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What is the perfect counterpart in Python for "while not EOF"


Question

To read some text file, in C or Pascal, I always use the following snippets to read the data until EOF:

while not eof do begin
  readline(a);
  do_something;
end;

Thus, I wonder how can I do this simple and fast in Python?

2017/10/21
1
117
10/21/2017 10:02:49 AM

Accepted Answer

Loop over the file to read lines:

with open('somefile') as openfileobject:
    for line in openfileobject:
        do_something()

File objects are iterable and yield lines until EOF. Using the file object as an iterable uses a buffer to ensure performant reads.

You can do the same with the stdin (no need to use raw_input():

import sys

for line in sys.stdin:
    do_something()

To complete the picture, binary reads can be done with:

from functools import partial

with open('somefile', 'rb') as openfileobject:
    for chunk in iter(partial(openfileobject.read, 1024), b''):
        do_something()

where chunk will contain up to 1024 bytes at a time from the file, and iteration stops when openfileobject.read(1024) starts returning empty byte strings.

2018/10/18
194
10/18/2018 9:43:43 AM


The Python idiom for opening a file and reading it line-by-line is:

with open('filename') as f:
    for line in f:
        do_something(line)

The file will be automatically closed at the end of the above code (the with construct takes care of that).

Finally, it is worth noting that line will preserve the trailing newline. This can be easily removed using:

line = line.rstrip()
2013/03/24

You can use below code snippet to read line by line, till end of file

line = obj.readline()
while(line != ''):

    # Do Something

    line = obj.readline()
2014/10/27

While there are suggestions above for "doing it the python way", if one wants to really have a logic based on EOF, then I suppose using exception handling is the way to do it --

try:
    line = raw_input()
    ... whatever needs to be done incase of no EOF ...
except EOFError:
    ... whatever needs to be done incase of EOF ...

Example:

$ echo test | python -c "while True: print raw_input()"
test
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<string>", line 1, in <module> 
EOFError: EOF when reading a line

Or press Ctrl-Z at a raw_input() prompt (Windows, Ctrl-Z Linux)

2016/05/16

You can use the following code snippet. readlines() reads in the whole file at once and splits it by line.

line = obj.readlines()
2015/03/08

In addition to @dawg's great answer, the equivalent solution using walrus operator (Python >= 3.8):

with open(filename, 'rb') as f:
    while buf := f.read(max_size):
        process(buf)
2020/07/30