SQL Inner-join with 3 tables?


I'm trying to join 3 tables in a view; here is the situation:

I have a table that contains information of students who are applying to live on this College Campus. I have another table that lists the Hall Preferences (3 of them) for each Student. But each of these preferences are merely an ID Number, and the ID Number has a corresponding Hall Name in a third table (did not design this database...).

Pretty much, I have INNER JOIN on the table with their preferences, and their information, the result is something like...

 John Doe | 923423 | Incoming Student | 005

Where 005 would be the HallID. So Now I want to match that HallID to a third table, where this table contains a HallID and HallName.

So pretty much, I want my result to be like...

 John Doe | 923423 | Incoming Student | Foley Hall <---(INSTEAD OF 005)

Here is what I currently have:

  s.StudentID, s.FName, 
  s.LName, s.Gender, s.BirthDate, s.Email, 
  r.HallPref1, r.HallPref2, r.HallPref3
  dbo.StudentSignUp AS s 
  INNER JOIN RoomSignUp.dbo.Incoming_Applications_Current AS r 
    ON s.StudentID = r.StudentID 
  INNER JOIN HallData.dbo.Halls AS h 
    ON r.HallPref1 = h.HallID
1/22/2019 11:23:32 AM

Accepted Answer

You can do the following (I guessed on table fields,etc)

SELECT s.studentname
    , s.studentid
    , s.studentdesc
    , h.hallname
FROM students s
INNER JOIN hallprefs hp
    on s.studentid = hp.studentid
INNER JOIN halls h
    on hp.hallid = h.hallid

Based on your request for multiple halls you could do it this way. You just join on your Hall table multiple times for each room pref id:

SELECT     s.StudentID
    , s.FName
    , s.LName
    , s.Gender
    , s.BirthDate
    , s.Email
    , r.HallPref1
    , h1.hallName as Pref1HallName
    , r.HallPref2 
    , h2.hallName as Pref2HallName
    , r.HallPref3
    , h3.hallName as Pref3HallName
FROM  dbo.StudentSignUp AS s 
INNER JOIN RoomSignUp.dbo.Incoming_Applications_Current AS r 
    ON s.StudentID = r.StudentID 
INNER JOIN HallData.dbo.Halls AS h1 
    ON r.HallPref1 = h1.HallID
INNER JOIN HallData.dbo.Halls AS h2
    ON r.HallPref2 = h2.HallID
INNER JOIN HallData.dbo.Halls AS h3
    ON r.HallPref3 = h3.HallID
1/22/2019 11:23:52 AM

SELECT column_Name1,column_name2,......
  From tbl_name1,tbl_name2,tbl_name3
  where tbl_name1.column_name = tbl_name2.column_name 
  and tbl_name2.column_name = tbl_name3.column_name

If you have 3 tables with the same ID to be joined, I think it would be like this:

SELECT * FROM table1 a
JOIN table2 b ON a.ID = b.ID
JOIN table3 c ON a.ID = c.ID

Just replace * with what you want to get from the tables.


SELECT table1.col,table2.col,table3.col 
FROM table1 
(table2 INNER JOIN table3 
AND //add any additional filters HERE

You just need a second inner join that links the ID Number that you have now to the ID Number of the third table. Afterwards, replace the ID Number by the Hall Name and voilá :)


There have been plenty of responses but the overall lesson seems to be that you can use multiple JOINS in a where clause; also (my boss recommended it to me, that's how I found it) has good SQL tutorials if you ever have another question and you just want to try and figure it out.

SELECT table1.column1
FROM table1
WHERE table1 > 0 (or whatever you want to specify)
INNER JOIN table1 
ON table1.column1 = table2.column1