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How to call a method after bean initialization is complete?


Question

I have a use case where I need to call a (non-static) method in the bean only-once at the ApplicationContext load up. Is it ok, if I use MethodInvokingFactoryBean for this? Or we have a some better solution?

As a side note, I use ConfigContextLoaderListener to load the Application Context in web application. And want, that if bean 'A' is instantiated just call methodA() once.

How can this be done nicely?

2016/03/03
1
238
3/3/2016 6:14:13 PM

Accepted Answer

You can use something like:

<beans>
    <bean id="myBean" class="..." init-method="init"/>
</beans>

This will call the "init" method when the bean is instantiated.

2013/04/12
196
4/12/2013 9:38:01 AM


There are three different approaches to consider, as described in the reference

Use init-method attribute

Pros:

  • Does not require bean to implement an interface.

Cons:

  • No immediate indication this method is required after construction to ensure the bean is correctly configured.

Implement InitializingBean

Pros:

  • No need to specify init-method, or turn on component scanning / annotation processing.
  • Appropriate for beans supplied with a library, where we don't want the application using this library to concern itself with bean lifecycle.

Cons:

  • More invasive than the init-method approach.

Use JSR-250 @PostConstruct lifecyle annotation

Pros:

  • Useful when using component scanning to autodetect beans.
  • Makes it clear that a specific method is to be used for initialisation. Intent is closer to the code.

Cons:

  • Initialisation no longer centrally specified in configuration.
  • You must remember to turn on annotation processing (which can sometimes be forgotten)
2016/05/19

Have you tried implementing InitializingBean? It sounds like exactly what you're after.

The downside is that your bean becomes Spring-aware, but in most applications that's not so bad.

2009/07/06

You could deploy a custom BeanPostProcessor in your application context to do it. Or if you don't mind implementing a Spring interface in your bean, you could use the InitializingBean interface or the "init-method" directive (same link).

2009/07/06

To further clear any confusion about the two approach i.e use of

  1. @PostConstruct and
  2. init-method="init"

From personal experience, I realized that using (1) only works in a servlet container, while (2) works in any environment, even in desktop applications. So, if you would be using Spring in a standalone application, you would have to use (2) to carry out that "call this method after initialization.

2014/09/24

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1088550
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