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@RequestBody and @ResponseBody annotations in Spring


Question

Can someone explain the @RequestBody and @ResponseBody annotations in Spring 3? What are they for? Any examples would be great.

2016/05/18
1
140
5/18/2016 2:45:11 PM

Accepted Answer

There is a whole Section in the docs called 16.3.3.4 Mapping the request body with the @RequestBody annotation. And one called 16.3.3.5 Mapping the response body with the @ResponseBody annotation. I suggest you consult those sections. Also relevant: @RequestBody javadocs, @ResponseBody javadocs

Usage examples would be something like this:

Using a JavaScript-library like JQuery, you would post a JSON-Object like this:

{ "firstName" : "Elmer", "lastName" : "Fudd" }

Your controller method would look like this:

// controller
@ResponseBody @RequestMapping("/description")
public Description getDescription(@RequestBody UserStats stats){
    return new Description(stats.getFirstName() + " " + stats.getLastname() + " hates wacky wabbits");
}

// domain / value objects
public class UserStats{
    private String firstName;
    private String lastName;
    // + getters, setters
}
public class Description{
    private String description;
    // + getters, setters, constructor
}

Now if you have Jackson on your classpath (and have an <mvc:annotation-driven> setup), Spring would convert the incoming JSON to a UserStats object from the post body (because you added the @RequestBody annotation) and it would serialize the returned object to JSON (because you added the @ResponseBody annotation). So the Browser / Client would see this JSON result:

{ "description" : "Elmer Fudd hates wacky wabbits" }

See this previous answer of mine for a complete working example: https://stackoverflow.com/a/5908632/342852

Note: RequestBody / ResponseBody is of course not limited to JSON, both can handle multiple formats, including plain text and XML, but JSON is probably the most used format.


Update

Ever since Spring 4.x, you usually won't use @ResponseBody on method level, but rather @RestController on class level, with the same effect.

Here is a quote from the official Spring MVC documentation:

@RestController is a composed annotation that is itself meta-annotated with @Controller and @ResponseBody to indicate a controller whose every method inherits the type-level @ResponseBody annotation and, therefore, writes directly to the response body versus view resolution and rendering with an HTML template.

2019/08/22
220
8/22/2019 1:55:41 PM

@RequestBody : Annotation indicating a method parameter should be bound to the body of the HTTP request.

For example:

@RequestMapping(path = "/something", method = RequestMethod.PUT)
public void handle(@RequestBody String body, Writer writer) throws IOException {
    writer.write(body);
}

@ResponseBody annotation can be put on a method and indicates that the return type should be written straight to the HTTP response body (and not placed in a Model, or interpreted as a view name).

For example:

@RequestMapping(path = "/something", method = RequestMethod.PUT)
public  @ResponseBody String helloWorld() {
    return "Hello World";
}  

Alternatively, we can use @RestController annotation in place of @Controller annotation. This will remove the need to using @ResponseBody.

for more details

2016/06/02

Below is an example of a method in a Java controller.

@RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.POST)
@ResponseBody
public HttpStatus something(@RequestBody MyModel myModel) 
{
    return HttpStatus.OK;
}

By using @RequestBody annotation you will get your values mapped with the model you created in your system for handling any specific call. While by using @ResponseBody you can send anything back to the place from where the request was generated. Both things will be mapped easily without writing any custom parser etc.

2017/09/04

package com.programmingfree.springshop.controller;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import com.programmingfree.springshop.dao.UserShop;
import com.programmingfree.springshop.domain.User;


@RestController
@RequestMapping("/shop/user")
public class SpringShopController {

 UserShop userShop=new UserShop();

 @RequestMapping(value = "/{id}", method = RequestMethod.GET,headers="Accept=application/json")
 public User getUser(@PathVariable int id) {
  User user=userShop.getUserById(id);
  return user;
 }


 @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.GET,headers="Accept=application/json")
 public List<User> getAllUsers() {
  List<User> users=userShop.getAllUsers();
  return users;
 }


}

In the above example they going to display all user and particular id details now I want to use both id and name,

1) localhost:8093/plejson/shop/user <---this link will display all user details
2) localhost:8093/plejson/shop/user/11 <----if i use 11 in link means, it will display particular user 11 details

now I want to use both id and name

localhost:8093/plejson/shop/user/11/raju <-----------------like this it means we can use any one in this please help me out.....

2016/01/13