop a img in it.

<div class="mydiv">

<img src="location/of/your/image" ></img>

</div>

Set the size of your div and make it relative.

    .mydiv {
        position: relative;
        height:300px;
        width: 100%;
        overflow: hidden;
    }

then style your image

img {
    width: 100%;
    height: auto;
    overflow: hidden;
}

Hope that helps

2019/01/31

Do I have to add an encapsulating <div> or <span>?

I think you do. The only thing that comes to mind is padding, but for that you would have to know the image's dimensions beforehand.

2009/11/14

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1733006
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