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Sending email with gmail smtp with codeigniter email library


Question

<?php
class Email extends Controller {

    function Email()
    {
        parent::Controller();   
        $this->load->library('email');
    }

    function index()
    {
        $config['protocol']    = 'smtp';
        $config['smtp_host']    = 'ssl://smtp.gmail.com';
        $config['smtp_port']    = '465';
        $config['smtp_timeout'] = '7';
        $config['smtp_user']    = '[email protected]';
        $config['smtp_pass']    = '*******';
        $config['charset']    = 'utf-8';
        $config['newline']    = "\r\n";
        $config['mailtype'] = 'text'; // or html
        $config['validation'] = TRUE; // bool whether to validate email or not      

        $this->email->initialize($config);

        $this->email->from('[email protected]', 'myname');
        $this->email->to('[email protected]'); 

        $this->email->subject('Email Test');
        $this->email->message('Testing the email class.');  

        $this->email->send();

        echo $this->email->print_debugger();

        $this->load->view('email_view');
    }
}

I am getting this error:

A PHP Error was encountered
Severity: Warning
Message: fsockopen() [function.fsockopen]: unable to connect to ssl://smtp.gmail.com:465 (Connection timed out)
Filename: libraries/Email.php
Line Number: 1641

Using PORT 25/587

I got this error:

A PHP Error was encountered
Severity: Warning
Message: fsockopen() [function.fsockopen]: SSL operation failed with code 1. OpenSSL Error messages: error:140770FC:SSL routines:func(119):reason(252)
Filename: libraries/Email.php
Line Number: 1641

I don't want to use phpmailer now. (Actually I have tried to use phpmailer, but I failed).

How do I solve this problem guys?

2014/03/15
1
76
3/15/2014 4:28:34 AM

Accepted Answer

$config = Array(
    'protocol' => 'smtp',
    'smtp_host' => 'ssl://smtp.googlemail.com',
    'smtp_port' => 465,
    'smtp_user' => 'xxx',
    'smtp_pass' => 'xxx',
    'mailtype'  => 'html', 
    'charset'   => 'iso-8859-1'
);
$this->load->library('email', $config);
$this->email->set_newline("\r\n");

// Set to, from, message, etc.

$result = $this->email->send();

From the CodeIgniter Forums

2016/01/30
120
1/30/2016 12:48:09 PM

You need to enable SSL in your PHP config. Load up php.ini and find a line with the following:

;extension=php_openssl.dll

Uncomment it. :D

(by removing the semicolon from the statement)

extension=php_openssl.dll

2013/11/12

According to the CI docs (CodeIgniter Email Library)...

If you prefer not to set preferences using the above method, you can instead put them into a config file. Simply create a new file called the email.php, add the $config array in that file. Then save the file at config/email.php and it will be used automatically. You will NOT need to use the $this->email->initialize() function if you save your preferences in a config file.

I was able to get this to work by putting all the settings into application/config/email.php.

$config['useragent'] = 'CodeIgniter';
$config['protocol'] = 'smtp';
//$config['mailpath'] = '/usr/sbin/sendmail';
$config['smtp_host'] = 'ssl://smtp.googlemail.com';
$config['smtp_user'] = '[email protected]';
$config['smtp_pass'] = 'YOURPASSWORDHERE';
$config['smtp_port'] = 465; 
$config['smtp_timeout'] = 5;
$config['wordwrap'] = TRUE;
$config['wrapchars'] = 76;
$config['mailtype'] = 'html';
$config['charset'] = 'utf-8';
$config['validate'] = FALSE;
$config['priority'] = 3;
$config['crlf'] = "\r\n";
$config['newline'] = "\r\n";
$config['bcc_batch_mode'] = FALSE;
$config['bcc_batch_size'] = 200;

Then, in one of the controller methods I have something like:

$this->load->library('email'); // Note: no $config param needed
$this->email->from('[email protected]', '[email protected]');
$this->email->to('[email protected]');
$this->email->subject('Test email from CI and Gmail');
$this->email->message('This is a test.');
$this->email->send();

Also, as Cerebro wrote, I had to uncomment out this line in my php.ini file and restart PHP:

extension=php_openssl.dll
2016/01/11

Change it to the following:

$ci = get_instance();
$ci->load->library('email');
$config['protocol'] = "smtp";
$config['smtp_host'] = "ssl://smtp.gmail.com";
$config['smtp_port'] = "465";
$config['smtp_user'] = "[email protected]"; 
$config['smtp_pass'] = "yourpassword";
$config['charset'] = "utf-8";
$config['mailtype'] = "html";
$config['newline'] = "\r\n";

$ci->email->initialize($config);

$ci->email->from('[email protected]', 'Blabla');
$list = array('[email protected]');
$ci->email->to($list);
$this->email->reply_to('[email protected]', 'Explendid Videos');
$ci->email->subject('This is an email test');
$ci->email->message('It is working. Great!');
$ci->email->send();
2014/01/23

send html email via codeiginater

    $this->load->library('email');
    $this->load->library('parser');



    $this->email->clear();
    $config['mailtype'] = "html";
    $this->email->initialize($config);
    $this->email->set_newline("\r\n");
    $this->email->from('[email protected]', 'Website');
    $list = array('[email protected]', '[email protected]');
    $this->email->to($list);
    $data = array();
    $htmlMessage = $this->parser->parse('messages/email', $data, true);
    $this->email->subject('This is an email test');
    $this->email->message($htmlMessage);



    if ($this->email->send()) {
        echo 'Your email was sent, thanks chamil.';
    } else {
        show_error($this->email->print_debugger());
    }
2013/09/23

Another option I have working, in a linux server with Postfix:

First, configure CI email to use your server's email system: eg, in email.php, for example

# alias to postfix in a typical Postfix server
$config['protocol'] = 'sendmail'; 
$config['mailpath'] = '/usr/sbin/sendmail'; 

Then configure your postfix to relay the mail to google (perhaps depending on the sender address). You'll probably need to put you user-password settings in /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd (docs)

This is much simpler (and less fragmente) if you have a linux box, already configured to send some/all of its outgoing emails to Google.

2011/05/02

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1555145
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