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Python - write() versus writelines() and concatenated strings


Question

So I'm learning Python. I am going through the lessons and ran into a problem where I had to condense a great many target.write() into a single write(), while having a "\n" between each user input variable(the object of write()).

I came up with:

nl = "\n"
lines = line1, nl, line2, nl, line3, nl
textdoc.writelines(lines)

If I try to do:

textdoc.write(lines)

I get an error. But if I type:

textdoc.write(line1 + "\n" + line2 + ....)

Then it works fine. Why am I unable to use a string for a newline in write() but I can use it in writelines()?

Python 2.7 When I searched google most resources I found were way over my head, I'm still a lay-people.

2016/08/29
1
126
8/29/2016 4:07:26 AM

Accepted Answer

  • writelines expects an iterable of strings
  • write expects a single string.

line1 + "\n" + line2 merges those strings together into a single string before passing it to write.

Note that if you have many lines, you may want to use "\n".join(list_of_lines).

2019/02/15
149
2/15/2019 9:33:35 AM


if you just want to save and load a list try Pickle

Pickle saving:

with open("yourFile","wb")as file:
 pickle.dump(YourList,file)

and loading:

with open("yourFile","rb")as file:
 YourList=pickle.load(file)
2015/03/11

Actually, I think the problem is that your variable "lines" is bad. You defined lines as a tuple, but I believe that write() requires a string. All you have to change is your commas into pluses (+).

nl = "\n"
lines = line1+nl+line2+nl+line3+nl
textdoc.writelines(lines)

should work.

2013/09/17

Exercise 16 from Zed Shaw's book? You can use escape characters as follows:

paragraph1 = "%s \n %s \n %s \n" % (line1, line2, line3)
target.write(paragraph1)
target.close()
2017/03/04