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How to get the current time in YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:Sec.Millisecond format in Java?


Question

The code below gives me the current time. But it does not tell anything about milliseconds.

public static String getCurrentTimeStamp() {
    SimpleDateFormat sdfDate = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");//dd/MM/yyyy
    Date now = new Date();
    String strDate = sdfDate.format(now);
    return strDate;
}

I get date in the format 2009-09-22 16:47:08 (YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:Sec).

But I want to retrieve the current time in the format 2009-09-22 16:47:08.128 ((YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:Sec.Ms)- where 128 tells the millisecond.

SimpleTextFormat will work fine. Here the lowest unit of time is second, but how do I get millisecond as well?

2018/04/19
1
659
4/19/2018 5:46:11 AM

Accepted Answer

SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS");
2009/09/22
1028
9/22/2009 12:05:42 PM

A Java one liner

public String getCurrentTimeStamp() {
    return new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS").format(new Date());
}

in JDK8 style

public String getCurrentLocalDateTimeStamp() {
    return LocalDateTime.now()
       .format(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS"));
}
2017/03/27

You only have to add the millisecond field in your date format string:

new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS");

The API doc of SimpleDateFormat describes the format string in detail.

2009/09/22

try this:-

http://docs.oracle.com/javase/6/docs/api/java/text/SimpleDateFormat.html

DateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss.SSS");
Date date = new Date();
System.out.println(dateFormat.format(date));

or

DateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss");
Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
System.out.println(dateFormat.format(cal.getTime()));
2016/11/18

tl;dr

Instant.now()
       .toString()

2016-05-06T23:24:25.694Z

ZonedDateTime
.now
( 
    ZoneId.of( "America/Montreal" ) 
)
.format(  DateTimeFormatter.ISO_LOCAL_DATE_TIME )
.replace( "T" , " " )

2016-05-06 19:24:25.694

java.time

In Java 8 and later, we have the java.time framework built into Java 8 and later. These new classes supplant the troublesome old java.util.Date/.Calendar classes. The new classes are inspired by the highly successful Joda-Time framework, intended as its successor, similar in concept but re-architected. Defined by JSR 310. Extended by the ThreeTen-Extra project. See the Tutorial.

Be aware that java.time is capable of nanosecond resolution (9 decimal places in fraction of second), versus the millisecond resolution (3 decimal places) of both java.util.Date & Joda-Time. So when formatting to display only 3 decimal places, you could be hiding data.

If you want to eliminate any microseconds or nanoseconds from your data, truncate.

Instant instant2 = instant.truncatedTo( ChronoUnit.MILLIS ) ;

The java.time classes use ISO 8601 format by default when parsing/generating strings. A Z at the end is short for Zulu, and means UTC.

An Instant represents a moment on the timeline in UTC with resolution of up to nanoseconds. Capturing the current moment in Java 8 is limited to milliseconds, with a new implementation in Java 9 capturing up to nanoseconds depending on your computer’s hardware clock’s abilities.

Instant instant = Instant.now (); // Current date-time in UTC.
String output = instant.toString ();

2016-05-06T23:24:25.694Z

Replace the T in the middle with a space, and the Z with nothing, to get your desired output.

String output = instant.toString ().replace ( "T" , " " ).replace( "Z" , "" ; // Replace 'T', delete 'Z'. I recommend leaving the `Z` or any other such [offset-from-UTC][7] or [time zone][7] indicator to make the meaning clear, but your choice of course.

2016-05-06 23:24:25.694

As you don't care about including the offset or time zone, make a "local" date-time unrelated to any particular locality.

String output = LocalDateTime.now ( ).toString ().replace ( "T", " " );

Joda-Time

The highly successful Joda-Time library was the inspiration for the java.time framework. Advisable to migrate to java.time when convenient.

The ISO 8601 format includes milliseconds, and is the default for the Joda-Time 2.4 library.

System.out.println( "Now: " + new DateTime ( DateTimeZone.UTC ) );

When run…

Now: 2013-11-26T20:25:12.014Z

Also, you can ask for the milliseconds fraction-of-a-second as a number, if needed:

int millisOfSecond = myDateTime.getMillisOfSecond ();
2020/04/09

The easiest way was to (prior to Java 8) use,

SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS");

But SimpleDateFormat is not thread-safe. Neither java.util.Date. This will lead to leading to potential concurrency issues for users. And there are many problems in those existing designs. To overcome these now in Java 8 we have a separate package called java.time. This Java SE 8 Date and Time document has a good overview about it.

So in Java 8 something like below will do the trick (to format the current date/time),

LocalDateTime.now()
   .format(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS"));

And one thing to note is it was developed with the help of the popular third party library joda-time,

The project has been led jointly by the author of Joda-Time (Stephen Colebourne) and Oracle, under JSR 310, and will appear in the new Java SE 8 package java.time.

But now the joda-time is becoming deprecated and asked the users to migrate to new java.time.

Note that from Java SE 8 onwards, users are asked to migrate to java.time (JSR-310) - a core part of the JDK which replaces this project

Anyway having said that,

If you have a Calendar instance you can use below to convert it to the new java.time,

    Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    long longValue = calendar.getTimeInMillis();         

    LocalDateTime date =
            LocalDateTime.ofInstant(Instant.ofEpochMilli(longValue), ZoneId.systemDefault());
    String formattedString = date.format(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS"));

    System.out.println(date.toString()); // 2018-03-06T15:56:53.634
    System.out.println(formattedString); // 2018-03-06 15:56:53.634

If you had a Date object,

    Date date = new Date();
    long longValue2 = date.getTime();

    LocalDateTime dateTime =
            LocalDateTime.ofInstant(Instant.ofEpochMilli(longValue2), ZoneId.systemDefault());
    String formattedString = dateTime.format(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS"));

    System.out.println(dateTime.toString()); // 2018-03-06T15:59:30.278
    System.out.println(formattedString);     // 2018-03-06 15:59:30.278

If you just had the epoch milliseconds,

LocalDateTime date =
        LocalDateTime.ofInstant(Instant.ofEpochMilli(epochLongValue), ZoneId.systemDefault());
2018/03/06

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1459656
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