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Code for a simple JavaScript countdown timer?


Question

I want to use a simple countdown timer starting at 30 seconds from when the function is run and ending at 0. No milliseconds. How can it be coded?

2012/07/29
1
148
7/29/2012 1:52:17 AM

Accepted Answer

var count=30;

var counter=setInterval(timer, 1000); //1000 will  run it every 1 second

function timer()
{
  count=count-1;
  if (count <= 0)
  {
     clearInterval(counter);
     //counter ended, do something here
     return;
  }

  //Do code for showing the number of seconds here
}

To make the code for the timer appear in a paragraph (or anywhere else on the page), just put the line:

<span id="timer"></span>

where you want the seconds to appear. Then insert the following line in your timer() function, so it looks like this:

function timer()
{
  count=count-1;
  if (count <= 0)
  {
     clearInterval(counter);
     return;
  }

 document.getElementById("timer").innerHTML=count + " secs"; // watch for spelling
}
2012/10/18
256
10/18/2012 9:15:47 PM


So far the answers seem to rely on code being run instantly. If you set a timer for 1000ms, it will actually be around 1008 instead.

Here is how you should do it:

function timer(time,update,complete) {
    var start = new Date().getTime();
    var interval = setInterval(function() {
        var now = time-(new Date().getTime()-start);
        if( now <= 0) {
            clearInterval(interval);
            complete();
        }
        else update(Math.floor(now/1000));
    },100); // the smaller this number, the more accurate the timer will be
}

To use, call:

timer(
    5000, // milliseconds
    function(timeleft) { // called every step to update the visible countdown
        document.getElementById('timer').innerHTML = timeleft+" second(s)";
    },
    function() { // what to do after
        alert("Timer complete!");
    }
);
2012/10/14

Here is another one if anyone needs one for minutes and seconds:

    var mins = 10;  //Set the number of minutes you need
    var secs = mins * 60;
    var currentSeconds = 0;
    var currentMinutes = 0;
    /* 
     * The following line has been commented out due to a suggestion left in the comments. The line below it has not been tested. 
     * setTimeout('Decrement()',1000);
     */
    setTimeout(Decrement,1000); 

    function Decrement() {
        currentMinutes = Math.floor(secs / 60);
        currentSeconds = secs % 60;
        if(currentSeconds <= 9) currentSeconds = "0" + currentSeconds;
        secs--;
        document.getElementById("timerText").innerHTML = currentMinutes + ":" + currentSeconds; //Set the element id you need the time put into.
        if(secs !== -1) setTimeout('Decrement()',1000);
    }
2015/06/19

// Javascript Countdown
// Version 1.01 6/7/07 (1/20/2000)
// by TDavid at http://www.tdscripts.com/
var now = new Date();
var theevent = new Date("Sep 29 2007 00:00:01");
var seconds = (theevent - now) / 1000;
var minutes = seconds / 60;
var hours = minutes / 60;
var days = hours / 24;
ID = window.setTimeout("update();", 1000);

function update() {
  now = new Date();
  seconds = (theevent - now) / 1000;
  seconds = Math.round(seconds);
  minutes = seconds / 60;
  minutes = Math.round(minutes);
  hours = minutes / 60;
  hours = Math.round(hours);
  days = hours / 24;
  days = Math.round(days);
  document.form1.days.value = days;
  document.form1.hours.value = hours;
  document.form1.minutes.value = minutes;
  document.form1.seconds.value = seconds;
  ID = window.setTimeout("update();", 1000);
}
<p><font face="Arial" size="3">Countdown To January 31, 2000, at 12:00: </font>
</p>
<form name="form1">
  <p>Days
    <input type="text" name="days" value="0" size="3">Hours
    <input type="text" name="hours" value="0" size="4">Minutes
    <input type="text" name="minutes" value="0" size="7">Seconds
    <input type="text" name="seconds" value="0" size="7">
  </p>
</form>

2015/12/07

Just modified @ClickUpvote's answer:

You can use IIFE (Immediately Invoked Function Expression) and recursion to make it a little bit more easier:

var i = 5;  //set the countdown
(function timer(){
    if (--i < 0) return;
    setTimeout(function(){
        console.log(i + ' secs');  //do stuff here
        timer();
    }, 1000);
})();

var i = 5;
(function timer(){
    if (--i < 0) return;
    setTimeout(function(){
        document.getElementsByTagName('h1')[0].innerHTML = i + ' secs';
        timer();
    }, 1000);
})();
<h1>5 secs</h1>

2018/09/20

Expanding upon the accepted answer, your machine going to sleep, etc. may delay the timer from working. You can get a true time, at the cost of a little processing. This will give a true time left.

<span id="timer"></span>

<script>
var now = new Date();
var timeup = now.setSeconds(now.getSeconds() + 30);
//var timeup = now.setHours(now.getHours() + 1);

var counter = setInterval(timer, 1000);

function timer() {
  now = new Date();
  count = Math.round((timeup - now)/1000);
  if (now > timeup) {
      window.location = "/logout"; //or somethin'
      clearInterval(counter);
      return;
  }
  var seconds = Math.floor((count%60));
  var minutes = Math.floor((count/60) % 60);
  document.getElementById("timer").innerHTML = minutes + ":" + seconds;
}
</script>
2017/10/19

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1191865
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