Advertisement
Advertisement


Put buttons at bottom of screen with LinearLayout?


Question

I have the following code, how do I make it so that the 3 buttons are at the bottom?

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="60dp"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="@string/observer"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge"
        tools:context=".asdf"
        android:weight="1" />

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="vertical" >

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button1"
            style="?android:attr/buttonStyleSmall"
            android:layout_width="145dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal|center"
            android:text="1" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button2"
            style="?android:attr/buttonStyleSmall"
            android:layout_width="145dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal|center"
            android:text="2" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button3"
            style="?android:attr/buttonStyleSmall"
            android:layout_width="145dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal|center"
            android:text="3" />
    </LinearLayout>

2013/02/08
1
138
2/8/2013 7:15:47 PM

Accepted Answer

You need to ensure four things:

  • Your outside LinearLayout has layout_height="match_parent"
  • Your inside LinearLayout has layout_weight="1" and layout_height="0dp"
  • Your TextView has layout_weight="0"
  • You've set the gravity properly on your inner LinearLayout: android:gravity="center|bottom"

Notice that fill_parent does not mean "take up all available space". However, if you use layout_height="0dp" with layout_weight="1", then a view will take up all available space (Can't get proper layout with "fill_parent").

Here is some code I quickly wrote up that uses two LinearLayouts in a similar fashion to your code.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/db1_root"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="@string/cow"
        android:layout_weight="0"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge" />

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dip"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:gravity="center|bottom"
        android:orientation="vertical" >

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button1"
            style="?android:attr/buttonStyleSmall"
            android:layout_width="145dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal|center"
            android:text="1" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button2"
            style="?android:attr/buttonStyleSmall"
            android:layout_width="145dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal|center"
            android:text="2" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button3"
            style="?android:attr/buttonStyleSmall"
            android:layout_width="145dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal|center"
            android:text="3" />
    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

The result looks like similar to this:

enter image description here

2017/06/01
269
6/1/2017 8:06:33 PM

You can use a RelativeLayout and align it to the bottom with android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"

2013/02/08

Create Relative layout and inside that layout create your button with this line

android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
2014/10/09

first create file name it as footer.xml put this code inside it.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="78dp"
    android:layout_gravity="bottom"
    android:gravity="bottom"
 android:layout_weight=".15"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:background="@drawable/actionbar_dark_background_tile" >
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/lborder"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/overlay" />
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/unknown"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/notcolor" />
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/open"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/openit"
        />
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/color"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/colored" />
        <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/rborder"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/frames"
        android:layout_weight=".14" />


</LinearLayout>  

then create header.xml and put this code inside it.:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="@dimen/action_bar_height"
    android:layout_gravity="top"
    android:baselineAligned="true"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:background="@drawable/actionbar_dark_background_tile" >
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/contact"
        android:layout_width="37dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="start"
        android:layout_weight=".18"
        android:scaleType="fitCenter"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/logo"/>

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/share"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="start"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/share" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/save"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/save" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/set"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/set" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/fix"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/light" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/rotate"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/ic_menu_rotate" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/stock"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight=".14"
        android:background="@drawable/action_bar_left_button"
        android:src="@drawable/stock" />

</LinearLayout>

and then in your main_activity.xml and put this code inside it :-

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
tools:context=".MainActivity"
android:id="@+id/relt"
android:background="@drawable/background" >

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="78dp"
    android:id="@+id/down"
    android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" >

    <include
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="78dp"
        layout="@layout/footer" >
    </include>
</LinearLayout>
<ImageView
    android:id="@+id/view"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_above="@+id/down"
    android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
    android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
    android:layout_below="@+id/inc"
   >  
    </ImageView> 
    <include layout="@layout/header"
        android:id="@+id/inc"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="50dp"></include> 

happy coding :)

2013/02/08

You can do this by taking a Frame layout as parent Layout and then put linear layout inside it. Here is a example:

<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
 >
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="vertical">

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:padding="5dp"
    android:textSize="16sp"/>


<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:padding="5dp"      
    android:textSize="16sp"
    />

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:padding="5dp"
    android:textSize="16sp"/>

<TextView
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:padding="5dp"
     android:textSize="16sp"/>




</LinearLayout>

<Button
    android:id="@+id/button2"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_margin="10dp"
    android:layout_gravity="bottom"
    />
 </FrameLayout>
2018/01/12

<LinearLayout
 android:id="@+id/LinearLayouts02"
 android:layout_width="match_parent"
 android:layout_height="match_parent"
 android:orientation="vertical"
 android:gravity="bottom|end">

<TextView
android:id="@+id/texts1"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_weight="2"
android:text="@string/forgotpass"
android:padding="7dp"
android:gravity="bottom|center_horizontal"
android:paddingLeft="10dp"
android:layout_marginBottom="30dp"
android:bottomLeftRadius="10dp"
android:bottomRightRadius="50dp"
android:fontFamily="sans-serif-condensed"
android:textColor="@color/colorAccent"
android:textStyle="bold"
android:textSize="16sp"
android:topLeftRadius="10dp"
android:topRightRadius="10dp"/>

</LinearLayout>
2018/07/14