Copy file remotely with PowerShell


I am writing a PowerShell script that I want to run from Server A. I want to connect to Server B and copy a file to Server A as a backup.

If that can't be done then I would like to connect to Server B from Server A and copy a file to another directory in Server B.

I see the Copy-Item command, but I don't see how to give it a computer name.

I would have thought I could do something like

Copy-Item -ComputerName ServerB -Path C:\Programs\temp\test.txt -Destination (not sure how it would know to use ServerB or ServerA)

How can I do this?

6/24/2019 4:41:44 PM

Accepted Answer

Simply use the administrative shares to copy files between systems. It's much easier this way.

Copy-Item -Path \\serverb\c$\programs\temp\test.txt -Destination \\servera\c$\programs\temp\test.txt;

By using UNC paths instead of local filesystem paths, you help to ensure that your script is executable from any client system with access to those UNC paths. If you use local filesystem paths, then you are cornering yourself into running the script on a specific computer.

This only works when a PowerShell session runs under the user who has rights to both administrative shares.

I suggest to use regular network share on server B with read-only access to everyone and simply call (from Server A):

Copy-Item -Path "\\\ServerB\SharedPathToSourceFile" -Destination "$Env:USERPROFILE" -Force -PassThru -Verbose
6/24/2019 4:42:59 PM

Use net use or New-PSDrive to create a new drive:

New-PsDrive: create a new PsDrive only visible in PowerShell environment:

New-PSDrive -Name Y -PSProvider filesystem -Root \\ServerName\Share
Copy-Item BigFile Y:\BigFileCopy

Net use: create a new drive visible in all parts of the OS.

Net use y: \\ServerName\Share
Copy-Item BigFile Y:\BigFileCopy

Just in case that the remote file needs your credential to get accessed, you can generate a System.Net.WebClient object using cmdlet New-Object to "Copy File Remotely", like so

$Source = "\\192.168.x.x\somefile.txt"
$Dest   = "C:\Users\user\somefile.txt"
$Username = "username"
$Password = "password"

$WebClient = New-Object System.Net.WebClient
$WebClient.Credentials = New-Object System.Net.NetworkCredential($Username, $Password)

$WebClient.DownloadFile($Source, $Dest)

Or if you need to upload a file, you can use UploadFile:

$Dest = "\\192.168.x.x\somefile.txt"
$Source   = "C:\Users\user\somefile.txt"

$WebClient.UploadFile($Dest, $Source)

None of the above answers worked for me. I kept getting this error:

Copy-Item : Access is denied
+ CategoryInfo          : PermissionDenied: (\\\Shared\test.txt:String) [Copy-Item], UnauthorizedAccessException>   
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : ItemExistsUnauthorizedAccessError,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.CopyItemCommand

So this did it for me:

netsh advfirewall firewall set rule group="File and Printer Sharing" new enable=yes

Then from my host my machine in the Run box I just did this:

\\{IP address of nanoserver}\C$