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How do I make the first letter of a string uppercase in JavaScript?


Question

How do I make the first letter of a string uppercase, but not change the case of any of the other letters?

For example:

  • "this is a test" -> "This is a test"
  • "the Eiffel Tower" -> "The Eiffel Tower"
  • "/index.html" -> "/index.html"
2019/04/05
1
3859
4/5/2019 6:29:44 PM


Here's a more object-oriented approach:

String.prototype.capitalize = function() {
    return this.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + this.slice(1);
}

You'd call the function, like this:

"hello world".capitalize();

With the expected output being:

"Hello world" 
2019/05/12

In CSS:

p:first-letter {
    text-transform:capitalize;
}
2016/08/12

Here is a shortened version of the popular answer that gets the first letter by treating the string as an array:

function capitalize(s)
{
    return s[0].toUpperCase() + s.slice(1);
}

Update:

According to the comments below this doesn't work in IE 7 or below.

Update 2:

To avoid undefined for empty strings (see @njzk2's comment below), you can check for an empty string:

function capitalize(s)
{
    return s && s[0].toUpperCase() + s.slice(1);
}
2017/05/23

If you're interested in the performance of a few different methods posted:

Here are the fastest methods based on this jsperf test (ordered from fastest to slowest).

As you can see, the first two methods are essentially comparable in terms of performance, whereas altering the String.prototype is by far the slowest in terms of performance.

// 10,889,187 operations/sec
function capitalizeFirstLetter(string) {
    return string[0].toUpperCase() + string.slice(1);
}

// 10,875,535 operations/sec
function capitalizeFirstLetter(string) {
    return string.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + string.slice(1);
}

// 4,632,536 operations/sec
function capitalizeFirstLetter(string) {
    return string.replace(/^./, string[0].toUpperCase());
}

// 1,977,828 operations/sec
String.prototype.capitalizeFirstLetter = function() {
    return this.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + this.slice(1);
}

enter image description here

2020/06/20

For another case I need it to capitalize the first letter and lowercase the rest. The following cases made me change this function:

//es5
function capitalize(string) {
    return string.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + string.slice(1).toLowerCase();
}
capitalize("alfredo")  // => "Alfredo"
capitalize("Alejandro")// => "Alejandro
capitalize("ALBERTO")  // => "Alberto"
capitalize("ArMaNdO")  // => "Armando"

// es6 using destructuring 
const capitalize = ([first,...rest]) => first.toUpperCase() + rest.join('').toLowerCase();
2018/06/05

Source: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1026069
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