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PostgreSQL "DESCRIBE TABLE"


Question

How do you perform the equivalent of Oracle's DESCRIBE TABLE in PostgreSQL (using the psql command)?

2018/09/21
1
1875
9/21/2018 3:00:21 PM

Accepted Answer

Try this (in the psql command-line tool):

\d+ tablename

See the manual for more info.

2015/02/26
2851
2/26/2015 11:55:36 AM

In addition to the PostgreSQL way (\d 'something' or \dt 'table' or \ds 'sequence' and so on)

The SQL standard way, as shown here:

select column_name, data_type, character_maximum_length, column_default, is_nullable
from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where table_name = '<name of table>';

It's supported by many db engines.

2020/07/28

If you want to obtain it from query instead of psql, you can query the catalog schema. Here's a complex query that does that:

SELECT  
    f.attnum AS number,  
    f.attname AS name,  
    f.attnum,  
    f.attnotnull AS notnull,  
    pg_catalog.format_type(f.atttypid,f.atttypmod) AS type,  
    CASE  
        WHEN p.contype = 'p' THEN 't'  
        ELSE 'f'  
    END AS primarykey,  
    CASE  
        WHEN p.contype = 'u' THEN 't'  
        ELSE 'f'
    END AS uniquekey,
    CASE
        WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN g.relname
    END AS foreignkey,
    CASE
        WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN p.confkey
    END AS foreignkey_fieldnum,
    CASE
        WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN g.relname
    END AS foreignkey,
    CASE
        WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN p.conkey
    END AS foreignkey_connnum,
    CASE
        WHEN f.atthasdef = 't' THEN d.adsrc
    END AS default
FROM pg_attribute f  
    JOIN pg_class c ON c.oid = f.attrelid  
    JOIN pg_type t ON t.oid = f.atttypid  
    LEFT JOIN pg_attrdef d ON d.adrelid = c.oid AND d.adnum = f.attnum  
    LEFT JOIN pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace  
    LEFT JOIN pg_constraint p ON p.conrelid = c.oid AND f.attnum = ANY (p.conkey)  
    LEFT JOIN pg_class AS g ON p.confrelid = g.oid  
WHERE c.relkind = 'r'::char  
    AND n.nspname = '%s'  -- Replace with Schema name  
    AND c.relname = '%s'  -- Replace with table name  
    AND f.attnum > 0 ORDER BY number
;

It's pretty complex but it does show you the power and flexibility of the PostgreSQL system catalog and should get you on your way to pg_catalog mastery ;-). Be sure to change out the %s's in the query. The first is Schema and the second is the table name.

2012/10/22

You can do that with a psql slash command:

 \d myTable describe table

It also works for other objects:

 \d myView describe view
 \d myIndex describe index
 \d mySequence describe sequence

Source: faqs.org

2015/09/22

The psql equivalent of DESCRIBE TABLE is \d table.

See the psql portion of the PostgreSQL manual for more details.

2014/03/05

This should be the solution:

SELECT * FROM information_schema.columns
WHERE table_schema = 'your_schema'
   AND table_name   = 'your_table'
2019/01/09

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/109325
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